Writing and presentation of academic proposal
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 33

Writing and Presentation of Academic Proposal PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 178 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Writing and Presentation of Academic Proposal. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vijay Kumar Biotechnology Research Institute. Content. A. Writing of Academic Proposal Follow IMRAD Introduction Literature Review Methodology References Gantt Chart Tables and Figures B. Presentation of Academic Proposal

Download Presentation

Writing and Presentation of Academic Proposal

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Writing and presentation of academic proposal

Writing and Presentation of Academic Proposal

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vijay Kumar

Biotechnology Research Institute


Content

Content

A. Writing of Academic Proposal

  • Follow IMRAD

  • Introduction

  • Literature Review

  • Methodology

  • References

  • Gantt Chart

  • Tables and Figures

    B. Presentation of Academic Proposal

  • How to prepare power point

  • How to present your proposal

    Other important issues


Logical thinking

Logical Thinking

IMRAD

  • What question (problem) was studied? The answer is the Introduction.

  • How was the problem studied? The answer is the Methods.

  • What were the findings? The answer is the Results.

  • What do the findings mean? The answer is the Discussion.

    The simple logic of IMRAD provides the author to organise and write the manuscript, and IMRAD provides and easy road map for editors, referees and readers to follow in reading the paper.


Proposal

Proposal

Thesis

  • Title

  • Introduction

  • Literature Review

  • Methodology

  • Results

  • Discussion

  • References

  • Appendix

  • Title

  • Introduction

  • Literature Review

  • Methodology

  • Research Outputs/ Benefits of study

  • References

  • Time Frame/Gantt Chart


Title

Title

-Discuss with your supervisor.

-Refer to past thesis or journal publication.

-All words in the title should be chosen with great care. –most common error is faulty syntax (word order).

eg. Mechanism of suppression of pneumonia in mice induced by Newcastle Disease Virus.

(Is the mice induced? Or is the pneumonia induced?)

- Avoid “waste” words eg. “Studies on”, “Investigations on” etc. An opening A, An or The is also a “waste” word.


Introduction

Introduction

Should include:

  • Purpose of study

  • Problem statement

  • Hypothesis

  • Objectives

Objectives

-Objectives must be precise, direct-to-the-point, and descriptive.

-Must be written as an action verb.

-Give at least three objectives.


Badly written objectives

Badly written objectives

Eg.

  • Design, installation and standardisation of stirred tank reactors.

  • Comparison of experimental studies with predicted model and evaluation the accuracy of the predicted model.

  • To establish a pilot plant based on our modeling studies in alternate configured bioreactors.


Good objectives

Good objectives

eg.

  • To characterise the bacterial diversity that is present in Lake Toba using 16S ribosomal DNA sequences.

  • To identify….

  • To evaluate….

  • To determine…..

  • To estimate…

  • To establish…

  • To study???

  • To make sure??


Literature review

Literature Review

  • Do a review or search based on current knowledge of the subject matter.

  • Don’t mix lit.rev. with methodology.

  • Know the difference between lit. rev & discussion!

  • Provide paragraphs (2-3 para. per page).

  • Provide subheadings.

    Min. 2 para per heading

  • Every statements/facts must be supported with references.

  • Never start a section with a figure/table/plate etc..


Methodology

Methodology

  • Make sure you provide references for all your methods.

  • Know your tenses.

  • Never start a sentence with a number

    eg. 20ml will then be added to Solution A.

  • All numbers less than ten should be spelt out except for measurements.

  • Never start a section with a figure/table/plate etc..


Objectivity

Objectivity

-If it isn't reproducible than objectivity is lost.

-Every scientific experiment should be objective.

-Results obtained from the methods used should be

reproducible.

- If statistics are used to describe the results, it should be

meaningful statistics.

eg. 33.3% of the mice used in this experiment were cured by the test drug; 33.5% of the test population were unaffected by the drug and remained in a moribund condition; the third mouse got away.


Tables and figures

Tables and Figures

  • Know where to write your titles for tables & figures.

  • Try not to mix photos with text.

  • Always provide legends.

  • A reader must be able to understand the table/fig/chart etc. without having to read the text.

  • Maps- show north, longitude & latitude


Writing and presentation of academic proposal

You must indicate the position of north. You mustprovide the longitude & latitude.

Avoid colorful maps.


Writing and presentation of academic proposal

Paragraphs?


Writing and presentation of academic proposal

Other important issues

1. Publications

  • Aim for the head… you may get the neck.

  • MSc. – 4 proceedings & 2 journals

  • PhD. – 6 proceedings & 3 journals


Other important issues

Other important issues

2. Authorship

- Who deserve authorship/co-authorship of a paper?

- scientific/ conceptual contribution

- technical contribution

- analytical contribution

Sample provider?


Writing and presentation of academic proposal

Project Schedule


Writing and presentation of academic proposal

Other important issues

  • Plagiarism

  • turning in someone else's work as your own.

  • copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit.

  • failing to put a quotation in quotation marks.

  • giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation.

  • changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit.

  • copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not

  • Self-plagiarism-Copying material you have previously produced and passing it off as a new production.


Avoid plagiarism in research

Avoid Plagiarism in Research

  • Make sure you have a lab / log book.

    • Write down every experiments/ work done.

    • Every protocol used must have a citation.

    • This will prevent you from plagiarizing other people’s work & also prevent others from accusing you of plagiarism.

  • Do not summit research proposal with excessive details.

    - proposal are meant to be P&C but can sometimes be plagiarized by the evaluators.

  • Non-disclosure Agreement

    - Make sure all students sign the NDA.

  • Publish ASAP.


  • Writing and presentation of academic proposal

    Do not cheat, copy or lie.

    Show integrity!

    Give credit where credit is due.

    Your reputation is at stake.


    References

    References

    • Provide at least 40 references.

    • About 70-80% should be from the last 10 years.

    • Alphabetically arranged.

    • Be consistent with the format.


    Writing and presentation of academic proposal

    Spot the mistakes


    For extra points

    For Extra Points

    • Include Research Outputs or Benefits of the Study.

    • Include some color.

    • Ring-bind your proposal.


    Oral presentation

    Oral Presentation

    • First impression counts!

      (Examiners normally look at other issues apart from the proposal).

    • Be confident.

    • Speak clearly.

    • Never argue with your examiners (even if your disagree with their comments).

    • Rehearse with friends.

    • Be aware of your time limits. Don’t rush through your slides when the time is up. Just simply summarize, conclude and end your presentation.


    Oral presentation1

    Oral Presentation

    • Choose correct color schemes for your Power Point slides.

    • Don’t include slides that you have no intention of sharing with the audience.

    • Avoid animation or automated slide timing.

    • Make sure you test out your slides before the presentation.

    • For conference presentation, bring a copy of your slides as transparencies.


    Summary

    Summary

    • A good MSc/PhD proposal is a proposal with good clear problem statements and aims, and has an appropriate methodology to solve the problem at hand within the given time schedule.

    • Postgraduate training also includes: presentations, writing proposals, lab demonstrations, inventory keeping, writing financial & progress reports, teaching.


  • Login