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Drugs and its Effect on One’s Behavior . Kinds of Drugs and its Effects: COCAINE. SHORT TERM EFFECTS: Increased blood pressure Constricted blood vessels Dilated pupils Mental alertness Increased energy Increased heart rate Decreased appetite Increased temperature.

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Kinds of drugs and its effects cocaine
Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:COCAINE

SHORT TERM EFFECTS:

  • Increased blood pressure

  • Constricted blood vessels

  • Dilated pupils

  • Mental alertness

  • Increased energy

  • Increased heart rate

  • Decreased appetite

  • Increased temperature


Kinds of drugs and its effects cocaine1
Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:COCAINE

LONG TERM EFFECTS (Physiological):

  • heart disease

  • heart attacks

  • respiratory failure

  • stroke

  • seizures

  • gastrointestinal problems

  • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS:

    convulsions, nausea, blurred vision, chest pain, fever, muscle spasms, and coma.


Kinds of drugs and its effects cocaine2
Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:COCAINE

LONG TERM EFFECTS (Psychological):

  • Addiction

  • Paranoia

  • Irritability

  • Restlessness

  • Auditory hallucinations

  • Mood disturbances


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:ECSTACY

SHORT TERM EFFECTS:

  • Confusion 

  • Sleep problems

  • Anxiety

  • Teeth clenching

  • Addiction

  • Paranoia

  • Nausea

  • Chills and sweating

  • Panic, depression,and paranoia.

  • Sleep problems

  • Reduced appetite


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:ECSTACY

LONG TERM EFFECTS:

  • Dehydration

  • Hypertension

  • Hyperthermia

  • Heart failure

  • Kidney failure


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:MARIJUANA

SHORT TERM EFFECTS:

  • Distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch)

  • Problems with memory and learning

  • Loss of coordination

  • Trouble with thinking and problem-solving

  • Increased heart rate

  • reduced blood pressure


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:MARIJUANA

LONG TERM EFFECTS:

  • Hallucinations

  • Delusions

  • Impaired memory

  • Disorientation

  • Daily cough and phlegm production

  • More frequent acute chest illnesses

  • Increased risk of lung infections

  • Obstructed airways


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:SHABU

SHORT TERM EFFECTS:

  • Heightened attention and energy

  • Excessive talking

  • Euphoria

  • Decreased fatigue

  • Increased activity

  • Increased sexuality

  • Decreased appetite

  • Increased respiration

  • Hyperthermia, occasionally leading to convulsions and lethal levels.


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:SHABU

LONG TERM EFFECTS:

  • Dependence

  • Anxiety

  • Confusion

  • insomnia 

  • Addiction

  • psychosis

  • Paranoia

  • Hallucinations (visual and auditory)

  • Mood disturbances 

  • Repetitive motor activity

  • Stroke

  • Weight loss

  • Violent behavior (homicidal or suicidal thoughts)

  • Disturbed sleep patterns

  • decreased sleep needs

  • Disinterest in usual social interactions, sex and food

  • Inflammation of the heart lining


Kinds of Drugs and its Effects:HEROIN

LONG TERM EFFECTS:

  • Slurred speech

  • Slow gait

  • Constricted pupils

  • Droopy eyelids

  • Impaired night vision

  • Respiratory depression or failure

  • Dry itching skin

  • Skin infections

  • Increased risk of exposure to HIV, hepatitis, and other infectiousdiseases if injected.


Effects of alcohol
Effects of ALCOHOL:

In LOW DOSES, alcohol produces:

  • a relaxing effect

  • reduces tension

  • lowers inhibitions

  • impairs concentration

  • slows reflexes

  • impairs reaction time

  • reduces coordination


Effects of alcohol1
Effects of ALCOHOL:

In MEDIUM DOSES, alcohol produces:

  • slur speech

  • cause drowsiness

  • alter emotions

    In HIGH DOSES, alcohol produces:

  • vomiting

  • breathing difficulties

  • unconsciousness

  • coma


Effects of alcohol2
Effects of ALCOHOL:


Effects of caffeine
Effects of CAFFEINE:

Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant. In moderate doses, caffeine can:

  • increase alertness

  • reduce fine motor coordination

  • cause insomnia

  • cause headaches, nervousness and dizziness


Effects of caffeine1
Effects of CAFFEINE:

  • Some studies show that caffeine causes physical dependence. One way to tell if someone "needs" that cup of coffee or bottle of Coke is to take it away from them and then see if they have any withdrawal symptoms. Typical withdrawal symptoms associated with caffeine are headache, fatigue and muscle pain. These symptoms can occur within 24 hours after the last dose of caffeine. One study has stated that the minimum consumption of caffeine for physical dependence is 4 cups of coffee per day. Other studies say that a few more cups of coffee are needed to develop dependence.


Effects of nicotine
Effects of NICOTINE:

  • Tobacco contains nicotine. Nicotine is a drug. Therefore, when people smoke or chew tobacco, they are using a drug.

    Smoking can be stimulating or relaxing - it depends on a person's mood and dosage of nicotine.

    The rapid effects of nicotine include:

  • Increases in blood pressure and heart rate

  • Faster respiration

  • Constriction of arteries

  • Stimulation of the central nervous system.


Effects of nicotine1
Effects of NICOTINE:

Long Term Effects:

  • increases the chances of cancer and results in addiction and dependence.

    It is clear though, that nicotine is one of the most addicting substances known...just ask anyone who has tried to quit smoking.

    Common withdrawal symptoms in people who are trying to "kick the habit" of tobacco include:

  • Anxiety

  • Depression

  • Headaches

  • Fatigue


Effects of nicotine2
Effects of NICOTINE:

UNHEALTHY LUNGS

HEALTHY LUNGS


Ingredients of drugs
Ingredients of Drugs:

Methamphetamine

  • Matches

  • hydrochloric acid

  • Iodine

  • Drano

  • Brake fluid

  • Ephedrine

  • Butane

  • Sodium hydroxide

  • Ether

  • Anyhdrous ammonia


Marijuana
Marijuana

  • Delta-9 TetraHydroCannabinol (THC )

    -extracted from the Cannabis Sativa plant


Inhalants
Inhalants

  • Volatile Solvents

    -paint thinner, dry-cleaning fluids, degreasers, gasoline, glue, correction fluid, and felt-tip marker fluid.

  • Aerosol

    -spray paint, deodorant, hair spray, vegetable oil spray for cooking, and fabric protector spray.

  • Gases

    - ether, chloroform, halothane, and nitrous oxide, commonly called "laughing gas.“

  • Nitrites

    - cyclohexyl nitrite, isoamyl (amyl) nitrite, and isobutyl (butyl) nitrite.


Cocaine
Cocaine

  • Coca leaf

    -cocaine hydrochloride

  • Cement

  • Ammonia

  • Calcium oxide

  • Sulphuric acid

  • Petrol


  • Other chemicals that are mixed together to process the coca leaves:

    - Succindialdehyde, sulfuric acid, sodium nitrite, Ba carbonate, lots of ethanol, distilled pyrrole, hydroxylamine hydrochloride, anhydrous sodium carbonate, sodium methoxide, dimethylcarbonate, ammonium chloride, chloroform, potassium carbonate, methyl acetate, NaOH solution, HCl acid, benzoic anhydride.


Heroin
Heroin leaves:

  • Opium Poppy Papaver somniferum

    -morphine

  • Substances that are cut with Heroin:

    Acetaminophen (Analgesic)Aminopyrine (Anti-inflammatory)Amitryptaline (Anti-depressant)Antipyrine (Body water measurement)


Benzoczine leaves: (Anesthetic)Caffeine (Stimulant)Cocaine (Stimulant)d-metamphetamine (Stimulant)Diphenhydramine (Anti-histamine)

Ephedrine (Stimulant)Lidocaine (Anesthetic)Hydroxyzine (Anxiety medication)

Methylparben (Chemical preservative)Methocarbamol (Muscle relaxant)Nabumetone (Arthritis treatment)Nicotinamide (Coenzyme)Phenylbutazone (Anti-inflammant)Phenylpropanlamine (Dexatrim / caffeine)Potassiumchloride (Potassium supplementRocaine (Local anesthetic)



Mdma methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MDMA leaves:(Methylenedioxymethamphetamine)

  • amphetamine (speed)

  • LSD (acid)

  • Caffeine

  • Ephedrine

  • Ketamine

  • Atropine

  • 4-MTA (4-methylthioamphetamine)

  • DXM (Dextromethorphan)


How we get addicted to drugs
How we get addicted to drugs: leaves:

  • The master brain chemical of addiction

  • Dopamine

    -transmits all of the pleasure signals

  • Drugs modify activity of various brain chemicals that cross pathways in the brain; dopamine could be the end result of all the pathways

  • Dopamine overload (esp. feelings of euphoria and bliss)


  • Craving behavior response can motivate substance abuse leaves:

  • When drug addict attempts to stop using the drugs will demand more of the drug to produce metabolites

  • Drug addict is caught in a trap

  • Appears inescapable unless an effective drug addiction treatment handles the condition.


Drugs
Drugs leaves:


Drug use
Drug use: leaves:


Effects of drug use
Effects of leaves:drug use:


Smoking
Smoking leaves:


Alcohol
Alcohol leaves:


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