Phy 3903 version 2003
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PHY 3903 version 2003. Gary W. Slater 3.oct.2003 [email protected] 613-562-5800 x6775 MCD 222 week #5. Writing = 40% your topic = 5%***** PRL format = 20% seminar = 15% Physique = 10% www Abstract=3%***** scholarship$ qq petits devoirs. Maple = 50%

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PHY 3903 version 2003

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Phy 3903 version 2003

PHY 3903version 2003

Gary W. Slater 3.oct.2003

[email protected]

613-562-5800 x6775

MCD 222week #5


Approx

Writing =40%

your topic = 5%*****

PRL format = 20%

seminar = 15%

Physique =10%

www

Abstract=3%*****

scholarship$

qq petits devoirs

Maple = 50%

6 weeks

5 assignments

1 longer problem/project

Assigments minus worst one above 50% = 40%

projet = 10%

%%%%%%Approx.%%%%%%


Schedule

Schedule

  • Vendredi/Friday 14:30-16:30/16:45

  • CUBE 202 + Vanier 061

  • ~ alternating: Maple/other

  • marker: Brent [email protected]

  • 2003: List=21!


Schedule1

Schedule

  • Vendredi/Friday 24 octobre = ABSENT

  • Project week!

    • I will give you the “project” on October 17

    • You will have 2 weeks

    • Due Oct 31

  • Nov 7 is the last non-seminar class

    • i.e., 4 classes to go after this one!


Schedule2

October 3

Non-Maple 3

Maple 3

October 10

Maple 4

October 17

Non-Maple4

Maple 5

Schedule

  • October 24

    • Absent

  • October 31

    • Non-Maple=fin

    • Maple 6 + Project

  • November 7

    • Maple7=fin

  • November 14, 21, 28

    • Séminaires!!!!!


S minaires

Seminar: 8+2 min + 3 min Qtransparencies -or-PowerPoint

Will take place in the last 3 weeks of the semester

14, 21, 28 novembre

Le département sera invité

Vous devez préparer le texte de 4 pages format PRL pour le séminaire, et je les metterai sur le site W3

Séminaires


Les s minaires 8 2 3 minutes

14 novembre

Cienak: Strong nuclearforce

O’Byrne: Superfluidity

M Lalonde: Sonoluminescence

Miranda: Quantum Cryptography

D’Eca: String Theory

Corrigan: The anthropic principle

Les séminaires8+2+3 minutes


Les s minaires 8 2 3 minutes1

21 novembre

Kelly: Space travel

Wong: Quantum dots

Parent: Dark matter

Gascon: Video speed electronic paper

Dumouchel: Thermonuclear synthesis

Pinet: Parallel computing & HPC

Lefebvre: L’effet Casimir

Les séminaires8+2+3 minutes


Les s minaires 8 2 3 minutes2

Les séminaires8+2+3 minutes

  • 28 novembre

    • Vachon: Astronomie expérimentale

    • Stone: Fractals

    • J Lalonde: SNO

    • Bertrand: C60

    • Meunier: Matérialisme scientifique

    • Zhang: Wolfram’s Computational Equivalence

    • Kamran: GUTs


Plan maple 9

Getting started (Chapters 1-4)

Polynomials (Chapters 5-7, 13, 14)

Functions (Chapter 8)

Calculus (Chapters 9-11, 17)

List, set, array (Chapter 12)

Linear Algebra (Chapters 18, 19)

Solving equations (Chapter 16)

Graphics (Chapter 15)

PLAN: Maple 9


Phy 3903 version 2003

30 october – 1 november


Phy 3903 version 2003

Assignment/Devoir Non-Maple #3( 17 oct, on paper)

  • Write a NSERC scholarship application

  • You either register with them and do this on-line, or you print the pdf form 200 and fill it (it must be readable).

  • Must be completed (all sections), even if you write little

  • Do not forget the free pages

  • Must be somewhat convincing

  • http://www.nserc.ca/forms/formtable_e.htmhttp://www.nserc.ca/forms/instructions/200/e.asp


Phy 3903 version 2003

PGS Master’s and Doctoral Check List:

Form 200

Outline of proposed research (1 page)

Awards, Contributions andStatement (2 pages)

Support letters for location oftenure (if applicable)

All official academictranscripts (undergraduateand graduate)

Appendix 1, Report on theApplicant, in a sealedenvelope (two required)

Appendix 2,Departmental/UniversityEvaluation

Signed cover page


Phy 3903 version 2003

Physics as a profession

  • 1. Science et vérité

  • 2. La recherche etsa société

  • 3. M. Sc. & Ph. D.

  • 4. Information

  • 5. Publishing

  • 6. Éthique

  • 7. Journalism, etc.

  • 8. Presentation

    • Figs, tables, fits…

  • 9. Séminaires

    • Slides, plan, …

  • 10. $

    • Grants, costs…

  • 11. Canada

    • Overview of the granting agencies…


  • 5 publishing

    5. Publishing

    • Current contents

      • Tables of matter

  • Science Citation Index

    • Who cites who

  • Main physics review journals

    • RMP, Physics Reports, RepProgPhy, AnnRev, AmJPhys

  • Main physics letter journals

    • PRL, Europhysics, Nature, Science

  • Main physics research journals

    • PhysRev, Eur.J.Phys., Physica, JChemPhys


  • Choosing a journal

    Choosing a journal

    • Readership: who should read your stuff?

    • Reputation: PhysRevLett vs AfghanJP

    • Availability: is it in most (e-)librairies?

    • Impact: journals are ranked by impact parameters based on citations

    • New vs old journals

    • Cost (should not be a factor, but…)

    • Electronic search engines


    Typical steps

    Typical steps

    • 1. Article is submitted to ONE journal

    • 2. Sent to 1-3 anonymous referees

      • …who are given about 2-4 weeks to review it

  • 3. Comments are sent to the authors

    • Accept as is

    • Accept with minor changes

    • Major changes: must be returned to referees

    • Reject/wrong journal

  • 4. Authors comply or appeal


  • Scientific articles

    Scientific articles

    0. Abstract, etc.

    • Typically, <10 line abstract.

    • Abstracts are important for computerized litterature searches.

    • Often requires special codes that specify the subfield and allows for better classification in database (e.g., PACS)

    • Date received and date accepted for priority and patent issues.

    • Addresses (during the work and current) and names of all authors, plus the coordinates of the corresponding author.


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    1. Introduction

    • History of the problem

    • Cites other people’s work

    • Describes the main issues to be investigated

    • Often cites 20+ references!

    • Presents the plan of the article

    • Does NOT claim:

      • « first » or « new paradigm » or « revolution »

      • Previous work is only from the author

    • May be 1-3 page long

    • ~0 eqs

    • Important to attract the attention

    • Hardest part to write for new researchers because you need to see the “big picture”


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 2. Methods

      • Chemicals, samples, etc.

      • Instruments

      • Data analysis

      • Note: information includes name of Cies

      • Software

      • Algorithm

      • Computers used (e.g., for simulations)

      • Warnings

      • Source of original data (e.g., databases)

      • May offer help to other researchers in the field

      • Can refer to previous articles iff widely available

      • THE READER SHOULD BE ABLE TO REPRODUCE EVERYTHING YOU DID


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 3. Results

      • Subsections; systematic

      • Error bars, units

      • Clear informations about each data set

      • Fits: indicate software and/or methodology

      • Axes must be scaled and labeled properly

      • Colour is ~not yet widely used/available

      • Refer to other authors/previous results whenever possible

      • Avoid things like:

        • “obviously”, “it is well-known that”, etc.

        • “it is easily shown that”, etc.

      • The reader should not have to read the whole text to understand what a plot is about. The info in the figure and its legend should be enough.


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 4. Discussion & Conclusion

      • Often together

      • Summarizes the results

      • Interprets the results

      • Explains discrepancies

        • With previous results (especially from other groups)

        • With theoretical (experimental) predictions (results)

      • Mentions approximations and limitations

      • Mentions possible sources of error

      • Draws the main conclusions and highlights the findings that should impact the field

      • Suggests possible ways to test the results

      • Suggests possible (logical) next steps

      • Suggests applications of results


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 5. Acknowledgements

      • Funding agencies

        • or companies: this may raise ethical questions

        • Including scholarships

      • Technical people who are not co-authors

      • Colleagues who reviewed the manuscript prior to submission

      • People who made important scientific suggestions

      • People who helped you through discussions

      • Help with specific techniques

      • Cpu time, instrument time

      • Host institution (if not employer)

      • Etc.


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 6. References

      • In physics, does not normally include the title

      • Usually includes first and last page

      • List all authors, unless there is >6-10 or so

        • Common in particle physics, genetics, etc

      • Some journals allow notes, remarks

      • May include web sites

      • May include reference to preprints, personnal communications, in press, etc.

      • Must cite all relevant articles, even if published by your main competitor

      • Must not cite only your own work

      • Rarely cites non-scientific literature

      • May refer to author’s web site for further info


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 7. Figure captions

      • Normally, should be rather short

        • In some journals, the method section is in the captions!

      • Contain all the pertinent information (self-contained)

      • Can refer to eq numbers and other figures

      • Make sure that the axes are properly labeled and that the caption explains the labeling if it is not trivial

      • Inset figures are acceptable and should be described as well

      • Definition of the symbols should be in the figure not described in words in the caption


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    • 8. Figures and Tables

      • These vary widely, many journals having their own constraints/instructions

      • Main problems are:

        • Labels/letters/numbers are too small

        • Gray shades are badly reproduced

        • Symbols/lines are badly identified

      • A full box around the graph is usually better

      • Colour is not used very frequently becau$e…

      • Make sure that the log axes are well-identified

      • Fits should be described carefully

      • High quality printers must be used


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Notes: a) the axes labels and units; b) the fit eq; c) the curves

    are labeled in the plot; d) even T is given; e) loglog plot


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Notes: a) inset; b) lack of units for the y-axis; descriptivelabels on the axes.


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Notes: a) no units at all; b) the (x100) on the y-axis. The latter must be used very carefully.


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Notes: no vertical lines, units at top.


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Easy to read. No need to read the article itself.


    Publish or

    Publish or…

    Perish!


    7 journalism etc

    7. Journalism, etc.

    • Non-traditional jobs for physicists:

      • Journalism

      • Museum

      • Finance

      • Bioinformatics

      • IT

      • Law & patents

      • Consulting

    • Medical physicist

    • Scientific writer or translator

    • R&D management

    • Show business

    • Education software

    • Traffic studies

    • ETC…………


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Physics as a profession

    • 1. Science et vérité

    • 2. La recherche etsa société

    • 3. M. Sc. & Ph. D.

    • 4. Information

    • 5. Publishing

    • 6. Éthique

    • 7. Journalism, etc.

    • 8. Presentation

      • Figs, tables, fits…

  • 9. Séminaires

    • Slides, plan, …

  • 10. $

    • Grants, costs…

  • 11. Canada

    • granting agencies…

  • 12. Physicist ?


  • 10 11 r d canada

    NSERC

    Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada - CRSNG

    ~$700M+/yr

    grants

    scholarships

    “small eqp” for now

    ~20 disciplines

    Peer reviewed

    committee members are not paid

    average research grant ~$35K

    some project grants are targeted with industry

    10-11. R&D$Canada


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    CIHR

    Canadian Institutefor Health Research

    replaced MRC

    for medical researchers

    grants are larger

    SSHRC

    for humanities and social sciences

    grants are smaller

    Has a problem


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    OIT

    Ontario Innovation Trust

    matches CFI money for Ontario applications

    ~$250M

    CFI

    Canadian Foundation for Innovation

    only eqp, 40% funding

    >$2B

    E.g., up to $0.5M for new profs!!!!!!


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    ORDCF

    Ontario Research and Development Fund

    covers ~1/3 of operating budgets

    often linked to CFI

    Canada Research Chairs

    E.g., Brabec and Bao in physics

    2000 chairs over 5 yrs = prestigious

    Note: NSERC also has chairs, UofO too


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    NaTech

    Quebec

    grants, scholarships

    scholarships can be used at the UofO

    includes group grants

    VRQ

    Quebec

    a bit like ORDCF


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    NCE

    Networks of Centres of Excellence

    federal

    covers several topics

    long term funding

    E.g., @UofO

    Stroke

    Stem cells

    OCE

    Ontario Centres of Excellence

    a bit like NCEs

    there are 4

    .e.g, MMO


    Phy 3903 version 2003

    Steacie & Killam

    “bourses” pour les meilleurs chercheurs universitaires canadiens

    Libèrent les chercheurs de leurs responsabilités académiques (administration wet enseignement) pour jusqu’à 2 ans = recherche seulement!

    CIAR (Canadian Inst. for Advanced Res)

    Selected topics

    The best

    Sabbatical leaves

    UofO: 12.5%/year

    For research

    PREA

    Ontario. $150,000 to the best new profs


    Typical expenses

    Grad student:

    ~$10-22K/yr

    PDF

    ~$30-40K/yr

    Technicians

    Eqp

    $1K-$150K

    larger through groups, CFI, etc

    Conferences

    ~$2K/person

    Other expenses

    books @ $100/each

    photocopies

    fax, etc

    tapes, computers…

    Office consumables

    chemicals

    repairs

    etc.

    Typical expenses


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