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Acting as if You are Hypnotized. Maggie Schedl and Shiori Tomatsu. Clearing A Few Things Up About Hypnosis. Common beliefs: mysterious, powerful, control minds, going under trance Reality: increased motivation to perform tasks No trances or altered states!. History.

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acting as if you are hypnotized

Acting as if You are Hypnotized

Maggie Schedl and Shiori Tomatsu

clearing a few things up about hypnosis
Clearing A Few Things Up About Hypnosis
  • Common beliefs: mysterious, powerful, control minds, going under trance
  • Reality: increased motivation to perform tasks
  • No trances or altered states!
history
History
  • 1733-1815: Franz Anton Mesmer

-soft music, dim lights, creepy guy in sorcerer clothes, and iron rods

-Success?

Others include: Freud, Ernest Hilgard

-Nicholas Spanos: “hypnosis” buster

why we think hypnosis is an altered state of mind
Why We Think Hypnosis Is An Altered State of Mind
  • Involuntary action, outside force
  • Creates expectations which subjects want to be consistent with
  • Wording: “your arm is very light and is rising” vs. “raise your arm”
  • We get too absorbed into process
spanos experiments
Spanos Experiments
  • Experiment 1: Lecture about hypnosis
  • Experiment 2: Visual Imagery under hypnosis
  • Experiment 3: Insensitivity to pain- analgesia effect

Results: Hypnotic behavior not caused by altered state of consciousness

key points
Key Points
  • Intention to cooperate with hypnotist and expectation to be able to do so
  • Both assumptions help hypnosis work
  • Not an altered state of consciousness!!
hypnosis today
Hypnosis Today
  • Still useful method of helping people improve problems in life
  • Use of hypnosis for memory/proof of crime
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