Dictionary skills
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Dictionary Skills. 2 nd Grade. Why Use a Dictionary?. to see how to spell a word principal to learn how to say a word correctly ( prin-suh-puhl ) to find what the word mean A principal is a person who leads a school. to see how to use words in sentences

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Dictionary Skills

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Dictionary skills

Dictionary Skills

2nd Grade


Why use a dictionary

Why Use a Dictionary?

  • to see how to spell a word

    • principal

  • to learn how to say a word correctly

    • (prin-suh-puhl)

  • to find what the word mean

    • A principal is a person who leads a school.

  • to see how to use words in sentences

    • The students listened to the principal as he spoke about how to behave in the school.


Guide words and entry words

Guide Words and EntryWords

Guide words – show the first word and the last word on the page.

The guide words on this page are painting and panda

Entry words – are in ABC order. In this dictionary, they appear in red.


Quick way to look for a word

Quick way to look for a word

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

  • Start by going to the beginning, middle or end of the dictionary to locate a word.

    • Example: If you were looking for the word cat, would you find the word in the beginning, middle or end of the dictionary? How about:

      • forgetshakeopposite


Using the guide words

Using the guide words:

Lets practice locating a word using the guide words.

We will locate the word new by locating one letter at a time.

  • n

  • If the first letters match, look at the second letter.

  • e

  • If the second letters match, look at the third letter etc.

  • w

    What page number is it on?

    141


Now try to find the secret word remember the rule one letter at a time

Now try to find the Secret Word. Remember the rule…one letter at a time.

r

o

o

s

t

e

r

rooster


Let s try again

Let’s try again

o

n

i

o

n

onion


One more time

One more time

g

r

a

p

e

grape


Syllable

syllable

  • (part of a spoken word). A dictionary generally uses dots between the syllables of a word.

  • Can you sound out these words?

  • Clap the number of syllables in theses words.

    • serious (sir-ee-uhs)

    • polite (puh-lite)

    • passenger (pas-uhn-juhr)

    • dictionary (dik-shuh-ner-ee)

    • wonderful (wuhn-duhr-fuhl)


Students brainstorm quietly in groups

Students brainstorm – quietly in groups

  • antonym (a word that is the opposite of another word). A dictionary may list an antonym for a word. Can you think of an antonym for:

    • happy shortdark

    • sadtalllight

  • synonym (one of two or more words that have highly similar meanings). A dictionary may list synonyms for a word. Can you think of a synonym for:

    • littlerock funny

    • smallstonesilly


Homophones

homophones

  • Some words sound alike but have different meanings. These words are called homophones. Look up these words in a dictionary.

  • ate/eight

  • flower/flour

  • plane/plain

  • Night/knight


Assessment

Assessment

  • Now try some on your own.

  • Words to look up (hand out worksheet)

    clown

    Newspaper

    dragon

    • sink


Good job

Good Job!


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