SOCIAL COGNITION. How we process information about other people and draw conclusions about them. ATTRIBUTION. Attibution = giving reasons for why things happen Foundations of attribution theories :
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Howweprocessinformationaboutotherpeople and drawconclusionsaboutthem
Heider 1944: need to makesense of the social world need to developideas and theoriesabout the causesunderlyingbehaviour
- causesarelyingeitherwithin the person (adispositionalattribution) orwithin the situation (a situationalattribution)
Decidingwhether action is deliberateornot Ifyes, matching of a behaviourwith a personalcharacteristic: correspondentinference
Weneed to judgewhether an action is intentional
Wemakedistinctionbetweendispositional and situationalattributions
2) Kelley’scovariationmodel 1967;1973
Whenmakingjudgement on whethercauses for someone’sbehaviouraredispositional of situationalwe look for threekinds of causalinformation:
a) consensus: the extent to whichotherpeoplebehave the sameway
b) distinctiveness: the extent to whichonebehaves the sameway in comparablesituations
c) consistency: the extent to whichone’sbehaviour is stableovertime
Describe the role of situational and dispositionalfactors in explainingbehaviour
“Describe: Give a detailed account.”
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