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ICT - Poverty. Onno W. Purbo [email protected] A Common Indonesian. References. http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/ http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/ Mailing List [email protected] Disclaimer. I am a trained Engineer, not an economist nor a social scientist

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ICT - Poverty

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ICT - Poverty

Onno W. Purbo

[email protected]

A Common Indonesian


References

  • http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/

  • http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/

  • Mailing List

    • [email protected]


Disclaimer ..

  • I am a trained Engineer, not an economist nor a social scientist

  • I tend to simplify things & may be wrong

    • Some thought may be too extreme

    • Consider this as an on going research work


Acknowledgment ..

  • Thank you IDRC

  • Thank you to my friends Basuki Suhardiman, Donny BU, Bona etc .. Who work hard to help the community.


Lots of stories in Indonesia ..

  • Conglomerates economy collapse ..

    • Leaving US$ billion debt & corrupt gov’t

  • Informal sector & SME based economy

  • ICT is one of the media to speed up transactions ..


After 10+ Years …

  • 4+ Million Indonesian Internet Users

  • 2500+ WiFi outdoor installations

  • 2000+ CyberCafes

  • 1500+ schools on the Internet

  • 1000+ Community Radio

  • Not much gov’t funding & support

  • No World Bank, no IMF funding

  • Mostly self-finance


Keywords for Success

  • Education! Education! Education ..

  • Encourage knowledge producer

  • Knowledge Sharing

    To Make Things Difficult

  • No Money, Self-Finance ..

  • Sustainable Process

  • Bottom up

  • Community based Development


Knowledge Cycle


Stereotyping Poor Communities


The Typical ICT Technology

Community

Radio


The Typical ICT Technology

Internet &

Computer


Some Real Examples


Community Broadcasting

  • Source

    • Basuki Suhardiman

    • [email protected]


Community Radio Network in Indonesia

  • Farmer’s Voice Radio Network (JRSP)

  • Fishermen’s Voice Radio Net (JRSN)

  • Worker Voice Radio Network

  • Ina’ Community Radio Net (JRKI)

    • West Java

    • Jakarta


Community Radio Policy

  • Build their Own Radio (FM)

  • Collect money together to build their radio

  • The Gov has released the act/regulation no 32 year 2002 for broadcasting

    • Community radio has been included

    • Only 3 channels allocated


Farmer’s Radio Network (JSRP)

  • Start on 1999

  • Mostly on West Java Region

  • Lead by Mrs. Ida Hidayat (shown in Fig. With Mr. Dadang owner of Radio Citra Utami FM Cianjur)

  • 600 community radios

  • Using FM radio with

    • Height of antenna max 30 meter

    • Max power 100 watt ERP

    • Max bandwidth 350 Khz

    • Max 36 Km2 coverage area (6Kmx6Km)

  • Typical content

    • Information

    • Education

    • Entertainment


Comp. Lab. For Street Children

  • Source:

    • Donny BU

    • [email protected]


Used Equipments


Children Happy …


We do more ..

  • Give free talks on Internet in schools

  • Currently 1500+ schools on Internet

    • 24.000+ high schools in Indonesia

  • Mostly Self-Finance

    • Some support Vocational School Director MoE

    • Investment US$2000-US$4000/school

    • 50 cents/student/month – RoI ~1 Year

    • Movement for WiFi City WAN for School in 5 Cities.

  • We are looking at million Indonesian Future Generation ICT Literate

    • Self-Finance


Community Based WiFi + VoIP Infrastructure


Cost ….

  • 24 Hour Connected to the Internet

  • Ref: http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/

  • Neighborhood Net Infrastructure

    • Investment US$80-100/house

    • Operating US$15-30/house/month

  • VoIP Infrastructure

    • US$25-35/handset vs. US$1000/handset by Telco.

    • Operating US$15-25/month unlimited (including unlimited long distance calls)


What you can do ..

  • Education! Education! Education ..

    • Encourage knowledge producer in local lang.

    • Facilitate Knowledge Sharing

  • Make Sure Stop Gov’t Repressive Actions

    • Liberate more channels for community radios

    • Liberate Community TV

    • Liberate WiFi bands

    • Liberate Community ICT Infrastructure

    • Liberate VoIP

  • Note that most implementation & operations can be community based + self-finance


The catch ..

  • Partnership with Informal (sometimes underground) Visionary Leaders in the country / area.

    • WARNING: It would be difficult to find one through formal channels.


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