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国际贸易电子化实务 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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国际贸易电子化实务. 浙大宁波理工学院经贸分院 余杨 电子邮箱: [email protected] 绪论. 定义:进出口贸易实务是专门研究国际间商品交换的具体过程的学科,具有涉外活动特点的实践性很强的综合性应用科学,它涉及国际贸易理论与政策,国际贸易法律与惯例,国际金融,国际运输与保险等知识。 目的:通过本课程的学习,初步掌握在我国对外贸易的方针政策指导下,进行国际货物买卖的基本理论、基础知识和基本技能;学会在进出口贸易活动中,既能结合我国实际,切实贯彻国家的方针政策和企业的经营意图,又能符合法律规范和国际贸易惯例。. 进出口贸易的重大变化. 一是内容上的扩展

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国际贸易电子化实务

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[email protected]


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()

1986


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(international trade practice)(international commercial practice)


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1988 11(United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of GoodsCISG)

A B


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  • http://www.100trade.com/

  • http://www.asiabt.com/

  • http://cn.okwit.com/

  • http://www.cntrades.com/

  • http://www.aaaoe.com.cn/

  • http://www.richful-hk.com/

  • http://bgy.customs.gov.cn


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ISO9000

ISO14000


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2


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4


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1 2

3

()

A Fair Average Quality , F.A.Q.)

B Good Merchantable Quality, G.M.Q)

4 5

6


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1

2

(1)

1)

2)

(2)


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1

2

3

4

5 reference sample)


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YZ-8303R/LYZ-8301R/L15%

1


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4500ABC1500B1450B50AB

B

2


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1(kg.)(metric ton)(pound)(ounce)(1ong ton)(short ton)

2(piece)(pair)(dozen)(gross)

3(yard)(metre)(foot)

4(square yard)(square metre)

5(cubic yard)(cubic metre)

6(litre)(gallon)(bushel)


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2

()()


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1

1gross weight)

= +

()"(gross for net)

2(net weight) =-1 2 3 4


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1 (conditioned weight)

=1+

=1+(1+


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1011%108

1082 8=25%

=10 1+11%1+25%

=8.889


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2 theoretical weight)

3 legal weight)(net net weight)= +

= -


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1

189330


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1

2


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2

1

(more or less clause)

50005(5000 mtwith 5 more or less at sellers option)4750m/t5250mt


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2

1(at sellers option)

2(at buyers option):

3(at ships option)


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3 Approximately or About )

(Approximately or About)100000(About 100000 yard)

about 10%

10%


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4

()


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1

2

3

1

2

3


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:

1 Nude Packed Cargo

2 Bulk Cargo

3 Packed Cargo


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4


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1 1

2

3

4

5

2

1 2 3 4

5


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3

1

1

2

/


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2

3


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11

2

3

4

2

3 1

2

3


Neutral packing

Neutral Packing

1 :

2 :

3

1

2


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A

B

1

2

3


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1

2


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1 1932Warsaw-Oxford Rules 1932

CIF

2 1941Revised American Foreign Trade Definitions 1941

1Ex(point of origin) 2FOBFree On Board)63FASFree Along Side)

C&FCost and Freight


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5CIFCost,Insurance and Freight

6Ex Dock(named port of importation)

FOBINCOTERMS


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3 2000INCOTERMS 2000

International Chamber of CommerceICC1936INCOTERMS20002000

13


Incoterms 2000

INCOTERMS 2000


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2000


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FOBnamed port of shipment

1

1

A

B

C

D


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2

3


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2

1

A

B

C

2

3


3 fob

3FOB

1

FOB


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2

dead freight


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3

FOB

1FOB liner terms

2FOB under tackle

3FOB stowed(FOBS)

4FOB trimmed(FOBT)

FOBFOB


4 fob

4FOB


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500010FOBVESSELNEWYORK5000050800

1941

1


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FOB

FOB

2


Cif named port of destination

CIFnamed port of destination

1

1

2

3

4

5

6


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2

1

2

3


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3

1CIF

1

2

2

10%


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3

4

CIF Liner TermsCIF

CIF LandedCIF

CIF Ex TackleCIF

CIF Ex Ships HoldCIF

CIF


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5)symbolic delivery)

CIF


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CIFLANDEDLONDON5005

CIF

1


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CIF12

1CIF2

2


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CIF

CIFCIF

3


Cfr named port of destination

CFRnamed port of destination

1

1

2

3

4

5

2

1

2

3


3 cfr

3 CFR

1

CFR Ex Tackle CFR

CFR Liner Terms CFR

CFR Landed CFR

CFR Ex Ships HoldCFR

2

CFR


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CFRBH4154848

CFR


Fob cfr cif

FOB CFR CIF

1

  • 2


Fca named place

FCA(named place)

1

1

A

B

C

D

2

3


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2

1

2

3

3

1

A

B

C


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2 FCAFOB

A

B

C

D


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152,500FOB1010161017


Cpt named place of destination

CPT... named place of destination -

1

1

2

3

4

5

2

1

2


Cip named place of destination

CIPnamed place of destination-

1

1

2

3

4

5

2

1

2


Fca cpt cip

FCACPTCIP

1

2

FOBCFRCIFFCA CPTCIP

1

2

3

4


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EXWnamed place

FASnamed port of shipment

FAS FAS VESSEL


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DAFnamed place

DES(named port of destination)

DEQ(named port of destination)

DDU(named place of destination)

DDP(named place of destination)


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  • FOB

    • CFR=FOB+F

    • CIF=FOB+F+I=CFR+I

    • CIF=FOB+F/1-

  • CFR

    • FOB=CFR-F

    • CIF=CFR/1-

  • CIF

    • FOB=CIF1--F

    • CFR=CIF1-

      (I=CIF )


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  • FCA

    • CPT=FCA+F

    • CIP=FCA+F+I=CPT+I

    • CIP=FCA+F/1-

  • CPT

    • FCA=CPT-F

    • CIP=CPT/1-

  • CIP

    • FCA=CIP1--F

    • CPT=CIP1-

      (I=CIP )


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1 CIFUSD2000.00110%0.7%CFR

2 CFRUSD2000.00CIF110%0.7%CIF

3 CFRUSD75.007.5%FOB


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1

1

2

=/FOB

=+-

5%-10%


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1+

2 =FOB-

3 =100%

CIFFOB


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1Commission

1

220CIF2%

220CIFC2%

25

2

=/1-


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3

2Discount

1

200CIF3%

200CIF3%

6


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2

=1-

3


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CFR2000

CFRC5%1000

1

2

3

4


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1

2

3

4


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1100017.30CIFCIF17300216011211711700017%10%9%8.28

2

13.5CIFC

2500CFR

31000FOB

4100FOB1%

52000CIF2%


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1

2

1

A


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B

WMFT

W/MW/Mad val W/M or ad val W/M plus ad val Per Unit Open Rate

2AVoyage Charter


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Liner Terms

F.O.

F.I.

F.I.O.

F.I.O.S.T.

12

3

424


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B Time Charter


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FOB100004005002505006003002262.75687.52.2513502037.5

?


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155.6510.676

10W/M-102213-109510%


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3

1Ocean Bill of Lading or B/L

A

receipt of the goods

evidence of the contract of carriage

document of title

B


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C

D

2Sea Waybill


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anti-date B/LL/C

advanced B/L


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stale B/L

on deck B/L

house B/L


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1

2

3

4

1

2

3


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1 19564T-21635

20 18MT30

40 26MT60

FCL-CY

LCL-CFS

2


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3

FAK

FCS

FCB


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FAK:,:-


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FCS::-


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FCB::-


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:

1 60016.223.31620W/M1020USD870/MUSD850/W

2 2095W/M6581217?


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:

3 264037.8124.4862040M1-8USD1850/20USD3515/40USD2050/20USD3915/401224.00CFR


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1

1

2 3

4 5

2


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1 time of deliverytime of shipment

1

2D

3

loading on board vessel

dispatch

accepted for carriage

date of post receipt

date of pick-up

taking in charge


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2

1 2 3

4 L/C

3 /


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FOB

4/


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1

2

3

4

5


5 partial shipment or shipment by instalments

5Partial Shipment or shipment by instalments

1

2

A

B

3UCP

A

B


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C


6 transshipment

6Transshipment)

1//

2UCP

A UCP

B UCP


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L/C UCP500

I B N

L/C

1999328BNL/CB


7 ocp overland common points

7 OCPoverland common points)

9OCPOCPOCP

1OCP

2

3OCP


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AB500145%B1100215031504100A1231070C31875A1453150145UCP500


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1UCP600145

2UCP6005%1455%


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1

2


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3

4

12


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1

1

2

2

1

2


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1

1

A

B


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2

A general average)

B particular average)


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1 50405040

2 13002200345


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3

2


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1

1 free from particular average FPA

2 with average or with particular average WA or WPA

3 all risks (

2

111

28

3


4 w w clause

4 ----W/W Clause

1//60

2

3/


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6163


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15


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ICC

1 ICCA

2 ICCB

3 ICCC

4

5

6


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1 CIFCIP

2

3

1 2

3 4 5

4 (I.O.P.)

(1) (2)


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1

100

15%28

25%28

328


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2

1500060001000

2


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CIF

1

2

3

4

5


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1CIF110%150000.6%0.03%

22000CFRCIF1%0.03%CIF


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1100CFRC2%CFR5%CFRC5%

2CFR250000CIF0.6%


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3CFR

4CIF


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55


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1

1

2

3.(,,)

2


Bill of exchange draft

Bill of Exchange/Draft

1

2 DRAWER

DRAWEE

PAYEE

31234567


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4

BANKERS DRAFT

COMMERCIAL DRAFT

SIGHT DRAFT

USANCE DRAFT

COMMERCIAL

ACCEPTANCE DRAFT

BANKS

ACCEPTANCE DRAFT

CLEAN DRAFT DOCUMENTARY DRAFT


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2

3

4


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1Draw; Issue

2PresentationSight

3Acceptance

4Payment

5Endorsement

6DishonorRight Of Recourse


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7Discount

X

X

365 36012

=-

8


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3800041516%


Promissory note

Promissory Note

1

2MAKERPAYEE

3

4


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5

1

2

3

4

5


Cheque check

Cheque/Check

1

2

3


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4

1General Cheque

2Crossed Cheque

5

1

2

3

4


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2

1

2


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-----

1

remitter payee

remitting bank paying bank


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2

1T/T

2M/T

3D/D

T/TM/TD/D


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3

1

2

3

:

1O/ACOD CWO

2

3


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4

1

2

3

5

1

2

3T/TM/TD/D


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4

5


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------

1 //

principal drawee

remitting bank collecting bank


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2

presenting bank

representative in case of need

3

1

2

D/P D/P at sight

D/P after sight

D/A


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4

1

2D/P.T/RD/A

5 URC522

1

2

3

4

5

6


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6

1

2

7

1

2D/PD/A

3

4


Letter of credit or l c

LETTER OF CREDIT OR L/C

1

L/C

2

1APPLICANT OPENER

2ISSUING BANK OPENING BANK

3BENEFICIARY

4ADVISING BANK

5NEGOTIATING BANK


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6PAYING BANK

7REIMBURSEMENT BANK

8CONFIRMING BANK

9ACCEPTING BANK

10TRANSFERRING BANK

11SECOND BENEFICIARY


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3

1FULL CABLE

2

3

4

1L/C

2

3

4

5

6


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5 ------


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6

1

2

A

L/CL/C

B L/CL/CL/C

C L/C:


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IABL/CCREDIT AVAILABLE BY THE BENEFICIARYS DRAFTS AT SIGHT PAY TO C BANK ONLYCOVERING 150M/TS OF HEMASEEDSADMIXTURE AND MOISTURE MUST BE IDENTICAL WITH THE CONTRACT NO.94308


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I1PAY TO C BANK ONLY2

A1ONLY23%12%

I1ONLY

2

L/CL/C


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7

L/C L/C L/C

L/C L/ C L/C

L/C L/C

L/C L/C

L/C

L/ C

L/C

L/C L/C


8 600 ucp600

8 600UCP600

  • 193382

  • 1952151

  • 1962222

  • 1973290

  • 1983400

  • 1993500

  • 200660020077


Ucp600

UCP600

UCP500UCP500UCP500500ICC2002UCPUCP500

20035ICCICCUCP500

UCP60020061026200771


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UCP600ISP98UCP50049391-5UCP6-1314-1617-2829-3233-373839


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UCP500UCP600215UCP5007568123033/38


Ucp600 ucp500

UCP600UCP500

114

ICCUCP600


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UCP600214

2

1 Negotiation

UCP600/


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2

A Honour

B Complying PresentationUCP600


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2

1

2 (UCP50023)(UCP50030) (UCP50033)


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3

15

2

UCP600


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4

1 UCP500

UCP600


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2

3

UCP60014fd


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5

UCP60038

UCP600UCP500


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6UCP600

1

UCP500UCP600UCP


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2

UCP600Banks must give a single notice

3andoror

UCP500andororUCP600andoror


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UCP600creditdiscrepancycredit(s)discrepancy(ies)

4


9 l c

9 L/C

1PACKING LOAN

L/C

2/,/---

3FORFAITING


10 l c

10 L/C

1L/CL/CL/C

L/C


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2

A

INSPECTION CERTIFICATE ISSUED AND SIGNED BY XXX

INSPECTION CERTIFICATE ISSUED AND SIGNED BY XXX AND THE SIGNATURE MUST BE IN STRICT COMPLIANCE WITH THAT OF OUR FILE


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B

/

PAYMENT WILL EFFECT UPON F.D.A.APPROVAL.

L/CPAYMENT FOR DRAFTS DRAWN HERE UNDER WILL BE MADE ONLY AFTER THE REALISATION OF THE PROCEEDS UNDER L/C NO.2584.


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C

/

IT IS NOT OPERATIVE UNTIL ..

?

(


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IL/CUSD879500.00AB

L/CL/C


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2

  • CIF62628L/CXX772710


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3

  • L/CL/C


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4

  • 100

  • 1

  • 2


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5

  • 199085,(,,",:3,30,90,CIF(),95,820,,CIF92,,,,:,CIF,9,,,,:

  • 1.,,? 2.?


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6

  • 199210,()()200CIF1000,199212

  • 19921115,()20,19921220200,,20,10,,.,20,:

  • 1.?

  • 2.??

  • 3.?


Letter of guarantee l g

LETTER OF GUARANTEE / L/G

1

2

1

2

3

4

5


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3

1

2GUARANTOR

3

4

5

6

4

1TENDER GUARANTEE

2 PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE

3PAYMENT GUARANTEE


5 l g l c

5 L/GL/C

1L/CL/G

2L/CL/G

3L/CL/G

4L/CL/G


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1

1

2

3

4

2

1L/C

2L/C

3


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4L/C

A

B


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1

2

1A

B /

2A /

B

3

4


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3

4

5

1

1


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2

A breach of condition

B breach of warranty


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3

A

B


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1

2

3

1

2


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2

3


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2

1

2

3

4


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3

1

2

4

1

2

3


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5

1

2

3

4

6

7


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1

2

1 INVITATION TO OFFER ----


2 offer

2 OFFER ----

1

A

B

C

D

2

A

B


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3

----

4

A

B


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5

A

B

C

D


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616762"5%"6361


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6263


3 counter offer

3 COUNTER-OFFER----


4 acceptance

4 ACCEPTANCE ----

1

A

B

C

D

D/P


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2A B

3

4


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5

A

B


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5131000""''6


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1

1

2

3

4

5


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2

1

A

B

C

2

3

3


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1 --------

2

3

1

2

3


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1

1

2

3

4

5


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2

1

2

3

3


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1

2

------------


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1

1

2A

B

C

3

--------


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2

1

2

A

B

C


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1

2

1

2

3

4


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1

1

2

3


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2

1

2

3


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