What Are the Forms of Prose?
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What Are the Forms of Prose?. Prose and Its Forms Prose: Some Types of Fiction Short Story Novel Novella Folk Tale Prose: Some Types of Nonfiction Essay and Article Biography , Autobiography , memoir, personal essay Elements of Fiction and Nonfiction Your Turn. Feature Menu.

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Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

What Are the Forms of Prose?

  • Prose and Its Forms

  • Prose: Some Types of FictionShort StoryNovelNovellaFolk Tale

  • Prose: Some Types of NonfictionEssay and ArticleBiography, Autobiography, memoir, personal essay Elements of Fiction and Nonfiction

  • Your Turn

Feature Menu


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose and Its Forms

Imagine you’re helping with dinner, and a recipe calls for basil.

Which one is basil? Does it make a difference?


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose and Its Forms

Parsley

Basil

Basil

Rosemary

Yes! It definitely makes a difference! Each herb has a distinct flavor and would make the recipe taste very different.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose and Its Forms

Knowing the different types of prose also matters, helping you

  • anticipate what you’ll find in the text

  • decide how you’ll read the text


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose and Its Forms

You might think of prose as everything that isn’t poetry.

You speak in prose

You read prose

in textbooks and novels

in everyday conversations

in notes from friends


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

You also read prose

in magazines and newspapers

Prose and Its Forms

The prose from these sources can be divided into two main categories:

  • fiction

  • nonfiction

in e-mails and on Web sites


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose and Its Forms

Whatever type of prose you enjoy the most, remember that the important thing is to read.

[End of Section]


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose: Some Types of Fiction

Writers create prose fiction by using imagined characters and events in a variety of ways:

  • short story

  • novel

  • novella

  • folk tale


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Fiction: Short Story

A short storyusually keeps it simple

by focusing on one major character, theme, and setting

and by working through a basic plot consisting of conflict, climax, and resolution.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Fiction: Novel

A novel is more complex because it often features

more than one hundred pages

many characters

plots and subplots, or minor plots

several themes and conflicts


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Fiction: Novella

A novella is just a short novel,

usually longer than twenty pages but shorter than one hundred pages.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Fiction: Folk Tale

A folk tale

  • has no known author

  • has been passed down through history by word of mouth

  • often features fantastic elements that couldn’t happen in our world


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose: Some Types of Fiction

Each type of fiction has distinct characteristics.

short story

Usually 5–20 pages. A few characters work through a series of events and a conflict, leading to climax and resolution.

Usually 100 pages or more. You meet lots of characters, see subplots within the main plot, and explore many themes and conflicts.

novel

novella

A short novel—longer than a short story but shorter than a novel.

folk tale

Often a mythical story with no known author, passed down by word of mouth.

[End of Section]


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose: Some Types of Fiction

Quick Check

  • Which form of fiction do you think this is?

  • short story

  • novel

  • novella

  • folk tale

There once lived a wise old man named Young-Chu, who made his home in the top of the tallest maple tree deep in the forest.

Sometimes Young-Chu would grant wishes, if it were for a good cause. People came from far and wide to seek his help, writing requests on bits of rice paper. Then, one of Young-Chu’s cranes would snap up the paper in its beak and fly to the top of the tree to present the wish to the wise man.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose: Some Types of Nonfiction

Nonfiction provides facts about people, places, things, and events. Types of nonfiction include

  • essay

  • article

  • biography

  • autobiography


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Nonfiction: Essay and Article

Essays and articles are short pieces of prose that discuss a limited topic.

Essays usually share a personal point of view.

Articles often relate facts and events.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Nonfiction: Biography

A biographytells the story of a person’s life

and is written by another person.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Nonfiction: Autobiography

In an autobiography, the writer tells the story of his or her own life.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose: Some Types of Nonfiction

Nonfiction provides facts about people, places, things, and events. Types of nonfiction include

A short piece of prose that discusses a limited topic and often includes personal observations

essay

An objective description of real-life events

article

The story of a person’s life written by another person

biography

auto-biography

The story of a person’s life written by that person

[End of Section]


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Prose: Some Types of Nonfiction

Quick Check

  • What type of nonfiction is this? Why?

  • essay

  • article

  • biography

  • autobiography

This spring’s Bluebell Festival and Parade on May 8 attracted crowds from around the state to the city of Cottonwood.

With thousands of onlookers, the mayor sounded a cannon to signal the start of the parade. Colorful floats of all shapes and sizes snaked down Main Street, delighting young and old alike.

The parade concluded in the town square with a tribute to Ma Callahan, who founded the town 100 years ago.


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

What Are the Forms of Prose?


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Elements of Fiction and Nonfiction

Elements of Fiction

• Characters: imaginary people or animals in a story

• Plot: series of events in a story

• Point of View: vantage point from which a story is told

• Theme: universal message about life


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Elements of Fiction and Nonfiction

Elements of Nonfiction

• Nonfiction: about real people, events, or ideas

• Point of view: told from the perspective of the author

• Presents: facts and ideas

• Historical context: may include information about the society and culture of the time

[End of Section]


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

Your Turn

Analyze Forms of Prose

Read the descriptions of written materials below. Decide if each description is an example of fiction or nonfiction.

[End of Section]


Prose and its forms prose some types of fiction short story novel novella folk tale

The End


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