Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies
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Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies. Constructivist. Individuals construct knowledge by working to solve realistic problems, usually in collaboration with others . Learning as a change in meaning constructed from experience .

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Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies

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Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies

Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies


Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies

  • Constructivist

Individuals construct knowledge by working to solve realistic problems, usually in collaboration with others.

Learning as a change in meaning constructed from experience.

Individual interpretation of experience vs. objective representation (information processing perspective)

Principles

Learning is the process where individuals construct new ideas or concepts based on prior knowledge and/or experience.

Definition

Pedroni, L. 2004 (Original Creator)

Instructional Development Timeline.

http://my-ecoach.com/idtimeline/learningtheory.html accessed 26 October 2008.


Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies

  • Behavioural

  • The influence of the external environment contributes to the shaping of the individual's behaviour.

  • The environment presents an antecedent that prompts a behaviour.

  • Whether the behaviour occurs again is dependent on the consequence that follows it.

Principles

Learning occurs when new behaviours or changes in behaviours are acquired as the result of an individual’s response to stimuli.

Definition

Pedroni, L. 2004 (Original Creator)

Instructional Development Timeline.

http://my-ecoach.com/idtimeline/learningtheory.html accessed 26 October 2008.


Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies

  • Cognitive

Governed by internal process rather than by external circumstance (behaviourism).

Process of selecting information (Attention), translating information (Encoding), and recalling that information when appropriate (Retrieval).

Principles

Seeks to explain how the environment modifies human behaviour, yet assumes that something else is going on in what is called the information processing system.

Definition

Driscoll, 1994, p.68 cited in Jackson, W H. 1996. A Survey of an Adult Learner. http://cybermesa.com/~bjackson/Papers/Adultlearner.htm accessed 26 October 2008.


Influential learning theories encountered in previous studies

  • Social

People can learn by observing.

Learning can occur without a change in behaviour.

Cognition plays a role in learning.

Social learning theory can be considered a bridge or a transition between behaviouristlearning theories and cognitive learning theories.

Principles

Centres on the learning that occurs within a social context.

Mix of behaviour and cognition theories.

Includes observation and imitation in the learning process.

Definition

Ormrod, J.E. 1999. Human learning (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.


Albert bandura social cognitive theory

Albert Bandura – Social Cognitive Theory

constructivist

Albert Bandura is the theorist behind Social Cognitive Theory – his ObservationalLearning Model draws on 4 psychological traditions, creating a BRIDGE between them.

cognitive

behavioural

social


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