Participles
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Participles. What is a participle?. A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. This word usually ends in – ing or – ed Examples: smiling, trotting, abandoned -Usually placed before a noun or pronoun The smiling child waved. -But can appear after…

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What is a participle
What is a participle?

  • A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. This word usually ends in –ing or

  • –ed

  • Examples: smiling, trotting, abandoned

    -Usually placed before a noun or pronoun

  • The smiling child waved.

    -But can appear after…

  • The horses trotting past were not frightened by the crowd.


Present and past participles
Present and Past Participles

  • Present participles: end in –ing

  • Past participles: end in –edor

    –d, –en, -t


Present participles
Present Participles

  • End in –ing and represent an action that is ongoing or incomplete

  • Ex: "Squeaking chairs and shuffling shoes broke the anxious silence" (pg. 39).


Past participles
Past Participles

  • Participles end in –ed, -d, -en, or –t

  • Describe a completed action or a state of the thing spoken of

  • Ex: "She opened her mouth to speak, but a quick glance at her husband brought a frightened look to her eyes" (pg. 49).


Steps to identifying the participle
Steps to identifying the participle

  • 1. Label all the nouns(& p.n.) in the sentence.

  • 2. Underline the words ending in ing/ed

  • 3. Label the main verb.

  • 4. See if the participle is part of a phrase AND if it is modifying a noun or pronoun.

  • 5. Draw an arrow to the word it’s modifying.


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