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ICT - Poverty. Onno W. Purbo [email protected] A Common Indonesian. References. http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/ http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/ Mailing List [email protected] Disclaimer. I am a trained Engineer, not an economist nor a social scientist

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ICT - Poverty

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Ict poverty

ICT - Poverty

Onno W. Purbo

[email protected]

A Common Indonesian


References

References

  • http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/

  • http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/

  • Mailing List

    • [email protected]


Disclaimer

Disclaimer ..

  • I am a trained Engineer, not an economist nor a social scientist

  • I tend to simplify things & may be wrong

    • Some thought may be too extreme

    • Consider this as an on going research work


Acknowledgment

Acknowledgment ..

  • Thank you IDRC

  • Thank you to my friends Basuki Suhardiman, Donny BU, Bona etc .. Who work hard to help the community.


Lots of stories in indonesia

Lots of stories in Indonesia ..

  • Conglomerates economy collapse ..

    • Leaving US$ billion debt & corrupt gov’t

  • Informal sector & SME based economy

  • ICT is one of the media to speed up transactions ..


After 10 years

After 10+ Years …

  • 4+ Million Indonesian Internet Users

  • 2500+ WiFi outdoor installations

  • 2000+ CyberCafes

  • 1500+ schools on the Internet

  • 1000+ Community Radio

  • Not much gov’t funding & support

  • No World Bank, no IMF funding

  • Mostly self-finance


Keywords for success

Keywords for Success

  • Education! Education! Education ..

  • Encourage knowledge producer

  • Knowledge Sharing

    To Make Things Difficult

  • No Money, Self-Finance ..

  • Sustainable Process

  • Bottom up

  • Community based Development


Knowledge cycle

Knowledge Cycle


Stereotyping poor communities

Stereotyping Poor Communities


The typical ict technology

The Typical ICT Technology

Community

Radio


The typical ict technology1

The Typical ICT Technology

Internet &

Computer


Some real examples

Some Real Examples


Community broadcasting

Community Broadcasting

  • Source

    • Basuki Suhardiman

    • [email protected]


Community radio network in indonesia

Community Radio Network in Indonesia

  • Farmer’s Voice Radio Network (JRSP)

  • Fishermen’s Voice Radio Net (JRSN)

  • Worker Voice Radio Network

  • Ina’ Community Radio Net (JRKI)

    • West Java

    • Jakarta


Community radio policy

Community Radio Policy

  • Build their Own Radio (FM)

  • Collect money together to build their radio

  • The Gov has released the act/regulation no 32 year 2002 for broadcasting

    • Community radio has been included

    • Only 3 channels allocated


Farmer s radio network jsrp

Farmer’s Radio Network (JSRP)

  • Start on 1999

  • Mostly on West Java Region

  • Lead by Mrs. Ida Hidayat (shown in Fig. With Mr. Dadang owner of Radio Citra Utami FM Cianjur)

  • 600 community radios

  • Using FM radio with

    • Height of antenna max 30 meter

    • Max power 100 watt ERP

    • Max bandwidth 350 Khz

    • Max 36 Km2 coverage area (6Kmx6Km)

  • Typical content

    • Information

    • Education

    • Entertainment


Comp lab for street children

Comp. Lab. For Street Children

  • Source:

    • Donny BU

    • [email protected]


Used equipments

Used Equipments


Children happy

Children Happy …


We do more

We do more ..

  • Give free talks on Internet in schools

  • Currently 1500+ schools on Internet

    • 24.000+ high schools in Indonesia

  • Mostly Self-Finance

    • Some support Vocational School Director MoE

    • Investment US$2000-US$4000/school

    • 50 cents/student/month – RoI ~1 Year

    • Movement for WiFi City WAN for School in 5 Cities.

  • We are looking at million Indonesian Future Generation ICT Literate

    • Self-Finance


Community based wifi voip infrastructure

Community Based WiFi + VoIP Infrastructure


Ict poverty

Cost ….

  • 24 Hour Connected to the Internet

  • Ref: http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/

  • Neighborhood Net Infrastructure

    • Investment US$80-100/house

    • Operating US$15-30/house/month

  • VoIP Infrastructure

    • US$25-35/handset vs. US$1000/handset by Telco.

    • Operating US$15-25/month unlimited (including unlimited long distance calls)


What you can do

What you can do ..

  • Education! Education! Education ..

    • Encourage knowledge producer in local lang.

    • Facilitate Knowledge Sharing

  • Make Sure Stop Gov’t Repressive Actions

    • Liberate more channels for community radios

    • Liberate Community TV

    • Liberate WiFi bands

    • Liberate Community ICT Infrastructure

    • Liberate VoIP

  • Note that most implementation & operations can be community based + self-finance


The catch

The catch ..

  • Partnership with Informal (sometimes underground) Visionary Leaders in the country / area.

    • WARNING: It would be difficult to find one through formal channels.


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