Provincial america the struggle for a continent
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Provincial America & the Struggle for a Continent. Chapter 4. Progress in the Colonies 18 th century. Population doubled every 25 yrs - need for colleges, doctors, craftsmen, etc - wealthy settlers & landowners - mansions - Colonies began to modernize.

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Provincial america the struggle for a continent

Provincial America & the Struggle for a Continent

Chapter 4


Progress in the colonies 18 th century

Progress in the Colonies 18th century

Population doubled every 25 yrs

- need for colleges, doctors, craftsmen, etc

- wealthy settlers & landowners

- mansions

- Colonies began to modernize


Early harvard cambridge mass

Early Harvard (Cambridge, Mass)

  • Founded in 1636,Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States


College of william mary

College of William & Mary

  • Located in Virginia, William and Mary was founded in 1693 by a Royal Charter issued by the King William III & Queen Mary II of England. It has educated U.S. presidents Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and John Tyler


Other colleges

Other Colleges

  • 1746- Princeton (New Jersey)

  • 1740- University of Pennsylvania

  • 1754- Columbia University (New York)

  • 1764- Brown University (R.I)

  • 1766- Rutgers, New Jersey

  • 1769- Dartmouth (New Hampshire)


Expansion of the colonies

Expansion of the Colonies

  • Immigration at all time high in colonies

    - 1730- 650k settlers

    - 1775- over 1 million

  • Indian concern


Slaves in the south

Slaves in the South

  • Slave trade reached peak during 18th century

    - 90% of slaves to southern colonies

    - 70% of S. Carolina’s pop by 1720

    - created old south (slave plantations)

    - south- dependent on slaves

    - treatment of slaves in south


Back country

Back Country

  • Life in mountain regions of the Carolinas

    - farming & hunting

    - limited gov’t control

    - use of alcohol & clash with Indians


Age of enlightenment

Age of Enlightenment

  • asserted that human knowledge would improve society


World of print

World of Print

  • Impact of printing press

  • William Bradford

    - 1st printer in Philadelphia (1680)

  • Boston (8 printers by 1740)

  • Printing sparked American Enlightenment


Benjamin franklin

Benjamin Franklin

  • 1732- Franklin’s Pennsylvania Gazette

  • best edited paper in America


Benjamin franklin1

Benjamin Franklin

  • Intellectual debate almost non-existent

    - Franklin’s Junto Society (1727)

    - American Philosophical Society

  • Franklin’s inventions


Poor richards almanac

Poor Richards Almanac


Conflicts in the colonies

Conflicts in the Colonies


Conflict w spain

Conflict w/ Spain

  • Spanish (FL) offered freedom to slaves

  • Stono Rebellion (S.C.)

    - largest slave revolt in colonies history

    - stole weapons / 25 killed


Georgia the failure of an enlightened utopia

Georgia: The failure of an Enlightened Utopia

  • King George II (1727-60)

    - founded in 1732

    - populate with England’s “worthy poor”

    - protection S. Carolina

    - laws of Georgia / Savannah

    - population slump

    - became another S. C. by 1752


North american settlements of britain france

North American settlements of Britain & France


French indian war 1756 1763

French & Indian War(1756-1763)

  • Settlements (p 119)

  • English desire to expand westward

  • conflicts w/ France (Ohio Valley)

    - French & Indian trade

  • Virginia sends Washington


French indian war continue

French & Indian War (continue)

  • Washington’s orders (1754)

    Albany Congress (align w/ Iroquois)

    - Franklin’s political cartoon (p 120)


French indian war continue1

French & Indian War (continue)

  • 1756- war officially declared

  • British gather force of 60,000

  • British make peace w/ Indians by 1758

    - promise of land


End of war

End of war

  • Spain’s neutrality

  • British concentrate on New France

    - 3 pronged war [p124]

  • Treaty of Paris ends war in 1763

    - Britain acquired all of North America east of the Mississippi except for New Orleans (p 131)


Conclusion

conclusion

  • France gives up American settlements

  • Britain now dominant power in North America

  • Spain ceded Florida

  • British proclamation line

  • Angers Indians


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