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Hazardous Materials Operations N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008 Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”. January 01, 2010. Objective After Completing this Course, the Student will Demonstrate a Knowledge of Hazardous Materials Practices and Procedures in Accordance with N.F.P.A. 472-2008

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Hazardous Materials Operations

N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008

Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”

January 01, 2010


Objective

After Completing this Course, the Student will

Demonstrate a Knowledge of Hazardous

Materials Practices and Procedures in

Accordance with N.F.P.A. 472-2008

Operational Mission Specific

“Technical Decontamination”

with 70% Accuracy on a Written Exam

Hazardous Materials Operations

N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008

Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”


Module 3Mission-SpecificResponsibilitiesTechnical Decontamination

NFPA 6.4


Definition (NFPA) 472-2008

Technical Decontamination

The planned and systematic process of reducing contamination to a level that is as low as reasonably achievable.

(ALARA)

NFPA 3.3.17.4


Definition (NFPA) 472-2008

Emergency Decontamination

The physical process of immediately reducing contamination of individuals in potentially life-threatening situations with or without the formal establishment of a decontamination corridor.

NFPA 3.3.17.1


Definition (NFPA) 472-2008

Gross Decontamination

The phase of the decontamination process during which the amount of surface contaminants is significantly reduced.

NFPA 3.3.17.2


Technical Decontamination

  • Introduction

    • Operations Level

    • Assigned to perform;

      Technical Decon

    • Competent to Implement:

      • Technical Decontamination

NFPA 6.4.1.1.1 / 6.4.1.1.2 / 6.4.1.1.3 / 6.4.1.1.4


Important Note

  • Some information may be taken from

    Chapter 7: Hazardous Materials Technician

  • Operations Level may be asked to perform at

    this level but Do Not Replace HMT.

  • Direct Guidance:Working under control

    of an HMT continually being assessed / feedback

NFPA 6.4.1.1.3


Technical Decontamination

  • Written Guidance:

    • Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

    • Standard Operating Guidance (SOGs)

      • “Rules of Engagement” at Operations Level

  • Task expected of Operations Level Responders

  • Task beyond the capability of Operations Level Responders

  • Required PPE and equipment to perform these expected task

  • Procedures for ensuring coordination within the local ICS

  • NFPA 6.4.1.1.3


    • Goal

      • The goal of the competencies in this section shall be to provide the operations level responder assigned to perform technical decontamination at hazardous materials / WMD incidents with the knowledge and skills to perform the task in 6.4.1.2.2 safely and effectively.

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.1


    Technical Decontamination

    When responding to hazardous materials / WMD incidents, the operations level

    responder assigned to perform technical decontamination shall be able to perform

    the following tasks:

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2


    • Goal

      • Analyze

      • Plan

      • Implement

      • Evaluate

      • Terminate

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2


    Technical Decontamination

    Plan a response within the capabilities of available

    personnel, personal protective equipment, and control equipment by selecting a technical

    decontamination process to minimize the hazard.

    Process should be directed towards Confinement to Hot Zone and Decontamination Corridor

    Vital Component of Pre-Incident Planning and the Hazard and Risk Evaluation Process

    Types of Technical Decontamination Methods

    will be described in 6.4.3.2(2)

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    NO ENTRY

    Until decontamination Method Determined

    and Established … Except !

    Where a Rescue Might Be Possible

    and Emergency Decontamination is Established

    Decontamination Requires an Organized and

    Well-Ordered Procedure

    This Requires a PLAN

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Decontamination Plan Should Address:

    • Site Layout

    • Decontamination Method / Equipment Needed

    • Number of Personnel Required

    • Level of P.P.E. and Equipment

    • Disposal Methods

    • Runoff Control

    • Emergency Medical Requirements

    • Collecting / Disposal – Contaminated Clothing

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Implement the planned response to favorably change the outcomes consistent with standard operating procedures and the site safety and control plan by completing the following tasks:

    Should be Identified in the L.E.R.P.

    and covered by SOP or SOG

    Pre-made Forms should be readily available

    and maintained as integral components

    of overall I.A.P. documentation.

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(2)(a) & (b)


    Technical Decontamination

    Implement the planned response to favorably change the outcomes consistent with standard operating procedures and the site safety and control plan by completing the following tasks:

    Perform the technical decontamination

    duties as assigned.

    Perform the technical decontamination functions

    identified in the incident action plan.

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(2)(a) & (b)


    Technical Decontamination

    Perform the technical decontamination

    duties as assigned.

    The Decontamination Team Leader is responsible to the Operation Officer The team leader supervises and controls all phases of the Contamination Reduction Zone (CRZ).

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(2)(a)


    Technical Decontamination

    Perform the technical decontamination

    duties as assigned.

    The Decontamination Team Member is responsible for appropriate decontamination procedures as assigned to them with in the Contamination Reduction Corridor.

    The duties may vary to fill specific positions within the Decontamination Corridor

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(2)(a)


    Technical Decontamination

    Perform the technical decontamination functions

    identified in the incident action plan.

    Depends on Specific Decontamination System chosen by the Authority Having Jurisdiction and the implementation requirements.

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(2)(b)


    Technical Decontamination

    Evaluate the progress of the planned response by evaluating the effectiveness of the technical

    decontamination process.

    How do you know if it’s working?

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(3)


    Mass Decontamination

    Evaluating Decon Effectiveness

    LERP / SOPs / SOGs

    Must have a procedure to test victims after the Decontamination process to ensure all contaminates are removed and victims safe to be medically treated and transported.

    ie. Metering, Test Strips

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(3)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Terminate the incident by completing the providing reports and documentation of decontamination operations.

    • There should be a transcript to document all activities of the Decontamination for a multitude of reasons.

      • 1.Health Issues of Responders in the Future

      • 2. Legal proceedings in the Future

      • 3. Training Purposes for Future Responses

      • 4. Monetary Reimbursement

      • a) Personnel Cost

      • b) Logistical Support Cost

      • c) Equipment Used / Disposed Of

    NFPA 6.4.1.2.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documentation

    LERP / SOPs / SOGs

    NIMS Requirements

    OSHA Requirements

    NFIRS Requirements

    NFPA 6.3.1.2.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documentation

    Decontamination Specific

    Names of Victims

    Substance that was released / Decon

    Level of protection by responders (Decon / Victims)

    Actions taken to limit exposure Decon Personnel

    Detailed description of Decon procedures

    Evidence collected

    Observations made

    NFPA 6.3.1.2.2(4)


    Mission-Specific Responsibilities

    Technical DecontaminationPlanning the Response

    NFPA 6.4.3


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Personal Protective Equipment 

    Given an emergency response plan or standard

    operating procedures, the operations level responder

    assigned to technical decontamination operations

    shall select the personal protective equipment

    required to support technical decontamination at

    hazardous materials / WMD incidents based on

    local procedures.

    (see Section 6.2)

    NFPA 6.4.3.1


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Given scenarios involving hazardous materials /

    WMD incidents, the operations level responder

    assigned to technical decontamination operations

    shall select a technical decontamination procedure

    that will minimize the hazard and spread of

    contamination and determine the equipment

    required to implement that procedure and shall meet

    the following requirements:

    NFPA 6.4.3.2


    Technical Decontamination

    • What Steps Need to Be Accomplished ?

    • Tool Drop: To be used again or until “Tool Decontamination or Disposal”

    • Gross Decontamination:

    • Technical Decontamination

    • Removal of Outer P.P.E.

    • Removal of Personal Clothing

    • Proceed to Personal Decontamination Shower, Medical Monitoring and Rehabilitation

    NFPA 6.4.3.2


    Technical Decontamination

    Identify the advantages and limitations of

    technical decontamination operations.

    Advantage:

    More In Depth and Thorough Cleaning

    Considered Safer for First Responders

    Limitations:

    More Detailed / Takes Longer to Set Up

    More Time Consuming per Victim

    Potential for Uncontrollable / Panic Stricken Mob

    Usually Performed Outside – Weather Impact

    NFPA 6.4


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures  

    Describe the advantages and limitations of each of

    the following technical decontamination methods:

    Absorption

    Adsorption

    Chemical Degradation

    Dilution

    Disinfection

    Evaporation

    Isolation and Disposal

    Neutralization

    Solidification

    Sterilization

    Vacuuming

    Washing

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Selecting Decontamination Procedures  

    • Absorption:

    • Picking up liquid contaminants with absorbents

    • Advantage:

      • Inexpensive and readily available

    • Limitations:

      • Does not alter the hazardous material

      • Have limited use on protective clothing and

        vertical surfaces

      • Disposal of absorbents may be a problem

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(a)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Selecting Decontamination Procedures  

    • Adsorption:

      • Process in which a hazardous liquid interacts with (or is bound to) the surface of a sorbent material

      • Advantage:

      • Quick controlling with immediate contact

    • Limitations:

      • Chemical retains it chemical and physical

        properties

      • Process may generate heat

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(a)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    • Chemical Degradation:

    • Using another material to change the chemical

    • structure of a hazardous material

      • Commonly used materials

      • Household bleach

      • Isopropyl alcohol

      • Hydrated lime

      • Household drain cleaner

      • Baking soda

      • Liquid detergents

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(c)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Selecting Decontamination Procedures

    • Chemical Degradation:

    • Advantage:

      • Can reduce cleanup costs and the risk

      • posed to the first responder

    • Limitations:

      • Takes time to determine the right chemical

      • to use and set up the process

      • Can be harmful to first responders if the

      • process creates heat and toxic vapors

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(c)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures

    Dilution:

    Using water to flush contaminants from

    contaminated victims or objects and diluting

    water-soluble hazardous materials to safe levels

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(d)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    • Dilution:

    • Advantage:

      • The accessibility, speed, and economy

      • of using Water

    • Limitations:

      • Water may cause a reaction and create

      • even more serious problems.

      • Runoff water from the process is still

      • contaminated and must be confined and

      • then disposed of properly.

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(d)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Disinfection:

    Sanitization, Disinfection

    Processes that render etiological contaminants harmless

    Kills most of the microorganisms present using a variety of chemical or antiseptic products

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(e)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    • Sanitization, Disinfection

    • Sanitization

      • Reduces the number of microorganisms

        present to a safe level (Such as washing

        hands with soap and water)

        Disinfection

      • Kills most of the microorganisms present

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(d)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures

    Evaporation:

    Can be accomplished by simply waiting long enough for hazardous materials to evaporate

    Not a technique used during emergency operations, however can be used on tools and equipment when exposure time is not a safety issue

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(f)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures  

    Isolation and Disposal:

    Isolating the contaminated items by collecting them in some fashion and then disposing of them in accordance with applicable regulations and laws

    Not all tools and equipment can be decontaminated and must be disposed of correctly. Disposal may be cheaper and easier than the decontamination.

    However disposal can be very costly as well

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(g)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Neutralization:

    Changing the pH of a corrosive;

    Raising or Lowering it towards 7 (neutral) on the pH scale

    Correct measurements of Neutralizing agent must be accomplished prior to mass application due to possible chemical reaction in accomplishing task

    Should NOT be used on Personnel

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(h)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures  

    Solidification:

    Process that takes a hazardous liquid and treats it chemically so that it turns into a solid.

    This process makes the product easier to handle but does not change the inherent chemical properties of the substance.

    Most are “Cement Based” and are used on Spills

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(i)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Sterilization:

    Processes that render etiological contaminants harmless

    Kills all microorganisms present, with chemicals, steam, heat, or radiation

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(j)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures  

    Vacuuming:

    Process using high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter vacuum cleaners to vacuum solid materials such as fibers, dusts, powders, and particulates from surfaces.

    Do Not Use regular vacuums do to lack of proper filter .. Not fine enough to catch all materials

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(k)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Washing:

    Process similar to dilution, but also involves using prepared solutions such as solvents, soap and / or detergents mixed with water in order to make the contaminant more water-soluble before rinsing with plain water

    Responders need to watch water run-off to ensure

    Proper containment and disposal

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(2)(l)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Identify sources of information for determining

    the correct technical decontamination procedure

    and identify how to access those resources in a

    hazardous materials / WMD incident.

    Manufacturer is Best Resource

    CHEMTREC / CANUTEC / SETIQ

    Resource Books / Manuals

    Electronic Databases

    National and Local Poison Control Centers

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(3)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Given resources provided by the AHJ, identify the

    supplies and equipment required to set up and

    implement technical decontamination operations.

    It should be noted that not all Decontamination Procedures will be the same.

    Dry versus Wet have different Requirements

    Technical Decon may vary based on the Chemical

    The following is a sample of a basic Wet System

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)



    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)

    Hand Pump Sprayers


    Technical Decontamination

    Balance is Important

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    Avoid Chairs or Stools that have backs and arms or that are not sturdy enough for the extra weight such as the SCBA

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures 

    Identify the procedures, equipment, and safety

    precautions for processing evidence during

    technical decontamination operations at

    hazardous materials / WMD incidents.

    Very Similar to Personnel Decontamination:

    Evidence that is in “Protective Packaging” only gets the outside of the package decontaminated.

    Must be Accounted For:

    Documented for “Chain if Evidence”

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(5)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(5)


    Technical Decontamination

    Selecting Decontamination Procedures

    Identify procedures, equipment, and safety

    precautions for handling tools, equipment,

    weapons, criminal suspects, and law enforcement /

    search canines brought to the decontamination

    corridor at hazardous materials / WMD incidents.

    These subjects requires special safety procedures

    for all personnel involved.

    Written SOPs / SOGs and Practice

    are Key to success

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(6)


    Technical Decontamination

    Special Decon Equipment Required

    Law Enforcement:

    The major additional concern with LE is Weapons and Weapon Security. They may require a “clearing” zone and a container that can be secured for future Decon / Disposal

    K-9s:

    Additional equipment is listed on the USAR website in a following slide. It involves a special platform so claws don’t get caught, and shielding to prevent spread of contaminates for personnel in case animal

    “Shakes” while being washed.

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(6)


    Technical Decontamination

    Law Enforcement Personnel 

    Special Containers should be located in the

    “Tool Drop”, one for cleared weapons,

    another for ammunition and devices

    such as “flash bangs”.

    If possible, a Law Enforcement Officer should be part of the Decon Team to assist with the special requirements and weapon security

    See Documents Provided with this Program

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(6)


    Technical Decontamination

    This is a Great K-9 Resource Website

    http://www.usarveterinarygroup.org/index.htm

    Run the cursor over the Haz Mat & Decontamination heading and a drop down menu will give you each section.

    Emergency and Gross Decon

    Technical Decon

    Nerve Agents / Mark 1 Kits

    K-9 Decon Station and Oil Based Decon Testing

    Advanced K-9 Decon Station and Field Testing

    Canine Decontamination Lecture

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(6)


    Technical Decontamination

    Animal Decon has been

    overlooked and these

    animals are a vital tool in

    WMD / Drug Lab / Rescue

    www.FEMA.govhas 2

    on-line courses that may be

    beneficial as well:

    IS-10 and IS-11

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(6)


    Technical Decontamination

    It is highly recommended that in the event of Animals and Particularly Trained K-9s being involved with a Crime Scene that has potentially exposed them to Hazardous Materials or WMD; a Veterinarian and Animal Control Officer respond to the scene for treatment and possible sedation to enable treatment or prevent secondary exposure to humans.

    Contact information and Policies should be included in the Emergency Response Plan.

    NFPA 6.4.3.2(6)


    Mission-Specific Responsibilities

    Technical DecontaminationImplementing the Planned Response

    NFPA 6.4.4


    Technical Decontamination

    Performing Incident Management Duties

    Given a scenario involving a hazardous materials /

    WMD incident and the emergency response plan or

    Standard operating procedures, the operations level

    responder assigned to technical decontamination

    operations shall demonstrate the technical

    decontamination duties assigned in the incident action

    plan and shall meet the following requirements:

    NFPA 6.4.4.1


    Technical Decontamination

    Performing Incident Management Duties

    Identify the role of the operations level responder

    assigned to technical decontamination operations

    during hazardous materials / WMD incidents.

    The Decontamination Team Leader is responsible to the Operation Officer The team leader supervises and controls all phases of the Contamination Reduction Zone (CRZ).

    The Decontamination Team Member is responsible for appropriate decontamination procedures as assigned to them with in the Contamination Reduction Corridor.

    The duties may vary to fill specific positions within the Decontamination Corridor

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Role of the Operations Level Responder

    • Obtain briefing from Decontamination Team Leader.

    • Set up decontamination Reduction Corridor as directed.

    • Check / Ensure all equipment is in proper working order.

    • Suit up to appropriate level of protection.

    • Assist Entry Team through the Decontamination Corridor

    • Wash off contaminants, assist with removal of protective clothing and equipment

    • Remember "DON'T” place your hands inside of any suit going through decontamination,

    • just touch outside.

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Role of the Operations Level Responder

    • Place removed P.P.E. / Equipment in proper container.

    • Assist with removal of SCBA backpack only

    • (team member will take off mask).

    • Carefully use minimum amount of water as each person advances from pool to pool.

    • The object is to keep all of the contaminants contained in the pools.

    • Before Decontamination Team Members leave decon:

    • Responders "MUST DECON THEMSELVES“

    • and Help each other decon one another.

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Role of the Operations Level Responder

    Documentation of the entire process is important:

    Note what Decontamination Process used

    Note what Personal Protective Equipment used

    Note Equipment used and Personnel assigned to it

    Note Type of Chemical Decontaminated

    Note Effectiveness of Decontamination Process

    Note any changes in process required based on changing conditions, new information etc.

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Can Decontamination Be Conducted Safely?

    Are Existing Resources Adequate?

    If Not, where can they be obtained?

    How long will it take to get them?

    Monitoring and Metering need to be constant.

    Be Prepared to Change as needed.

    Consult Technical Specialist such as Environmental and Public Health Agencies.

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Criteria that can be used to Evaluate Effectiveness

    Contamination levels are reduced as personnel move through decontamination area.

    Contamination is confined to the hot zone

    and the decontamination area.

    Contamination is reduced to a level that is

    As Low As Reasonably Achievable

    ALARA

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Large Items of Equipment !

    Vehicles and Trucks may be subject to Contamination.

    Decontamination can be performed by:

    Large Washes (Car Wash)

    High-Pressure Washes

    Steam or Special Solutions

    How does it happen?

    Vehicles parked downwind or driving through spill

    Victims not Decontaminated placed in Ambulances

    Criminals or Victims placed in Police Cars or POVS

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    • Large Items of Equipment !

    • Establish Decontamination Pad

    • Complete Wash and Rinse Several Times

    • Inspect Vehicles Thoroughly for Damage

    • Empty and Wash Opened Compartments Exposed

    • Acids should be “Neutralized” A.S.A.P.

    • Decontaminate “On-Site” if Possible

    • Verify Adequacy of Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Large Items of Equipment !

    Personnel should wear appropriate P.P.E.

    Members closest to Hot Zone may require higher Level

    Personnel should be monitored for Heat Exhaustion or Possible Exposure

    Debriefing should be held A.S.A.P.

    DOCUMENTATION / EXPOSURE RECORDS

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Performing Incident Management Duties

    Describe the procedures for implementing technical decontamination operations within the incident command system.

    Should be Identified in the L.E.R.P.

    and covered by SOP or SOG

    Officers and Responders need to know their positions and job requirements and their

    “Chain of Command”

    NFPA 6.4.4.1(2)


    Hazardous Materials ICS

    Incident Commander

    NFPA 5.4.3(3)


    Technical Decontamination

    Performing Decontamination Operations Identified in Incident Action Plan

    The responder assigned to technical decontamination

    operations shall demonstrate the ability to set up

    and implement the following types of

    decontamination operations:

    This Requires “Hands-On” Practical Applications

    NFPA 6.4.4.2


    Technical Decontamination

    Performing Decontamination Operations Identified in Incident Action Plan

    Technical decontamination operations

    in support of entry operations

    Decontamination needs to be established prior to entry of Personnel for multiple safety reasons

    NFPA 6.4.4.2(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.4.2(1)


    Work zones
    WORK ZONES

    HOT

    WARM

    COLD

    WIND DIRECTION

    Exclusion

    Zone

    Support

    Zone

    Contamination Reduction Zone

    HOT LINE

    Decon Area

    access control points

    Command Post

    NFPA 5.4.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    NFPA 6.4.4.2(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Performing Decontamination Operations Identified in Incident Action Plan

    Technical decontamination operations for

    ambulatory and non-ambulatory victims

    With Victims that require medical attention, resort to Gross or Emergency Decontamination

    so that the Victims / Patients can be forwarded directly to Medical for Treatment

    NFPA 6.4.4.2(2)


    Technical Decontamination

    Ambulatory

    NFPA 6.3.4.2


    Technical Decontamination

    Non-Ambulatory

    NFPA 6.3.4.2


    Technical Decontamination

    Non-Ambulatory

    NFPA 6.3.4.2


    Mission-Specific Responsibilities

    Technical DecontaminationEvaluating Progress

    NFPA 6.4.5


    Technical Decontamination

    Evaluating the Effectiveness of the

    Technical Decontamination Process

    Given examples of contaminated items that have

    undergone the required decontamination, the

    operations level responder assigned to technical

    decontamination operations shall identify procedures

    for determining whether the items have been fully

    Decontaminated according to the standard operating

    procedures of the AHJ or the incident action plan.

    NFPA 6.4.5.1


    Technical Decontamination

    Evaluating the Effectiveness of the

    Technical Decontamination Process

    LERP / SOPs / SOGs

    Similar to testing victims;

    The AHJ must have a procedure to test tools, equipment and other objects after the Decontamination process to ensure all contaminates are removed and victims safe to be medically treated and transported.

    ie. Metering, Test Strips

    NFPA 6.4


    Mission-Specific Responsibilities

    Technical DecontaminationTerminating the Incident

    NFPA 6.4.6


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    Given a scenario involving a hazardous materials /

    WMD incident, the operations level responder

    assigned to technical decontamination operations

    shall complete the reporting and documentation

    requirements consistent with the emergency response

    plan or standard operating procedures and shall

    meet the following requirements:

    NFPA 6.4.6.1


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    Identify the reports and supporting technical documentation required by the emergency response plan or standard operating procedures.

    Should be Identified in the L.E.R.P.

    and covered by SOP or SOG

    Pre-made Forms should be readily available and maintained as integral component of overall report.

    NFPA 6.4.6.1(1)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    Describe the importance of

    personnel exposure records.

    Legal Account on Record of the Incident and Actions Taken to Protect Responders and Victims.

    Documentation for Medical Records for Future Reference in Treatment and Potential Exposures and Possible Illnesses and Resulting Legal Action

    NFPA 6.4.6.1(2)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    Identify the steps in keeping an activity log

    and exposure records.

    Should be Identified in the L.E.R.P.

    and covered by SOP or SOG

    Pre-made Forms should be readily available and maintained as integral component of overall report.

    Exposure Records should be made available to Medical Provider as part of Medical History

    NFPA 6.4.6.1(3)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    Identify the requirements for filing documents

    and maintaining records.

    Documents need to be filled out As Soon As Possible and filed within Legal Requirements

    Connecticut State Library stipulates guidelines for maintaining Records and Reports

    O.S.H.A also has mandates for Record Keeping

    NFPA 6.4.6.1(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    LERP / SOPs / SOGs

    NIMS Requirements

    OSHA Requirements

    NFIRS Requirements

    NFPA 6.4.6.1(4)


    Technical Decontamination

    Reporting and Documenting the Incident

    Decontamination Specific

    Names of Victims

    Substance that was released / Decon

    Level of protection by responders (Decon / Victims)

    Actions taken to limit exposure Decon Personnel

    Detailed description of Decon procedures

    Evidence collected

    Observations made

    NFPA 6.4.6.1(4)


    Module 3 – Practical Application

    Set up Technical Decontamination System

    based on Authority Having Jurisdiction

    Emergency Response Plan

    NFPA 6.4.



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