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Risk Communication. TOXINS. EXPOSURE. HEALTH EFFECT. CHEMICAL. AMOUNTS. Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy. During Spraying. +. +. In the household. Mapping of Thai Villages in Preparation for Studies. IPM Graduates Planning Self Reporting Meeting (Indonesia).

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slide2

TOXINS

EXPOSURE

HEALTH EFFECT

CHEMICAL

AMOUNTS

Community Self Assessment as a Health Education Strategy

During Spraying

+

+

In the household

slide5

TRAINING PROCESS

  • Five Day Training
  • Day 1 & Day 2: Classroom exercises homework to practice data collection
  • Day 3: Sample data collection
  • Day 4: Data analysis
  • Day 5: Feedback to Community
slide7

1. PESTICIDES IN USE

Thai children identifying pesticides in use

slide8

HOUSEHOLD PESTICIDES house #____

Brand name:_____________________

Common name: ___________________

Type: ___________________________

Chemical Family:__________________ (optional fill in later in class)

LD50 value :­­­­_______________________(optional fill in later in class)

WHO class:______________________ ( fill in later in class)

Can you smell it?______

Is it leaking?_______

Is it open?_________

slide9

Brand Name

Type

Active Ingredient (common name)

Chemical Family

WHO Hazard Level

Folidol

In

methyl parathion

Op

Ia

Monitor

In

methamidophos

Op

Ib

Pesticide Classification

slide10

Pile Sorting Pesticides

IPM trainers sorting pesticides by WHO hazard levels

slide11

Pesticide Classification by WHO Hazard Level and Chemical Family for Community Presentation

WHO HAZARD LEVELS

CHEMICAL FAMILIES

  • Ia Extremely Hazardous
  • Methly parathion- FOLIDOL
  • Mevinphos-PHOSDRIN
  • OP-organophosphates
  • Methly parathion- FOLIDOL
  • Mevinphos-PHOSDRIN
  • Methamidophos-MONITOR
  • Monocrotophos-AZODRIN
  • Methamidophos-MONITOR
  • Ib Highly Hazardous
  • Methamidophos-MONITOR
  • Monocrotophos-AZODRIN
  • Methomyl-LANNATE
  • C-Carbamates
  • Methomyl-LANNATE
  • Carbyl- SEVIN
  • II –Moderately Hazardously
  • Endosulfan – THIODAN
  • Paraquat – GRAMOXONE
  • Carbyl- SEVIN
  • Deltamethrin-DECIS
  • DDT
  • Cypermethrin-VISHER
  • OC-Organochlorines
  • Endosulfan – THIODAN
  • DDT
  • PY-Pyrethroids
  • Deltamethrin-DECIS
  • Cypermethrin-VISHER
slide12

Results of Community Pesticide Survey in Cambodia

Where Farmers Cannot Read the Labels

slide14

Community Feedback

Pesticides sorted by Chemical Family in Community Meeting (Cambodia)

slide16

AMOUNT OF PESTICIDE SOLUTION USED BY FARMERS

Farmer

a.

Tank size lt.

b.

tanks /session

c.

sessions

per week

d.

# weeks

per season

e.

sessions/

season

(c*d)

f.

seasons per year

Liters exposure per year

a*b*e*f

 Farmer- now

Farmer-IPM

Total-now

Total-IPM

2. Estimating Amounts of Pesticide Use per Year

 fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season.

 fill in column ‘c.’ and ‘d.’only if spraying on a weekly basis. Otherwise use column ‘e.’ showing how many spray sessions per season.

slide18

3. EXPOSURE DURING SRAYING

Farmers Drawing Common Spray Practices

(Sri Lanka)

slide19

3. Exposure During Spraying

spraying up wind 50% (Indo)

Smoking 35% (Indo)

leaking tank 75% (Thai)

pesticide on hands (100%)

wet back 100% (Thai-Indo

slide20

hats 69%

goggles 7%

masks 36%

wet 98%

long sleeves 56%

gloves 4%

long skirt/pants 57%

wet 98%

rubber boots 10%

wet 91%

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Data Summary (n=1067)

slide22

Thai children’s presentation for parents on hazardous behaviors that increase contamination pathways/risks

slide23

Women Farmers Preparing Data Summary for Community Meeting on Exposure and Personal Protection Equipment

(Vietnam)

slide24

Garbage area:

4. HOUSEHOLD MAPPING

water storage =

cooking area =

pesticides =

food storage =

slide29

Before spray

After spray

Next morning

=

Pesticide related?

+

+

+

=

No or chronic effect

+

+

0

=

No

+

0

+

=

Unclear maybe (late effect or another problem)

+

0

0

=

No

0

0

0

=

No

0

0

+

=

Yes (late effect)

0

+

0

=

Yes (short effect)

0

+

+

=

Yes (prolonged effect)

Exercise to Interpret if Signs and Symptoms are Pesticide Related

parent activity questions
Parent Activity Questions
  • Source of food and water
  • Parent occupation?
  • Shower after working before holding children?
  • Work clothes and shoes in the house?
  • Laundry practices ?
  • Use household pesticides ?
  • Garden pesticides ?
  • House and car cleaning ?
  • Pesticide storage?
  • Location of day care?
  • House near fields?
key household safety points
Key Household Safety Points

“ Partly Trained Gorillas Always Run Down Streets Doing Cartwheels”

  • Proximity
  • Take home
  • Garden
  • Animals
  • Recycle
  • Decant
  • Storage
  • Disposal
  • Child play/daycare
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