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3.10 The Road to Persia. After the Peloponnesian War, Sparta tried to dominate the other Greek city-states like Athens did In reaction to this, new alliance were made against Sparta. The Rule of Sparta. For a brief time, Thebes defeated the Spartans and assumed Greek leadership

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the rule of sparta

After the Peloponnesian War, Sparta tried to dominate the other Greek city-states like Athens did

  • In reaction to this, new alliance were made against Sparta
The Rule of Sparta
the rule of sparta1

For a brief time, Thebes defeated the Spartans and assumed Greek leadership

  • It was able to do this with the advancements of new military tactics
The Rule of Sparta
philip of macedonia

The key figure in Macedonia in the battles with the Greeks was Philip the Great

  • As a hostage in Thebes for threeyears, he had learned the newtactics of the Thebans
Philip of Macedonia
philip of macedonia1

He created a professional army with a strong cavalry and more flexible units on the battlefield

  • Philip was able to unite his country, and also defeat the Greeks at the Battle of Chaeronaea in 338 BCE
Philip of Macedonia
philip of macedonia2

For the first time, all mainland Greeks were under the rule of a single leader

  • It is likely that Philip had planned on turning the Greeksagainst their old enemies thePersians, but Philip was killedby one of his own officersat a wedding celebration.
Philip of Macedonia
alexander the great

After Philip’s death, rule fell to his 20 year old son Alexander

  • He was a student of Aristotle and one of the most successful military leaders the world has known
  • In 334 BCE Alexander set out to conquer the Persians
Alexander the Great
alexander the great1

He conquered as far east as India with a relatively small army of 35 000 foot soldiers

  • With the Persians defeated in 331 BCE all of the land and wealth of the Persians fell into Alexander’s hands
  • This was not enough
Alexander the Great
alexander the great3

He tried to make Greek culture and language a kind of common uniting force

  • He also respected the customs and laws of the peoples that he had conquered
Alexander the Great
alexander the great4

Also encouraged all of the leaders of the conquered lands to help him rule the various parts of his empire

Alexander died before his 33rd birthday due to an illness

Alexander the Great
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