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Dictionary Skills. 2 nd Grade. Why Use a Dictionary?. to see how to spell a word principal to learn how to say a word correctly ( prin-suh-puhl ) to find what the word mean A principal is a person who leads a school. to see how to use words in sentences

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why use a dictionary
Why Use a Dictionary?
  • to see how to spell a word
    • principal
  • to learn how to say a word correctly
    • (prin-suh-puhl)
  • to find what the word mean
    • A principal is a person who leads a school.
  • to see how to use words in sentences
    • The students listened to the principal as he spoke about how to behave in the school.
guide words and entry words
Guide Words and EntryWords

Guide words – show the first word and the last word on the page.

The guide words on this page are painting and panda

Entry words – are in ABC order. In this dictionary, they appear in red.

quick way to look for a word
Quick way to look for a word

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

  • Start by going to the beginning, middle or end of the dictionary to locate a word.
      • Example: If you were looking for the word cat, would you find the word in the beginning, middle or end of the dictionary? How about:
        • forgetshakeopposite
using the guide words
Using the guide words:

Lets practice locating a word using the guide words.

We will locate the word new by locating one letter at a time.

  • n
  • If the first letters match, look at the second letter.
  • e
  • If the second letters match, look at the third letter etc.
  • w

What page number is it on?

141

one more time
One more time

g

r

a

p

e

grape

syllable
syllable
  • (part of a spoken word). A dictionary generally uses dots between the syllables of a word.
  • Can you sound out these words?
  • Clap the number of syllables in theses words.
    • serious (sir-ee-uhs)
    • polite (puh-lite)
    • passenger (pas-uhn-juhr)
    • dictionary (dik-shuh-ner-ee)
    • wonderful (wuhn-duhr-fuhl)
students brainstorm quietly in groups
Students brainstorm – quietly in groups
  • antonym (a word that is the opposite of another word). A dictionary may list an antonym for a word. Can you think of an antonym for:
    • happy short dark
    • sad tall light
  • synonym (one of two or more words that have highly similar meanings). A dictionary may list synonyms for a word. Can you think of a synonym for:
    • little rock funny
    • small stone silly
homophones
homophones
  • Some words sound alike but have different meanings. These words are called homophones. Look up these words in a dictionary.
  • ate/eight
  • flower/flour
  • plane/plain
  • Night/knight
assessment
Assessment
  • Now try some on your own.
  • Words to look up (hand out worksheet)

clown

Newspaper

dragon

    • sink
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