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Risk Communication. TOXINS. EXPOSURE. HEALTH EFFECT. CHEMICAL. AMOUNTS. Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy. During Spraying. +. +. In the household. Mapping of Thai Villages in Preparation for Studies. IPM Graduates Planning Self Reporting Meeting (Indonesia).

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Risk Communication

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Risk communication

Risk Communication


Risk communication

TOXINS

EXPOSURE

HEALTH EFFECT

CHEMICAL

AMOUNTS

Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy

During Spraying

+

+

In the household


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Mapping of Thai Villages in Preparation for Studies


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IPM Graduates Planning Self Reporting Meeting

(Indonesia)


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TRAINING PROCESS

  • Five Day Training

  • Day 1 & Day 2: Classroom exercises homework to practice data collection

  • Day 3: Sample data collection

  • Day 4: Data analysis

  • Day 5: Feedback to Community


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Thai children analyzing data from the field


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1. PESTICIDES IN USE

Thai children identifying pesticides in use


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HOUSEHOLD PESTICIDES house #____

Brand name:_____________________

Common name: ___________________

Type: ___________________________

Chemical Family:__________________ (optional fill in later in class)

LD50 value :­­­­_______________________(optional fill in later in class)

WHO class:______________________ ( fill in later in class)

Can you smell it?______

Is it leaking?_______

Is it open?_________


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Brand Name

Type

Active Ingredient (common name)

Chemical Family

WHO Hazard Level

Folidol

In

methyl parathion

Op

Ia

Monitor

In

methamidophos

Op

Ib

Pesticide Classification


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Pile Sorting Pesticides

IPM trainers sorting pesticides by WHO hazard levels


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Pesticide Classification by WHO Hazard Level and Chemical Family for Community Presentation

WHO HAZARD LEVELS

CHEMICAL FAMILIES

  • Ia Extremely Hazardous

  • Methly parathion- FOLIDOL

  • Mevinphos-PHOSDRIN

  • OP-organophosphates

  • Methly parathion- FOLIDOL

  • Mevinphos-PHOSDRIN

  • Methamidophos-MONITOR

  • Monocrotophos-AZODRIN

  • Methamidophos-MONITOR

  • Ib Highly Hazardous

  • Methamidophos-MONITOR

  • Monocrotophos-AZODRIN

  • Methomyl-LANNATE

  • C-Carbamates

  • Methomyl-LANNATE

  • Carbyl- SEVIN

  • II –Moderately Hazardously

  • Endosulfan – THIODAN

  • Paraquat – GRAMOXONE

  • Carbyl- SEVIN

  • Deltamethrin-DECIS

  • DDT

  • Cypermethrin-VISHER

  • OC-Organochlorines

  • Endosulfan – THIODAN

  • DDT

  • PY-Pyrethroids

  • Deltamethrin-DECIS

  • Cypermethrin-VISHER


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Results of Community Pesticide Survey in Cambodia

Where Farmers Cannot Read the Labels


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Pesticide Book Made by Thai School Children for Their Village


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Community Feedback

Pesticides sorted by Chemical Family in Community Meeting (Cambodia)


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Community Feedback Meeting Demonstrating How to Read Pesticide Labels

(Cambodia)


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AMOUNT OF PESTICIDE SOLUTION USED BY FARMERS

Farmer

a.

Tank size lt.

b.

tanks /session

c.

sessions

per week

d.

# weeks

per season

e.

sessions/

season

(c*d)

f.

seasons per year

Liters exposure per year

a*b*e*f

 Farmer- now

Farmer-IPM

Total-now

Total-IPM

2. Estimating Amounts of Pesticide Use per Year

 fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season.

 fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season.


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Farmer Interviewing Another Farmer about Amounts of Pesticides Used (Vietnam)


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3. EXPOSURE DURING SRAYING

Farmers Drawing Common Spray Practices

(Sri Lanka)


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3. Exposure During Spraying

spraying up wind 50% (Indo)

Smoking 35% (Indo)

leaking tank 75% (Thai)

pesticide on hands (100%)

wet back 100% (Thai-Indo


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hats 69%

goggles 7%

masks 36%

wet 98%

long sleeves 56%

gloves 4%

long skirt/pants 57%

wet 98%

rubber boots 10%

wet 91%

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Data Summary (n=1067)


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Thai children’s presentation for parents on exposure


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Thai children’s presentation for parents on hazardous behaviors that increase contamination pathways/risks


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Women Farmers Preparing Data Summary for Community Meeting on Exposure and Personal Protection Equipment

(Vietnam)


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Garbage area:

4. HOUSEHOLD MAPPING

water storage =

cooking area =

pesticides =

food storage =


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Thai Students Displaying the Results of their Household Survey


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Thai Household Details for Parents


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Body Mapping with Cotton Farmers in India


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5. Signs and Symptoms of Acute Pesticide Poisoning: Body Mapping


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Before spray

After spray

Next morning

=

Pesticide related?

+

+

+

=

No or chronic effect

+

+

0

=

No

+

0

+

=

Unclear maybe (late effect or another problem)

+

0

0

=

No

0

0

0

=

No

0

0

+

=

Yes (late effect)

0

+

0

=

Yes (short effect)

0

+

+

=

Yes (prolonged effect)

Exercise to Interpret if Signs and Symptoms are Pesticide Related


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Exam for tremors

(Vietnam)


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Examining for Gait Disorders

(Indonesia)


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Presenting Surveillance Data at Community Meeting

(Vietnam)


Community self surveillance

Community Self Surveillance

Sri Lanka


Ppe personal protective equipment

PPE Personal Protective Equipment


And more ppe

And More PPE


Parent activity questions

Parent Activity Questions

  • Source of food and water

  • Parent occupation?

  • Shower after working before holding children?

  • Work clothes and shoes in the house?

  • Laundry practices ?

  • Use household pesticides ?

  • Garden pesticides ?

  • House and car cleaning ?

  • Pesticide storage?

  • Location of day care?

  • House near fields?


Key household safety points

Key Household Safety Points

“ Partly Trained Gorillas Always Run Down Streets Doing Cartwheels”

  • Proximity

  • Take home

  • Garden

  • Animals

  • Recycle

  • Decant

  • Storage

  • Disposal

  • Child play/daycare


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