The origin and history of satan
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The Origin and History of Satan. An SCF Seminar presented by Chad Venters. Ruining Lifelong Friendships. Special Thanks. Two amazing researchers Nancy Whitten- Ancient Deities Kristin Burford - Problem of Evil. Have Fun and Glean What You Can. Genesis 3:1-5, 14.

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The Origin and History of Satan

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The origin and history of satan

The Origin and History of Satan

An SCF Seminar presented by Chad Venters


Ruining lifelong friendships

Ruining Lifelong Friendships


Special thanks

Special Thanks

  • Two amazing researchers

  • Nancy Whitten- Ancient Deities

  • Kristin Burford- Problem of Evil


Have fun and glean what you can

Have Fun and Glean What You Can


Genesis 3 1 5 14

Genesis 3:1-5, 14

  • Now the serpent was more crafty than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?”


Genesis 3 1 5 141

Genesis 3:1-5, 14

  • The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat;

  • but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’ ”


Genesis 3 1 5

Genesis 3:1-5

  • The serpent said to the woman, “You surely will not die!

  • “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”


Genesis 3 14 15

Genesis 3:14-15

  • The Lord God said to the serpent,

  • “Because you have done this,

  • Cursed are you more than all cattle,

  • And more than every beast of the field;

  • On your belly you will go,

  • And dust you will eat

  • All the days of your life;


Genesis 3 14 151

Genesis 3:14-15

  • And I will put enmity

  • Between you and the woman,

  • And between your seed and her seed;

  • He shall bruise you on the head,

  • And you shall bruise him on the heel.”


Satan

Satan


Lucifer

Lucifer


The devil

The Devil


Azazel

Azazel


Beelzebul

Beelzebul


Miley cyrus

Miley Cyrus


Beelzebul1

Beelzebul


Satan in the old testament

Satan in the Old Testament


What is in a word

What is in a word?

  • The word שָׂטָן means “adversary”, “accuser”

  • Use of this word does not imply a supernatural being


1 sam 29 4

1 Sam. 29:4

  • Make the man go back, that he may return to his place where you have assigned him, and do not let him go down to battle with us, or in the battle he may become an adversary to us.


2 sam 19 22

2 Sam. 19:22

  • David then said, “What have I to do with you, O sons of Zeruiah, that you should this day be an adversary to me?”


Supernatural satan

Supernatural Satan


Balaam

Balaam


Num 22 22 35

Num. 22:22-35

  • But God was angry because he was going, and the angel of the Lord took his stand in the way as an adversary against him. Now he was riding on his donkey and his two servants were with him.


Num 22 22 351

Num. 22:22-35

  • When the donkey saw the angel of the Lord, she lay down under Balaam; so Balaam was angry and struck the donkey with his stick.


Num 22 22 352

Num. 22:22-35

  • And the Lord opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, “What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?”


The origin and history of satan

Job


Job 1 6 12

Job 1:6-12

  • Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them. The Lord said to Satan, “From where do you come?” Then Satan answered the Lord and said, “From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it.”


Job 1 6 121

Job 1:6-12

  • The Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, fearing God and turning away from evil.”

  • Then Satan answered the Lord, “Does Job fear God for nothing?


Job 1 6 122

Job 1:6-12

  • “Have You not made a hedge about him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land.


Job 1 6 123

Job 1:6-12

  • “But put forth Your hand now and touch all that he has; he will surely curse You to Your face.”

  • Then the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, all that he has is in your power, only do not put forth your hand on him.” So Satan departed from the presence of the Lord.


Job 2 1 7

Job 2:1-7

  • Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the Lord. The Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” Then Satan answered the Lord and said,


Job 2 1 71

Job 2:1-7

  • “From roaming about on the earth and walking around on it.”

  • The Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job? For there is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man fearing God and turning away from evil.


Job 2 1 72

Job 2:1-7

  • And he still holds fast his integrity, although you incited Me against him to ruin him without cause.”

  • Satan answered the Lord and said, “Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life.


Job 2 1 73

Job 2:1-7

  • “However, put forth Your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh; he will curse You to Your face.”

  • So the Lord said to Satan, “Behold, he is in your power, only spare his life.”


Job 2 1 74

Job 2:1-7

  • Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.


Notes

Notes

  • Sons of God in Job are angelic beings

  • Satan is a translation of ha satan, which means “the adversary”

  • This being is allowed into the presence of God and works with God’s permission


1 chronicles 2 samuel passages

1 Chronicles/2 Samuel Passages


1 chron 21 1 3

1 Chron. 21:1-3

  • Then Satan stood up against Israel and moved David to number Israel.

  • So David said to Joab and to the princes of the people, “Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan, and bring me word that I may know their number.”


1 chron 21 1 31

1 Chron. 21:1-3

  • Joab said, “May the Lord add to His people a hundred times as many as they are! But, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? Why does my lord seek this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt to Israel?”


2 sam 24 1 3

2 Sam. 24:1-3

  • Now again the anger of the Lord burned against Israel, and it incited David against them to say, “Go, number Israel and Judah.”

  • The king said to Joab the commander of the army who was with him,


2 sam 24 1 31

2 Sam. 24:1-3

  • “Go about now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, and register the people, that I may know the number of the people.”


Zechariah

Zechariah


Zech 3 1 4

Zech. 3:1-4

  • Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him.


Zech 3 1 41

Zech. 3:1-4

  • The Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! Indeed, the Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?”


Zech 3 1 42

Zech. 3:1-4

  • Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments and standing before the angel.

  • He spoke and said to those who were standing before him, saying,


Zech 3 1 43

Zech. 3:1-4

  • “Remove the filthy garments from him.” Again he said to him, “See, I have taken your iniquity away from you and will clothe you with festal robes.”


Two important ambiguous passages

Two Important Ambiguous Passages


Common beliefs

Common Beliefs

  • Satan was once a perfect angel

  • He was cast out of heaven for rebelling against God

  • Is. 14 and Ez. 28 contribute to these beliefs


Isaiah 14 12 15

Isaiah 14:12-15

  • “How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn!

  • You have been cut down to the earth, You who have weakened the nations!


Isaiah 14 12 151

Isaiah 14:12-15

  • “But you said in your heart,

  • ‘I will ascend to heaven;

  • I will raise my throne above the stars of God, And I will sit on the mount of assembly

  • In the recesses of the north.


Isaiah 14 12 152

Isaiah 14:12-15

  • ‘I will ascend above the heights of the clouds;

  • I will make myself like the Most High.’


Isaiah 14 12 153

Isaiah 14:12-15

  • “Nevertheless you will be thrust down to Sheol, To the recesses of the pit.


Further analysis

Further Analysis

  • This a is taunt to the king of Babylon

  • The morning star is where Lucifer comes from

  • The image is probably Canaanite mythology


Ez 28 12 16

Ez. 28:12-16

  • “Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord God


Ez 28 12 161

Ez. 28:12-16

  • “You had the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.Youwere in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering…


Ez 28 12 162

Ez. 28:12-16

  • “You were the anointed cherub who covers, And I placed you there. You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked in the midst of the stones of fire.


Ez 28 12 163

Ez. 28:12-16

  • “You were blameless in your ways

  • From the day you were created

  • Until unrighteousness was found in you.


Ez 28 12 164

Ez. 28:12-16

  • “By the abundance of your trade

  • You were internally filled with violence,

  • And you sinned;


Ez 28 12 165

Ez. 28:12-16

  • Therefore I have cast you as profane

  • From the mountain of God.

  • And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub,


Further analysis1

Further Analysis

  • Judgment of Tyre

  • Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia, Sidon and Egypt all judged in passage

  • Stronger possibility than Is. 14 in my opinion


Between two testaments

Between Two Testaments


Observations

Observations

  • Satan does not appear often in the OT

  • Satan is far more present in the NT

  • The curious case of Beelzebul


Mt 12 24 29

Mt. 12:24-29

  • But when the Pharisees heard this, they said, “This man casts out demons only by Beelzebul the ruler of the demons.”


Mt 12 24 291

Mt. 12:24-29

  • And knowing their thoughts Jesus said to them, “Any kingdom divided against itself is laid waste; and any city or house divided against itself will not stand.


Mt 12 24 292

Mt. 12:24-29

  • “If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom stand?


Mt 12 24 293

Mt. 12:24-29

  • “If I by Beelzebul cast out demons, by whom do your sons cast them out? For this reason they will be your judges.”


Beelzebul2

Beelzebul

  • Likely a derivative of Baal- Zebub(2 Ki. 1:2)

  • Baal was a Canaanite deity, name means “lord”

  • Between OT and NT became demonic


Between ot nt

Between OT & NT

  • OT documents finished by 300BC

  • 1st NT document written in 50’s AD

  • Lots of history between


1 enoch

1 Enoch


Azazel asael

Azazel (Asael)

  • “He shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the doorway of the tent of meeting.


Azazel asael1

Azazel (Asael)

  • “Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for the scapegoat (עֲזָאזֵל).

  • Lev. 16:8


Azazel asael2

Azazel (Asael)

  • “And all the earth was made desolate by the deeds of the teaching of Asael, and over him write all the sins.” (1 Enoch 4:8)


Azazel asael3

Azazel (Asael)

  • “For whom are these chains being prepared?” And he said to me, “These are being prepared for the host of Azazel…


Azazel asael4

Azazel (Asael)

  • that they might take them and throw them into the abyss of complete judgment (1 Enoch 54:4-5)


Jubilees

Jubilees


Jubilees1

Jubilees

  • And the prince Mastêmâ came and said before God, 'Behold, Abraham loves Isaac his son, and he delights in him above all things else; bid him offer him as a burnt-offering on the altar (17:16)


What happened

What happened?

  • In 586BC, Judah was deported to Babylon

  • In 539BC Persia conquered Babylon

  • Jews were exposed to new religions


Tiamat

Tiamat


Angra mainyu

AngraMainyu


Problem of satan

Problem of Satan

  • Satan becomes much more predominant in NT

  • Some scholars see no Satan prior to exile

  • Satan was borrowed from Zoroastriansim


The origin and history of satan

Job

  • A very old text

  • Many argue Satan was added into Job

  • No real need for this


Take 5

Take 5


The new testament

The New Testament


Satan in the gospels

Satan in the Gospels


Matthew 4 1 11

Matthew 4:1-11

  • Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.

  • And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry.


Matthew 4 1 111

Matthew 4:1-11

  • And the tempter came and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”


Matthew 4 1 112

Matthew 4:1-11

  • But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.’ ”


Matthew 4 1 113

Matthew 4:1-11

  • Then the devil took Him into the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and *said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down;


Matthew 4 1 114

Matthew 4:1-11

  • for it is written,

  • ‘He will command His angels concerning You’; and

  • ‘Ontheirhands they will bear You up,


Matthew 4 1 115

Matthew 4:1-11

  • So that You will not strike Your foot against a stone.’ ”Jesus said to him, “On the other hand, it is written,


Matthew 4 1 116

Matthew 4:1-11

  • ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’ ”

  • Again, the devil *took Him to a very high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world


Matthew 4 1 117

Matthew 4:1-11

  • and their glory; and he said to Him, “All these things I will give You, if You fall down and worship me.” Then Jesus said to him,


Matthew 4 1 118

Matthew 4:1-11

  • “Go, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, andserve Him only.’ ”


Demonic activity

Demonic Activity

  • Satan tempts Jesus like Adam and Eve

  • Jesus was known as a powerful exorcist

  • His exorcisms were violent in nature


Mark 1 23 26

Mark 1:23-26

  • Just then there was a man in their synagogue with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, saying, “What business do we have with each other, Jesus of Nazareth?


Mark 1 23 261

Mark 1:23-26

  • Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!” And Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!”


Mark 1 23 262

Mark 1:23-26

  • Throwing him into convulsions, the unclean spirit cried out with a loud voice and came out of him.


Luke 13 11 15

Luke 13:11-15

  • And there was a woman who for eighteen years had had a sickness caused by a spirit; and she was bent double, and could not straighten up at all.


Luke 13 11 151

Luke 13:11-15

  • And He laid His hands on her; and immediately she was made erect again and began glorifying God…


Luke 13 11 152

Luke 13:11-15

  • “And this woman, a daughter of Abraham as she is, whom Satan has bound for eighteen long years, should she not have been released from this bond on the Sabbath day?”


Luke 22 31 32

Luke 22:31-32

  • “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded permission to sift you like wheat;


Luke 22 31 321

Luke 22:31-32

  • but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.”


Luke 22 31 322

Luke 22:31-32

  • but I have prayed for you, that your faith may not fail; and you, when once you have turned again, strengthen your brothers.”


Luke 22 3

Luke 22:3

  • And Satan entered into Judas who was called Iscariot, belonging to the number of the twelve.


Satan in paul

Satan in Paul


1 cor 5 1 5

1 Cor. 5:1-5

  • It is actually reported that there is immorality among you, and immorality of such a kind as does not exist even among the Gentiles,


1 cor 5 1 51

1 Cor. 5:1-5

  • that someone has his father’s wife. I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his flesh,


1 cor 5 1 52

1 Cor. 5:1-5

  • so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.


2 cor 11 13 14

2 Cor. 11:13-14

  • For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.


2 cor 11 13 141

2 Cor. 11:13-14

  • No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.


2 cor 12 7

2 Cor. 12:7

  • Because of the surpassing greatness of the revelations, for this reason, to keep me from exalting myself,


2 cor 12 71

2 Cor. 12:7

  • there was given me a thorn in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to torment me—to keep me from exalting myself!


Satan in 1 peter

Satan in 1 Peter


1 peter 5 8

1 Peter 5:8

  • Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.


Satan in revelation

Satan in Revelation


Revelation 12

Revelation 12

  • A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars;


Revelation 121

Revelation 12

  • and she was with child; and she cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth. Then another sign appeared in heaven:


Revelation 122

Revelation 12

  • and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems.


Revelation 123

Revelation 12

  • And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth.


Revelation 124

Revelation 12

  • And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.


Revelation 125

Revelation 12

  • And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne…


Revelation 126

Revelation 12

  • And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war,


Revelation 127

Revelation 12

  • and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven.


Revelation 128

Revelation 12

  • And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world;


Revelation 129

Revelation 12

  • he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.


Lost authority

Lost Authority

  • The seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your name.”


Lost authority1

Lost Authority

  • And He said to them, “I was watching Satan fall from heaven like lightning. Behold, I have given you authority (Lk. 10:17)


Revelation 13

Revelation 13

  • And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore.

  • Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads,


Revelation 131

Revelation 13

  • and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names.


Revelation 20

Revelation 20

  • Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand.


Revelation 201

Revelation 20

  • When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison,


Revelation 202

Revelation 20

  • and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth..


Revelation 203

Revelation 20

  • And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone,


Revelation 204

Revelation 20

  • where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.


Satan through the centuries

Satan Through the Centuries


Why is this

Why is this?


Justin martyr

Justin Martyr

  • “Since of old these evil demons, effecting apparitions of themselves, both defiled women and corrupted boys, and showed such fearful sights to men,


Justin martyr1

Justin Martyr

  • and being carried away by fear, and not knowing that these were demons, they called them gods.”


Period of transition

Period of Transition

  • Jewish movement became a Gentile movement

  • Gentile converts were polytheists

  • Reacted against the pantheon of gods


Positions to consider

Positions to Consider

  • Satan is a construct of religious exposure and imagination to explain evil

  • Satan is a real enemy


Keyword subtlety

Keyword: Subtlety


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