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The Expansion of Canada . By: Group Four 8-26. Table of Contents. Rupert’s Land: Canada’s Interest in it Red River Resistance and Louis Riel Métis’ List of Rights Manitoba Act of 1870 New Caledonia (British Columbia) Newfoundland and the anti-confederation song

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By: Group Four 8-26

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By group four 8 26

The Expansion of Canada

By: Group Four

8-26


By group four 8 26

Table of Contents

  • Rupert’s Land: Canada’s Interest in it

  • Red River Resistance and Louis Riel

  • Métis’ List of Rights

  • Manitoba Act of 1870

  • New Caledonia (British Columbia)

  • Newfoundland and the anti-confederation song

  • Prince Edward Island Act of 1873

  • The Pacific Scandal

  • Alexander Mackenzie

  • Sir John A. Returns: National Policy

  • The Canadian Pacific Railway

  • The Need for the North West Mounted Police

  • Seven Treaties

  • Bibliography


Rupert s land and the act of 1868

Rupert’s Land and the Act of 1868

  • Good Farmland

    • New farmers started to look farther west, away from Ontario

  • Canadian government’s goals

    • Expand Canada from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean

  • Losing Rupert’s Land to the United States of America

    • Americans would gain control of Rupert’s Land

  • The Act of 1868

    • Allowed British government to transfer Hudson’s Bay Company lands to theCanadian government (1869)

    • Hudson’s Bay company also kept its fur forts and was given large land grants in the West

    • After gaining control of land, Canadian government decided to call this area the North-West Territories

  • Parts of Minnesota and North Dakota, all of Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan, northern Alberta, eastern Nunavut territory, and northern parts of Ontario and Quebec


    Red river resistance and louis riel

    Red River Resistance and Louis Riel

    • Name given to events surrounding actions of provisional government (present-day Manitoba)

    • He worked with Métis to revise List of Rights

    • Louis Riel became leader of Métis

    • Prime goal was to bargain with Canadian government to keep/up bring Métis land and culture rights

    • First act was to stop newly appointed lieutenant governor from entering Red River-1869

    • After seizing Fort Garry, Métis had control of settlement (no battles took place)

    Governing Council (Louis Riel third from left in center row)


    M tis list of rights

    Outlined a list of conditions that they wanted the government to meet and ensure would be followed

    The right to:

    Elect their own legislative assembly

    Right to approve or reject any federal government laws affecting Red River area

    Elect local officials such as sheriffs or constables

    Have land set aside for schools, roads, public buildings

    Have Winnipeg connected to nearest railroad

    Métis List of Rights

    • Amnesty be granted for actions occurring during Resistance

    • All existing customs, rights and privileges remain after joining Canada

    • Basically, called for Provincial status as defined under British North America Act


    Manitoba act of 1870

    Created and entered Confederation after Red River Resistance-1870

    Métis wanted area to become province because provinces had greater control over provincial affairs (more than territories)

    Major defeat for federal government

    Many point from List of Rights became part of Act

    Both French and English were to become official languages

    Government slow in distributing promised land grants to Métis

    Manitoba Act of 1870


    New caledonia british columbia

    New Caledonia (British Columbia)

    • Had few fur forts and was unnecessary to declare it a colony.

    • 1858- gold rush in lower Fraser River brought over 130, 000 miners to New Caledonia.

    • 1858- New Caledonia became a colony and was renamed as British Columbia.

    • 1860- main industries left were farming, coal mining, and lumbering.which could not make up for lack of gold.

    • British afraid that Americans would take British Columbia

    • British concluded that British Columbia should join Canada in order to preserve its link with Britain


    British colony of newfoundland and anti confederation song

    People not interested in confederation

    British showed no interest in growth of Newfoundland’s population growth (settlement not encouraged and confederation rejected)

    Newfoundland not want confederation because:

    Afraid of losing government funded separate schools

    Against political changed that might increase taxes or restrict freedom to choose own trading partners

    They were pleased that Great Britain had granted responsible government and didn’t want to abandon it

    Newfoundland joined confederation in 1949

    Men, hurrah for our own native Isle, Newfoundland,Not a stranger shall hold one inch of her strand;Her face turns to Britain, her Back to the Gulf,Come near at your peril, Canadian Wolf!Cheap tea and molasses they say they will give,All taxes taken off that the poor man may live -Cheap nails and cheap lumber, our coffins to make,And homespun to mend our old clothes when they break.If they take off all taxes, how then will they meetThe heavy expenses on Army and fleet? Just give them the chance to get into the scrap, They'll show you the trick with pen, ink and red tape.Would you barter the right that your fathers have won?No! let them descend from father to son.For a few thousand dollars Canadian goldDon't let it be said that our birthright was sold.

    British Colony of Newfoundland (and Anti-confederation Song)


    British colony of prince edward island act of 1873

    British Colony of Prince Edward Island Act of 1873

    • Confederation: July 1, 1873

    • No celebration or even interest in confederation

    • Seventh province to join confederation


    The pacific scandal

    The Pacific Scandal

    • April 1873- government charged with accepting illegal funds from Sir Hugh Allan

    • In turn for payment, Allan assured he would win Lucrative contract to build Canadian Pacific Railway

    • Awareness of incident, proven by Opposition party, known as Pacific Scandal


    Alexander mackenzie

    Prime minister (1873 &1878)- Liberals

    1873- Macdonald’s government fell as result of Pacific Scandal

    Became Canada’s second prime minister

    Established:

    Supreme court of Canada

    Royal military

    Practice pf voting

    Alexander Mackenzie


    Sir john a returns national policy

    Protective tariffs (highly important duties/taxes):

    Encourage industrial development by allowing raw mtrls. in cheaply

    CDN industries would sell more of own goods

    National railway

    Take settlers to West and bring crops to East

    1880- Canadian Pacific Railway

    Transcontinental railway (Montreal to B.C)

    Settlement of West

    Dominion Land Act- gave settlers 64 hectare land for $10 registration fee

    Sir John A. Returns: National Policy


    The expensive canadian pacific railway 1885

    Part of Macdonald’s policy: “From Sea to Sea”

    With railway, settlers came into Western Canada

    Fulfilled CDN government’s promise to bring B.C. into confederation

    The Expensive Canadian Pacific Railway (1885)

    William Cornelius Van Horne- made it all possible


    The need for the north west mounted police of 1873

    The Need for the North West Mounted Police of 1873

    • Government concerned about American settlers coming North and making north-west part of Canada belong to U.S.A

    • Incident on Cypress Hills showed need for police force

    • Accomplishments:

      • Force whiskey-smugglers to leave

      • Tracked down lawbreakers

      • Gained trust of Native leaders

      • Assistance in treaty negotiations with Western tribes


    Seven treaties 1871 1877

    Prime minister John A. Macdonald believed that the first people should be assimilated or become Canadian

    In 1869 Canadian government bought Hudson’s Bay Company’s claiming to Rupert’s Land

    4 treaties signed between 1889 and 1921

    In 1876 first Indian Act was passed

    Seven Treaties (1871-1877)


    Importance to nationhood

    Importance to Nationhood

    • Rupert’s Land act: expanded from Pacific to Atlantic ocean

    • Red River Resistance: Creation of Manitoba

    • Métis list of rights: Many ideas from list of rights is claimed as our own today

    • New Caledonia: allowed Canada to keep link with Britain and let B.C. join Dominion of Canada

    • Newfoundland: useful fishing industry and establishment of sixth province

    • P.E.I: we can now use Atlantic Coast as entrance for immigration

    • Pacific Scandal: opened us up to option of Alexander Mackenzie (conservative)

    • Alexander Mackenzie: kept good relationship with Native people

    • Canadian Pacific Railway: built easy transportation from coast to coast


    By group four 8 26

    THE END!


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