“HYPOTHESIS OF PETER BELLWOOD AND EUSEBIO DIZON”. The batanes archeological and the “Out of Taiwan” project for Austronesian Dispersal. THE BATANES ISLANDS. 150 km from southern tip of Taiwan 200km from north coast of Luzon Separated by:
“HYPOTHESIS OF PETER BELLWOOD AND EUSEBIO DIZON”
The batanes archeological and the “Out of Taiwan” project for Austronesian Dispersal
- Balintang channel and Babuyan islands
- bashi channel
Bellwood stated that there is contact between southern part of Taiwan and Batanes Island through trading. There are boat like shaped made of wood and stone and also based on the evidences the researchers had found like the artifacts, pottery, nephrite and slate. This contact was made through trading. And there is no evidence that their is Pleistocene.
- Sunget phase
- Naidi phase
- Raikwaydi phase
Summary of the current state in batanes
- 40-65 cm depth
- released by forest clearance
- occupational activity
- in 2005, all eroded away
- white lime / undecorated plain
- red-slipped sherds
- more of volcanic ash
- 2 identified areas of occupation:
* Sunget top terrace
* Sunget main terrace
- Neolithic date in taiwan
- assemblages of stamped
- red-slipped pottery in cagayan
- Globular restricted vessels which were probably placed on tall ring feet with everted tall and unthickened rims some being concave in profile to take lips that have thin shallow external grooves.
- Open bowls with direct rim, mostly rounded but with a few on ring feet. Some are externally decorated of close-set stamped circles.
- Circular-sectioned lugs or handles, attached either horizontal or vertically to the sides of globular restricted vessels.
- one decorated with stamped circles
-> this links to many contemporary Neolithic sites in northern and eastern taiwan.
-> rare but similar whorls also occur in 3500-2500 BP cagayan valley sites.
- large number of notched
- flat ovate pebble/sinkers
- tanged quadrangular adze
- point of black slate
both presumably from taiwan.
- evidence of flaked tone tools
- caves or rock shelters except for one sherd in mavatory shelter on batan.
Problems with dating: δ^13C ‰ and Reservoir effects
“Torongan and sunget”
- uptake of ancient radiocarbon in the food residue
- marine shell samples
(in the case of torongan cave).
They offer these following observations:
Batanes island have no significant freshwater fish and shellfish resources
Particular lies over a volcanic ash sequence that is at least 5 m deep of rods . Furthermore, the mahatao shoreline is of volcanic rock, not limestone.
The overall cultural sequence of the batanes islands, in the assemblages of Torongan and Sunget, with their strong Taiwan and Cagayan neolithic affinities, are clearly older in stylistic terms than those of Naidi, which tends to resemble. Iron age assemblages in the Cagayan valley in terms of pottery.
ANARO AND NAIDI
2500 BP TO MID/LATE FIRST MILLENNIUM AD.
- quite sharp carinations
- vessel rims
- notched pebbles “sinkers”.
- this suggests that a large population was already in occupation.
- Anaro 1- recent materials
- Anaro 2-pottery
-horned barkcloth beater of volcanic rock
- Anaro 3- 1 square meter
- spindle whorls
* In 2005, Anaro 4 was found – new cleared field strewn pottery with sunget rim styles.
- penannular earrings
WERE THE BATANES ISLANDS THE EXTRA-FORMOSAN HOMELAND?
- pottery vessels
- waisted hoe
- taiwan slate and nephrites
- bioclonical spindle whorls
- notched stone sinkers
Solheim and Anderson