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Grappling To Understand One’s Identity:. Singapore’s Broadcast and Media Content Policies’ Impact on its Citizenship Education and the Affect on the Growing Muslim Population.

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grappling to understand one s identity

Grappling To Understand One’s Identity:

Singapore’s Broadcast and Media Content Policies’ Impact on its Citizenship Education and the Affect on the Growing Muslim Population

By: Marissa Citro, Independent Consultant on Asian Citizenship Ed., [email protected], SIS 645, American University

executive summary introduction
Executive Summary: Introduction
  • Singapore as a ‘tiger economy.’
  • Population is very ethnically, racially and religiously diverse
  • Q: What kind of content is projected and/or permitted to be broadcasted across the media?
  • This impacts one’s educational and religious identity.
singapore s media content broadcast policies overview
Singapore’s Media Content & Broadcast Policies: Overview
  • Content that contains explicit violence or sexual activity
  • Affiliations with a certain ethnic, social, or religious group
singapore s media content broadcast policies example 2011 parliamentary elections
Singapore’s Media Content & Broadcast Policies: Example-2011 Parliamentary Elections
  • First time PAP allows oppositional content to be broadcasted via TV and internet.
  • Result:
    • PAP’s popularity drops significantly
    • Population very much engaged with democratic process.
impact on citizenship education overview
Impact on Citizenship Education: Overview
  • Q: What is citizenship education?
  • A: How a certain individual,
          • influenced by formal (academic) and/or informal (non-academic) content, curricula, culture, nationality, etc.
    • devises his/her own identity.
  • An identity can be associated with one’s religion, nationality, race, gender, culture and/or ethnicity.
impact on citizenship education singapore i
Impact on Citizenship Education: Singapore (I)
  • Political engagement and debate is looked down upon in the academic world.
  • Theoretical background of religious populations in Singapore-no controversial issues are up for discussion.
impact on citizenship education singapore ii example
Impact on Citizenship Education: Singapore (II)- Example
  • Emphasis on Singaporean Nationalistic Identity through:
    • Curricular content
    • Media
    • Recognition of national holidays.
consequential affect on the singaporean muslim population overview i
Consequential Affect on the Singaporean Muslim Population: Overview (I)
  • Revivalism and resurgence in number of believers for all religions in Singapore.
  • By the numbers: Buddhists (42.5%), followed by Muslims (14.9%), Christians (14.6%), Taoists (8.5%) and Hindus (4.0%)

(Singapore Department of Statistics, 2000).

consequential affect on the singaporean muslim population overview ii
Consequential Affect on the Singaporean Muslim Population: Overview (II)
  • Muslims tend to cling to religious identity.
  • About 99.6% of Singaporean Malays call themselves Muslim (Tan, 2007).
  • Strong believers in Religious Ed.
  • Very politically active population.
conclusions i the pap and the government
Conclusions (I): the PAP and the government
  • PAP & government encourages onenational identity through media and education policies.
  • Citizens have become more engaged in the democratic process despite academic objectives of complacency.
  • PAP is more than willing to ostracize any other group that is gaining power.
conclusions ii the singaporean muslim population
Conclusions (II): the Singaporean Muslim Population
  • Muslims have strong connection to religious identity.
  • Muslims are not alone in desire to be more politically active.
  • Situation makes it difficult for one to devise own identity because of multicultural population mixed with strong emphasis on one identity.
recommendations to taf
Recommendations to TAF
  • Encourage Policies in Media and Education Reforms that Reflect the Pluralism and Diversity.
  • Provide Materials to aid in this Transformation.
  • Oversee Operations With an Unbiased Perspective.
opportunities for further research international implications
Opportunities For Further Research & International Implications
  • Research the Situation of Other Religious and Ethnically Minority Groups of Singapore.
  • The Impact of Future Regulations and Policies in the Media.
  • Consider the Identities that are Being Projected In Other Similar Asian Nations.
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