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The History of the Tuba. SARA ELIZABETH LARSON. Tuba general information. Foundation of the band Lowest pitched instrument Dates back to Roman times Two main Ancestors: Ophicleide and the Serpent. The Serpent. Low pitched wind instrument. Mouthpiece like a brass instrument

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The history of the tuba

The History of the Tuba

SARA ELIZABETH LARSON


Tuba general information
Tuba general information

Foundation of the band

Lowest pitched instrument

Dates back to Roman times

Two main Ancestors: Ophicleide and the Serpent


The serpent
The Serpent

  • Low pitched wind instrument.

  • Mouthpiece like a brass instrument

  • Bent in a way that makes it look like a snake.

  • Side holes

  • Ancestor of the tuba because of the low pitch


Ophicleide

  • Replaced the Serpent

  • Was replaced by the tuba

  • Shaped like a brass instrument by the way is coiled.

  • Uses nine to twelve keys instead of valves.

  • Still around today.

Ophicleide


The tuba
The Tuba

  • Invented by Wilhelm Wieprecht and Johann Gottfried Moritz.

  • Invented for the Prussian Army

  • Prussian Army loved the tuba after it was made.

  • Other countries started to make their own forms of the tuba.


Marching tuba
Marching Tuba

The tuba was designed to be put on a person’s shoulder.

Sits on left shoulder

Right hand going across body to reach valves

The bell of the tuba is facing forwards


Sitting tuba
Sitting tuba

  • Sits on the chair with you

  • Sits towards the right side of the player

  • Mouthpiece situated to the left

  • Normally used in concert bands, Symphony’s, and orchestras


Sousaphone
Sousaphone

  • Was not invented by John Phillip Sousa.

  • J. W. Pepper invented the Sousaphone 1893.

  • Named it after John Phillip Sousa because of Sousa’s suggestions.

  • Wraps around the tuba-ist body. Sits on the players left shoulder and right hip. The valves sit on the middle of the instrument.

  • The bell of the sousaphone can go one of two ways

    • It can face straight up in the air

    • It can also curve and face towards the front.



Wagner tuba
Wagner Tuba

  • Made not to long after the first tuba

  • Somewhat smaller than the regular tuba

  • It has four vavles instead of three valves.


Selection for performing
Selection for performing

Sonata for Tuba and Piano

(with the exception of the piano)


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