Chapter 23 World War I
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Chapter 23 World War I The student will understand the general causes of WWI, and the events and causes that led to U.S. entry into the war. AL COS 11 th grade #5. READ “LIFE IN THE TRENCHES” (in the closet). WWI music http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/1914.htm

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Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Chapter 23 World War I

The student will understand the

general causes of WWI, and the

events and causes that led to U.S.

entry into the war.

AL COS 11th grade #5

  • READ “LIFE IN THE TRENCHES” (in the closet).

WWI music http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/1914.htm

http://www.emory.edu/ENGLISH/LostPoets/B37.html for quicktime


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Four causes of War were alliances, imperialism, militarism, and nationalism.

Alliances: designed for nations to increase safety, but instead led to the splitting of Europe and an automatic declaration of war among the countries


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Imperialism:The competition to grab colonies in the world increased the chance of war.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Militarism: aggressively building up one’s military in preparation for war.

Battleships: the most powerful

Naval weapon of its day

German submarine


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

  • Nationalism: intense pride for one’s homeland, was a powerful idea in Europe in the late 1800s. 

  • The right to self-determination, the idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government, was a basic idea of nationalism. 

  • This idea led to a crisis in the Balkans where different national groups within the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires began to seek independence.

(pages 577–580)

Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

  • The Serbs: in 1908, became furious when Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia (test).

  • One group formed because of this was the Black Hand.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

  • The DISPUTED AREA BEFORE AND AFTER THE WAR!


Causes

II. “The Spark” GET SHEET OF EVENTS

Causes

Francis Ferdinand: assassinated by

Gavrilo Princep of the Black Hand

which was “the spark” or immediate

cause that started WWI (1914-1919).


Gavrilo princip

Gavrilo Princip

  • Gavrilo Princip was the son of a postman.

  • He was the youngest out of a huge family, they didn’t have very much money.

  • He was diagnosed at a young age with tuberculosis and that is why he decided to kill Ferdinand.

  • “I want my life to be remembered.”-Princip


Afterwards

Afterwards….

  • After Gavrilo was arrested and the Archduke was murdered, Serbia started writing apologetic letters to Austria- Hungary.

  • First, Serbia had to make sure that Germany was going to keep its military alliance.

  • Austria- Hungary made several demands and gave Serbia only 48 hours to respond, they accepted all demands.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

mobilization: readying troops for war.

(GRE)

Central Powers: Germany,

Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman

Empire (Turkey).


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Allies: Russia, France, Serbia, Great

Britain and, later, the U.S. (1917).


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

  • Causes of World War I

  • “The Spark” that leads to World War I

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand visits Sarajevo, June 28, 1914 in car.

  • Gavrilo Princip (of the Black Hand), a Serbian nationalist, shoots Ferdinand.

  • Germany issues Austria-Hungary reassurance or a “blank check.”

  • Austria-Hungary threatens Serbia and mobilizes July 1914.

  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia on July 28, 1914.

  • Russia mobilizes in response to the threat to Serbia on July 30, 1914.

  • Germany reacts to Russia’s mobilization and mobilizes.

  • Germany declares war on Russia on August 1, 1914.

  • France and Great Britain mobilize as promised in their Triple Entente agreement.

  • Germany declares war on France, August 3, 1914.

  • Germany invades neutral Belgium in order to attack France, August 3, 1914.

  • Britain declares war in response to this invasion on August 4, 1914.

  • WORLD WAR I BEGINS.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Schlieffen Plan: Germany general’s

plan to fight a two front war. It failed.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

stalemate: a situation in which neither

side is able to gain an advantage; caused

in part because of old war strategies and

new weapons. This would describe the

western front for the first few years of

the war. TRENCH WARFARE


You don t say 3 1a

You Don’t Say 3-1a

Stalemate A stalemate occurs in the game of chess when one player cannot make any move without putting his or her king in a position to be captured, and thus lose the game. It is an apt term for the deadlock along the Western Front.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

On Christmas Day 1914, the fighting stopped, and British and German soldiers met in no-man’s-land to chat, play soccer, and pose for photographs. Officers quickly ended these goodwill meetings and the soldiers returned to war.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Aerial view of France

and trenches


The trench system

The Trench System

Blake Crosby’s PowerPoint for next 8 slides.

  • Trenches were most important because of their defensive value.

  • Trenches have been being used since the beginning of warfare.

  • Soldiers are always looking for a safe place to stay during wars, and for the most part trenches were the answer.


Fire trench

Fire Trench

  • The Fire Trench was the closest to the enemy.

  • Fire Trenches were usually reinforced by sandbags for extra protection.

  • Fire Trenches had a special step so the soldiers could see over the trench walls.

http://www.liverpoolscottish.org.uk/1914fielddefencetrenchtype1.jpg


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Saps

  • Saps were very small trenches that came out as far as the officers would put them.

  • They were for surveillance and early warning.

  • Soldiers could pick up valuable information from the saps.


No man s land

No Man’s Land

  • No Man’s Land was the area between the trenches.

  • In No Man’s Land there was barbed wire, artillery, and gas.

  • It was the most dangerous place in the war.


Snipers

Snipers

  • Snipers were set in the trenches also they would help the machine guns take out the charging troops

  • They didn’t have very good range but were very good shots.

  • They could only shoot a few times before the enemy was upon them


Machine guns

Machine Guns

  • The machine guns took more lives of the charging troops than anything else

  • They would take out thousands at a time

  • They rapidly shot until they were over ran by enemy troops


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Aerial view of France

and trenches


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Lachrymator (tearing agent)

Much like today's tear gas and mace, this gas caused temporary blindness and greatly inflamed the nose and throat of the victim. A

gas mask offered very good protection from this type of gas. xylyl bromide was a popular tearing agent since it was easily brewed.

Asphyxiant

These are the poisonous gases. This class includes chlorine, phosgene and diphosgene. Chlorine inflicts damage by forming

hydrochloric acid when coming in contact with moisture such as found in the lungs and eyes. It is lethal at a mix of 1:5000 (gas/air)

whereas phosgene is deadly at 1:10,000 (gas/air) - twice as toxic! Diphosgene, first used by the Germans at Verdun on

22-Jun-1916, was deadlier still and could not be effectively filtered by standard issue gas masks.

Blistering Agent

Dichlorethylsulphide: the most dreaded of all chemical weapons in World War I - mustard gas. Unlike the other gases which attack

the respiratory system, this gas acts on any exposed, moist skin. This includes, but is not limited to, the eyes, lungs, armpits and groin.

A gas mask could offer very little protection. The oily agent would produce large burn-like blisters wherever it came in contact with

skin. It also had a nasty way of hanging about in low areas for hours, even days, after being dispersed. A soldier jumping into a shell

crater to seek cover could find himself blinded, with skin blistering and lungs bleeding.

List of gases used in World War I

benzyl bromide

German, tearing, first used 1915

bromacetone

Both sides, tearing/fatal in concentration, first used 1916

carbonyl chloride (phosgene)

both sides, asphyxiant, fatal with delayed action, first used 1915

chlorine

both sides, asphyxiant, fatal in concentration, first used in 1915, cylinder release only

chloromethyl chloroformate

both sides, tearing, first used in 1915, artillery shell

chloropircin

both sides, tearing, first used in 1916, artillery shell (green cross I)

cyanogen (cyanide) compounds

allies/Austria, asphyxiant, fatal in concentration, first used in 1916, artillery shell

dichlormethylether

German, tearing, first used 1918, artillery shell

dibrommethylethylketone

German, tearing, fatal in concentration, first used in 1916

dichloroethylsulphide (mustard gas)

both sides, blistering, artillery shell (yellow cross)

diphenylchloroarsine

German, asphyxiant, fatal in concentration, (dust - could not be filtered), first used in 1917, artillery shell (blue cross)

diphenylcyonoarsine

German, more powerful replacement for blue cross, first used in 1918

ethyldichloroarsine

German, less powerful replacement for blue cross, first used in 1918, artillery shell (yellow cross I, green cross III)

ethyl iodoacetate

British, tearing, first used in 1916

monobrommethylethylketone

German, more powerful replacement for bromacetone, first used 1916

trichloromethylchloroformate (diphosgene)

both sides, asphyxiant, fatal with delayed action, first used 1916

xylyl bromide

German, tearing, first used 1915


Commanding officers

Commanding Officers

  • With life in the trenches the officers were in charge

  • They commanding officer would yell over the top and lead his men into No mans land

  • The officer second in command would stay behind and kill the men that didn’t go over the top


Disease in the trenches

Disease in the trenches

  • The most common disease in the trenches was Trench Foot

  • This disease was basically rotting of the foot

  • This disease made it very hard for the soldiers to fight


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

soldiers-learn-to-pack video


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

III. American Reaction

A. Call for neutrality –most

Americans wanted to ensure

that the U.S. could stay out

of the war

B. Pro-British groups and

arguments

C. Pro-German groups


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

American response: many felt personally

involved since they were first or second

generation immigrants from the fighting

countries. Also, some Americans saw

the Germans as possessing militarism

and cold-blooded efficiency.

Autocrat: a ruler with unlimited power.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

IV. Difficulties of neutrality

A. British treatment of U.S.

B. German treatment of U.S.

1. Financed espionage in

American war plants

2. Germany continued sinking

American ships

3. Tried to convince Mexico to

attack the U.S.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

C. Lusitania note (see AH book;

neutral ship?)

D. Further movement away from

neutrality

1. Financial links—the U.S. began

to lend money to the Europeans

in 1915 because Wilson feared

the economic, financial, and

social consequences of American

industry’s failing to secure

European business


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

1914

Allied: 824,860,237

Central: 169,289,777

1915

Allies: 1,991,747,493

Central: 11,878,153

1916

Allies: 3,214,480,547

Central: 279,786,219


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

American businesses: favored war with

Germany because of the huge loans to

the Allies.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

2. British propaganda—effective in

turning the U.S. against Germany


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

British propaganda: contributed to

shifting U.S. public opinion by

portraying Germans as uncivilized.

U-boats were also

considered

uncivilized (GRE)

.


British propaganda

British Propaganda

www.firstworldwar.com


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

3. Election of 1916—main issue was

the war in Europe

Woodrow Wilson: ran on the slogan in

the 1916 election “He kept us out of

war.”

4. Lusitania note--U.S. demands

that Germany cease unrestricted

submarine warfare.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Lusitania: a British passenger liner that

was sunk by a U-boat, killing 1195

passengers including 128 Americans

(GRE).


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

5. Sussex pledge—German promise

to warn ships before sinking


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

`

Sussex pledge: the German government

again promised that U-boats would warn

ships before attacking. They would

break this promise. But the German

government gambled that they could

end the war before the U.S. would enter.

May 31, 1916:”visit and search rules”

Germany demands same of GB. Resume

Jan. 31, 1917 unrestricted warfare


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

U-boat: German submarine; considered

uncivilized to not give warning.

Unterseeboot

1917: 146 u-boats on patrol

UC 44 Class U-boat: 1) Aft torpedo tubes 2) Electric motor

3) Main engine 4) Control room 5) Mine tubes 6) Forward

torpedo tubes 7) Crew quarters


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

6. Unrestricted U-boat warfare—

German resumed it believing that

they could win the war before U.S.

troops reached the front (1917)

-germans-attack-us-navy-boats


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

U-boat cartoons:


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

U-boats Lost in action

U5: Sunk in the North Sea, December, 1914.

U6: Destroyed by Submarine E16, in the North Sea, 15th September, 1915.

U7: Sunk in the North Sea, January, 1915.

U8: Sunk by Destroyers MAORI and GHURKA, in Straits of Dover, 4th March, 1915.

U10: Sunk in the North Sea, May, 1916.

U11: Sunk in the North Sea, December, 1914.

U12: Rammed by Destroyer ARIEL, off Aberdeen Coast, 10th March, 1915.

U13: Sunk in the North Sea, 12th September, 1914.

U14: Rammed by Trawler HAWK, after being diabled by gunfire, off Peterhead, 5th June, 1915.

U15: Rammed by Light Cruiser BIRMINGHAM, off the Orkneys, 9th August, 1914.

U18: Rammed by Minesweeping Trawler 96, one mile off Hoxa entrance to Scapa Flow, 24th November, 1914.

U23: Torpedoed by submarine C27, working in conjunction with trawler PRINCESS LOUISE, in the North Sea, 20th July, 1915.

U26: Lost in the Baltic, August, 1915.

U27: Sunk off the South of Ireland, 19th August, 1915.

U28: Destroyed in the White Sea, 2nd September, 1917.

U29: Rammed by Battleship DREADNOUGHT, 18th March, 1915.

U31: Destroyed, January, 1915.

U32: Destroyed in the Mediterranean, 8th May, 1918.

U34: Sunk in the Mediterranean, 9th November, 1918.

U36: Sunk by gunfire of Special Service Vessel PRINCE CHARLES, near North Rona, 24th July, 1915.

U37: Lost in the North Sea, about June, 1915.

U40: Sunk by the submarine C24, working in conjunction with a trawler, 50 miles SE by S of Girdle Ness, 23rd June, 1915.

U41: sunk by armed merchant cruiser BARALONG, off South of Ireland, 24th September, 1915.

U44: destroyed in the North Sea, 12th August, 1917.

U45: Torpedoed by Submarine D7, off North of Ireland, 12th September,1917.

U48: Destroyed by gunfire of destroyer GIPSY and five drifters, while stranded on Goodwins, 24th November, 1917.

U49: Rammed by P61, in the Atlantic, 11th September, 1917.

U50: Lost in the North Sea, between 1st and 11th October, 1917.

U51: Torpedoed by submarine H5, in Helgoland Bight, 14th July, 1916.

U56: Destroyed in the Artic Sea, 2nd November,1916.

U58: Sunk by U.S. Destroyers FANNING and NICHOLSON, off South of Ireland, 17th November, 1917.

U59: Destroyed in the North Sea, 14th May, 1917.

U61: Sunk in St. George's Channel, 26th March 1918.

U64: Destroyed in the Mediterranean, 17th June, 1918.

U66: Lost in the North Sea, between 1st and 11th October, 1917.

U68: Sunk off of the South of Ireland, 22nd March, 1916.

U69: Sunk by destroyer PATRIOT, in the North Sea, 12th July, 1917.

U74: Sunk in the North Sea, 27th May, 1916.

U75: Sunk in the North Sea, 13th December, 1917.

U76: Sunk in the Arctic Sea, 26th May, 1917.

U77: Lost in the North Sea, 7th July, 1916.

U78: Destroyed by submarine G2, in the North Sea, 28th October, 1918.

U81: Destroyed in the Atlantic, 1st May, 1917.

U83: Sunk off S.W. of Ireland, 17th February, 1917.

U84: Sunk in St. Georges Channel, 26th January, 1918.

U85: Sunk in English Channel, 12th March, 1917.

U87: Sunk in the Irish Sea, 25th December, 1917.

U88: Sunk in the Atlantic, 17th September, 1917.

U89: Rammed by cruiser ROXBURGH, off N.E. of Ireland, 12th February, 1918.

U92: Sunk in the North Sea, 9th September, 1918.

U93: Sunk by Special Service Vessel PRIZE, in English Channel, 7th January, 1918.

U95: Lost about January, 1918.

U99: Sunk off the west of Ireland, 20th June, 1917.

U102: Lost, probably in the North Sea, September, 1918.

U103: Rammed by S.S. OLYMPIC, in English Channel, 12th May, 1918.

U104: Sunk by sloop JESSAMINE, off South of Ireland, 25th April, 1918

U106: Lost in the North Sea, between 5th and 9th October, 1917.

U109: Destroyed in Dover area, 26th January, 1918.

U110: Sunk off North of Ireland, 15th March, 1918.

U154: Torpedoed by submarine E35, in the Atlantic, in Latitude of Cape St. Vincent, 11th May, 1918.

U156: Sunk in the North Sea, 25th September, 1918.

UB1: Lost in the Mediteranean, around August, 1915.

UB3: Sunk in the North Sea, 24th April, 1916.

UB4: Sunk in the North Sea, 11th August, 1915.

UB7: Destroyed by Russians, in Black Sea, October 1916.

UB12: Lost in the North Sea, about August, 1918.

UB13: Lost March, 1916.

UB15: Lost in the Mediteranean, about May, 1916.

UB16: Sunk by Submarine E34, in the North Sea, 10th May, 1918.

UB17: Sunk in English Channel, 25th February, 1918.

UB18: Sunk in English Channel, 17th November, 1917.

UB19: Sunk by Special Service Ship PENHURST, in English Channel, 30th November, 1916.

UB20: Destroyed by Seaplanes 8676 and 8862, in the North Sea, 29th July, 1917.

UB22: Sunk in the North Sea, 19th January, 1918.

UB26: Sunk in the English Channel, 5th April, 1916; subsequently salved by the French, and commisioned as ROLAND MOULLOT.

UB27: Sunk in the North Sea, 29th July, 1917.

UB29: Sunk by Destroyer ARIEL 12 miles SW of Bishop Rock Ligthhouse, 6th December, 1916.

UB30: Sunk in the North Sea, 13th August, 1918.

UB31: Destroyed in Dover area, 2nd May, 1918.

UB32: Destroyed by seaplane 9860, 27 miles North of Cape Barfleur, 18th August, 1917.

UB33: Mined in Dover area, 11th April, 1918.

UB35: Destroyed in Dover Area, 26th January, 1918.

UB36: Lost in June, 1917.

UB37: Destroyed by Special Service Ship PENHURST, in English Channel, 14th January, 1917.

UB38: Destroyed in Dover area, 8th February, 1918.

UB39: Sunk in English Channel, 17th May, 1917.

UB41: Sunk in the North Sea, 5th October, 1917.

UB44: Destroyed in the Mediterranean, 30th July, 1916.

UB45: Sunk in the Black Sea, 30th October, 1916.

UB46: Sunk in the Dardanelles, 16th December 1916.

UB52: Torpedoed by Submarine H4, in the Adriatic, 23rd May, 1918.

UB53: Sunk in the Adriatic, 3rd August, 1918.

UB54: Sunk in the North Sea, 11th March, 1918.

UB55: Sunk in Dover area, 22nd April, 1918.

UB56: Sunk in Dover area, 19th, December 1917.

UB57: Sunk in the North Sea, 14th August, 1918.

UB58: Sunk in Dover area, 10th March 1918.

UB61: Sunk in the North Sea, 29th November, 1917.

UB63: Sunk in the North Sea, 28th January, 1918.

UB65: Destroyed by explosion of own torpedo on 10th July, 1918.

UB66: Sunk in the Mediterranean, 18th January, 1918.

UB68: Scuttled by crew after being disabled by gunfire of Sloop SNAPDRAGON and Trawler CRADOSIN, 4th October, 1918.

UB69: Sunk in the Mediterranean, 8th January, 1918.

UB70: Sunk in the Mediterranean, by British Destroyer BASILISK and USS SYDONIA, 8th May 1918.

UB71: Sunk in Straits of Gibraltar, 21st April, 1918.

UB72: Torpedoed in English Channel, 12 May, 1918.

UB74: Rammed and depth charged, by Armed Yacht LORNA, off Portland Bill, 26th May, 1918.

UB75: Sunk in the North Sea, 10th December, 1917.

UB78: Sunk in the English Channel, 9th May, 1918.

UB81: Sunk in English Channel, 2nd December, 1917.

UB82: Sunk off North of Ireland, 17th April, 1918.

UB83: Sunk in the North Sea, 10th September, 1918.

UB85: Sunk in the Irish Sea, 30th April 1918.

UB90: Sunk in action with Submarine L12, off Norwegian Coast, 16th October, 1918.

UB103: Destroyed in Dover area, 16th September 1918.

UB104: Sunk in the North Sea, 19th September, 1918.

UB107: Sunk in the North Sea, 27th July, 1918.

UB108: Lost about July, 1918.

UB109: Destroyed in Dover area, 29th August, 1918.

UB110: Rammed by Destroyer GARRY, off Roker, 19th July, 1918, adn subsequently raised by the British.

UB113: Lost probably in the North Sea, September, 1918.

UB115: Sunk in the North Sea, 29th September, 1918.

UB116: Sunk in the North Sea, 28th October, 1918.

UB119: Lost about May, 1918.

UB123: Sunk in the North Sea, 19th October, 1918.

UB124: Sunk off North of Ireland, 20th July, 1918.

UB127: Lost, probably in the North Sea, September, 1918.

UC1: Sunk in the North Sea, 24th July, 1917.

UC2: Sunk in the North Sea, 2nd July, 1915.

UC3: Sunk in the North Sea, 23trd April, 1916.

UC5: Captured while stranded on Shipwash Shoal, 27th April, 1916.

UC6: Sunk in the North Sea, 28th September, 1917.

UC7: Sunk in the North Sea, 21st August, 1916.

UC8: Stranded on Trschelling, 6th November 1915, and acquired by Dutch Navy as M1.

UC9: Sunk in the North Sea, about October, 1915.

UC10: Sunk in the North sea, 6th July, 1916.

UC11: Sunk in the North Sea, 26th June, 1918.

UC12: Sunk in the Mediterranean, 17th March 1916.

UC13: Sunk by the Russians, in the Black Sea, about November, 1916.

UC14: Sunk in the North Sea, about October, 1917.

UC15: Sunk in the Black Sea, November, 1916.

UC16: Destroyed by Destroyer MELAMPUS off Selsea Bill, 23rd October, 1917.

UC18: Sunk in the North Sea, 12th March 1917.

UC19: Destroyed by Destroyer LLEWELLYN, in Straits of Dover, 4th December, 1916.

UC21: Sunk in the North Sea, 27th September, 1917.

UC24: Sunk off Cattaro, 24th May, 1917.

UC26: Rammed by Destroyer MILNE, off mouth of Thames, 9th May 1917.

UC29: Sunk off SW of Ireland, 7th June, 1917.

UC30: Sunk in the North Sea, 19th April, 1917.

UC32: Sunk in the North Sea, 23rd February, 1917.

UC33: Sunk in the Irish Sea, 26th September, 1917.

UC35: Sunk by French Patrol Vessel AILLY, off Sardinian Coast, 16th May, 1918.

UC36: Destroyed by Seaplane 8663, 20 miles ENE of Noord Hinder Lightship, 20th May, 1917.

UC38: Sunk in the Mediterranean, 14th December, 1917.

UC39: Sunk in the North Sea, 8th February, 1917.

UC41: Sunk in the North Sea, 21st August, 1917.

UC42: Sunk off South of Ireland, 10th September, 1917.

UC43: Torpedoed by Submarine G13, about 9 miles NW of Muckle Flugga Lighthouse, 10th March, 1917.

UC44: Mined off South of Ireland, 4th August, 1917.

UC46: Rammed by destroyer LIBERTY, in Straits of Dover, 8th February, 1917.

UC47: Sunk by P57 in the North Sea, 18th November, 1917.

UC49: Sunk in the North Sea, 31st May, 1918.

UC50: Sunk by the Destroyer ZUBIAN, in English Channel, 4th February, 1918.

UC51: Sunk by Destroyer FIREDRAKE, in the North Sea, 13th November, 1917.

UC55: Sunk in the North Sea, 29th September, 1917.

UC57: Lost in the Baltic, between 19th and 22nd November, 1917.

UC62: Lost in the North Sea, about October 1917.

UC63: Sunk by Submarine E52, near Straits of Dover, 1st November, 1917.

UC64: Destroyed in Dover area, 20th June 1918.

UC65: Torpedoed by Submarine C15, 3rd November, 1917.

UC66: Sunk in English Channel, 12th June, 1917.

UC68: Sunk by Submarine C7, in the North Sea, 5th April 1917.

UC69: Sunk in the English Channel, 6th December, 1917.

UC70: Sunk in the North Sea, 28th August 1918.

UC72: Sunk in the North Sea, 22nd September, 1917.

UC75: Rammed by Destroyer FAIRY, in the North Sea, 31st May, 1918.

UC77: Destroyed in Dover area, 10th July, 1918.

UC78: Destroyed in Dover area, 2nd May, 1918.

UC79: Sunk by Submarine E45, in the North Sea, 19th October, 1917.

U-boats lost after the Armistice

U16: Foundered, in the Elbe, on voyage to England to surrender, 22nd February, 1919.

U21: Sunk in the North Sea, on voyage to England to surrender, 22nd February, 1919.

U60: Surrendered and subsequently foundered 9 miles S.E. of Berry Head, 12th June, 1919.

U97: Foundered on voyage to England to surrender, 21st November, 1918.

UB89: Foundered, on voyage to England to surrender.

UC40: Foundered, on voyage to England to to surrender, 21st February, 1919.

UC71: Sunk off Heligoland, 20th February, 1919.

UC91: Foundered the North Sea, on voyage to England to surrender, 10th February, 1919.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

7. Zimmermann telegram—proposed

an alliance between Germany and

Mexico to attack the U.S.; in return

Mexico would receive Texas,

Arizona, and N. Mexico

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Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Zimmermann note: Germany’s foreign

secretary made a secret offer to Mexico

to attack the U.S. (Feb . 1917) (GRE)


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Warmup:

List at least five causes why the United States entered the war against Germany during WWI.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Russian Revolution: With the collapse

of the Russian Czar and the installation

of a democratic govt., the U.S. now felt it

could fully commit to the war because

“the world must be made safe for

democracy.” (March 1917)

War Resolution: finally

came about after the

sinking of several more

U.S. ships.

Declaration of War video


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

  • With the belief that German submarine attacks have killed innocent people.

  • “ . . . Property can be paid for; the lives of peaceful and innocent people cannot be. The present German submarine warfare against commerce is a warfare against mankind.” —from A Declaration of War

  • On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war against Germany.


Chapter 23 world war i the student will understand the general causes of wwi and the

Chapter 23 World War I

The student will understand the

general causes of WWI, and the

events and causes that led to U.S.

entry into the war.

AL COS 11th grade #5


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