Review theories of work and motivation
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REVIEW: Theories of Work and Motivation. 1. Douglas McGregor (The Human Side of Enterprise, 1960). Theory X “traditional” lazy money avoiding responsibility threats anxiety direction controlrewards lower order needs. Theory Y integration responsibility

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Review theories of work and motivation

REVIEW: Theories of Work and Motivation

1. Douglas McGregor

(The Human Side of Enterprise, 1960)

Theory X

“traditional” lazy money

avoiding responsibility

threats anxiety direction controlrewards

lower order needs

Theory Y

integration responsibility

self-actualisation

creative original potential

“progressive” self-control

higher order needs

  • Criticism of Theory Y (Abraham Maslow):

  • too excessive demands for responsibility & achievement

  • all people need security & certainty


Theories of work and motivation

Theories of Work and Motivation

2. Frederick Herzberg

(Work and the nature of man, 1959)

  • Two factor theoryof job satisfaction:

    MOTIVATORSSATISFIERS

  • Achievement- Pay and benefits

  • Recognition- Labour relations

  • Work itself- Job security

  • Responsibility- Working conditions

  • Promotion- Status

  • Growth

Criticism: There will always be boring, repetitive jobs!

Solutions: team responsibility, rotating repetitive tasks, corporate culture → MK, p 18: Vocabulary


Vocabulary focus

Vocabulary focus

number

available

  • Labour market / job market

    - the ________ and type of jobs that are ________ in a particular place

    The effects of...

    privatization?

    IT development?

    globalization / global competition?

    need for efficiency  flexible labour markets

    Labour market deregulation

  • Deregulation

    • ending/removing or relaxing restrictivelaws

  • Labour market deregulation?

lay-offs

lay-offs


Vocabulary focus1

Vocabulary focus

  • Labour market deregulation – laws regulating labour markets and employment practices removed or relaxed → Flexible labour markets

  • CONSEQUENCES:

    - w_rs_ _ing working conditions

    - unwelcome changes in employment patterns: uns_ _ _ _ed, p_r_ - _ i_ e, c_su_l jobs

    non-u_ _ _nised workers


Vocabulary focus2

Vocabulary focus

  • Labour market / job market

    - the number and type of jobs that are available in a particular place

  • Deregulation

    • ending or relaxing restrictive laws

  • Labour market deregulation – laws regulating labour markets and employment practices removed or relaxed → Flexible labour markets

  • CONSEQUENCES:

    - worsening working conditions

    - unwelcome changes in employment patterns: unskilled, part-time, casual jobs

    non-unionized workers

    SUGGESTED READING (especially if, during the oral exam, you need to prove you deserve a higher grade): RB, p 44-45 Recruitment (The World is Flat)


Review theories of work and motivation

  • dismiss, fire, boot, bounce, can, discharge, drop, sack

  • These verbs mean to terminate the employment of: was dismissed for insubordination; was booted for being late; afraid of being bounced for union activities; wasn't canned because his uncle owns the business; resort workers discharged at the end of the season; was dropped for incompetence; was fired unjustly; a reporter sacked for revealing a confidential source.Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/dismiss#ixzz2EuEQYXHs

  • lay off, make redundant, let go

  • What are the most common reasons for firing people?

  • Which company departments are responsible for dismissing staff?

  • How does the procedure for dismissing staff work?

  • Can you think of any unusual ways to fire people?

  • Suggested reading: RB, p 43 U r sacked


Labour relations or industrial relations

LABOUR RELATIONSorINDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

  • Employers vs. __________

  • Management vs. ___________

  • Management vs. unions: a) labour unions b) trade unions


Labour relations or industrial relations1

LABOUR RELATIONSorINDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

  • Employers vs. employees

  • Management vs. employees

  • Management vs. unions: a) labour unions b) trade unions

    What are labour unions or trade unions?

    What do they do?

    What can they do when dissatisfied?


Trade labour unions

Trade / labour unions:

1. Negotiate over 3 main issues:

F_ _ _wages

R_ _ _ _ _able working hours

S_ _ _ working conditions

Collective bargaining


Trade labour unions1

Trade / labour unions:

1. Negotiate over 3 main issues:

Fair wages

Reasonableworking hours

Safe working conditions

2. Defend workers with individual grievances

3. Take industrial action:

- strike, go-slow (slowdown), picketing, working-to-rule

→ RB, p 41: I & III, IV, II

Collective bargaining


Provide opposites labour market conditions

Provide opposites – labour market conditions

white-collar worker

permanent job

skilled worker

job security

flexible labour market

employment

upturn

economic recession

regulation

a growing gap

a widening gap

a reversible process

stability

stable


Ta taaaa

Ta-taaaa:

white-collar worker

permanent job

skilled worker

job security

flexible labour market

employment

upturn

economic recession

regulation

a growing gap

a widening gap

a reversible process

stability

stable

blue-collar worker

temporary job

unskilled worker

job instability

stable labour market

unemployment

downturn

economic recovery

deregulation

a decreasing gap

a narrowing gap

an irreversible process

instability

unstable

→ RB, p 42, 1b


Rb p 42 1c denis macshane on trade unions summary in note form

RB, p 42 1c: Denis MacShane on trade unions (summary in note form):

  • The role of unions:

    • Voice for the __________ of workers

    • P__________ & e_____________ role

  • Govt. and companies should:

    • ___________ unions

    • ___________ unions as _________


Denis macshane on trade unions

Denis MacShane on trade unions:

  • The role of unions:

    • voice for the interest of workers

    • political & economic role

  • Govt. and companies should:

    • encourage unions

    • accept unions as partners

      Complete the sentences in ex. 2


Marketing

MARKETING

  • PRODUCTS AND BRANDS

  • MARKETING

  • ADVERTISING

    Xmas homework:

    -

    -bakalar / lignje / slane srdele / oborita riba????

    - patka s mlincima / Tuka / Odojak

    - X-mas carolling

    - dobra volja

    - read: Products (MK p 60-61) & do exercises

    (pls. follow my instructions for unit PRODUCTS on the web)


We have our work cut out for us

We have our work cut out for us!

January 2014:

8 Jan (Wed) – Products & Brands (checking)+ Intro to Business Correspondence & Applications

9 / 10 Jan (Thu/Fri) – Marketing – Enquiry (BC)

15 Jan (Wed) – Advertising - Complaint & Apology (BC)

16 / 17 Jan (Thu/Fri) – Backlog & practice

22 Jan (Wed) – Revision

23 Jan (Thu) – Revision

24 Jan (Fri) – 2nd progress test (12.00 & 13.00)

From 27 Jan (Mon) - ORALS


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