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ICT - Poverty. Onno W. Purbo [email protected] A Common Indonesian. References. http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/ http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/ Mailing List [email protected] Disclaimer. I am a trained Engineer, not an economist nor a social scientist

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ict poverty

ICT - Poverty

Onno W. Purbo

[email protected]

A Common Indonesian

references
References
  • http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/
  • http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/
  • Mailing List
disclaimer
Disclaimer ..
  • I am a trained Engineer, not an economist nor a social scientist
  • I tend to simplify things & may be wrong
    • Some thought may be too extreme
    • Consider this as an on going research work
acknowledgment
Acknowledgment ..
  • Thank you IDRC
  • Thank you to my friends Basuki Suhardiman, Donny BU, Bona etc .. Who work hard to help the community.
lots of stories in indonesia
Lots of stories in Indonesia ..
  • Conglomerates economy collapse ..
    • Leaving US$ billion debt & corrupt gov’t
  • Informal sector & SME based economy
  • ICT is one of the media to speed up transactions ..
after 10 years
After 10+ Years …
  • 4+ Million Indonesian Internet Users
  • 2500+ WiFi outdoor installations
  • 2000+ CyberCafes
  • 1500+ schools on the Internet
  • 1000+ Community Radio
  • Not much gov’t funding & support
  • No World Bank, no IMF funding
  • Mostly self-finance
keywords for success
Keywords for Success
  • Education! Education! Education ..
  • Encourage knowledge producer
  • Knowledge Sharing

To Make Things Difficult

  • No Money, Self-Finance ..
  • Sustainable Process
  • Bottom up
  • Community based Development
the typical ict technology1
The Typical ICT Technology

Internet &

Computer

community radio network in indonesia
Community Radio Network in Indonesia
  • Farmer’s Voice Radio Network (JRSP)
  • Fishermen’s Voice Radio Net (JRSN)
  • Worker Voice Radio Network
  • Ina’ Community Radio Net (JRKI)
    • West Java
    • Jakarta
community radio policy
Community Radio Policy
  • Build their Own Radio (FM)
  • Collect money together to build their radio
  • The Gov has released the act/regulation no 32 year 2002 for broadcasting
    • Community radio has been included
    • Only 3 channels allocated
farmer s radio network jsrp
Farmer’s Radio Network (JSRP)
  • Start on 1999
  • Mostly on West Java Region
  • Lead by Mrs. Ida Hidayat (shown in Fig. With Mr. Dadang owner of Radio Citra Utami FM Cianjur)
  • 600 community radios
  • Using FM radio with
    • Height of antenna max 30 meter
    • Max power 100 watt ERP
    • Max bandwidth 350 Khz
    • Max 36 Km2 coverage area (6Kmx6Km)
  • Typical content
    • Information
    • Education
    • Entertainment
we do more
We do more ..
  • Give free talks on Internet in schools
  • Currently 1500+ schools on Internet
    • 24.000+ high schools in Indonesia
  • Mostly Self-Finance
    • Some support Vocational School Director MoE
    • Investment US$2000-US$4000/school
    • 50 cents/student/month – RoI ~1 Year
    • Movement for WiFi City WAN for School in 5 Cities.
  • We are looking at million Indonesian Future Generation ICT Literate
    • Self-Finance
slide22
Cost ….
  • 24 Hour Connected to the Internet
  • Ref: http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/
  • Neighborhood Net Infrastructure
    • Investment US$80-100/house
    • Operating US$15-30/house/month
  • VoIP Infrastructure
    • US$25-35/handset vs. US$1000/handset by Telco.
    • Operating US$15-25/month unlimited (including unlimited long distance calls)
what you can do
What you can do ..
  • Education! Education! Education ..
    • Encourage knowledge producer in local lang.
    • Facilitate Knowledge Sharing
  • Make Sure Stop Gov’t Repressive Actions
    • Liberate more channels for community radios
    • Liberate Community TV
    • Liberate WiFi bands
    • Liberate Community ICT Infrastructure
    • Liberate VoIP
  • Note that most implementation & operations can be community based + self-finance
the catch
The catch ..
  • Partnership with Informal (sometimes underground) Visionary Leaders in the country / area.
    • WARNING: It would be difficult to find one through formal channels.
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