The I talian E xperience on Public Buildings’ Estate Valorization ULI LONDON 3rd november 2013. Summary. This ANCI - FPC presentation describes the following topics: the relationships between the State central government and Municipalities ,
The Italian Experience on Public Buildings’ Estate Valorization
3rd november 2013
This ANCI - FPC presentation describes the following topics:
Italy is a Country
constantly structured upon urban centers
The Italian history:ancient Rome, Middle Ages, industrial revolution, modernity….
the 2001 reform changing
The Title 5th of the Italian Constitution
has deep roots.
Regions, Provinces and Municipalities
They are no longer structured in a hierarchical relationship,
in which the State rules taking over the top decision power,
but in a ratio of equality.
Separation of powers - subjection to the same limitations.
The subsidiarity principle replaces the sovereignty principle
guarantors for the application of the law principles,
set by the State, to the fundamental issues of Municipalities.
remains the unity and uniformity guarantor for the essential levels of services concerning civil and social rights
The reform opens a new season
of administrative and functional federation among Municipality
The most interesting regional governments’ experiences
identify compound subjects entrusted for essential particularly expensive administrative functions’ management
The majority of Municipalities have populations under 5.000 inhabitants;
The connection and negotiation practices among the different levels of government Institutions consist of:
The “ConferenzaStato-citttà e autonomielocali”
In this organizational framework, very important is the exchange and collaboration work taking place in the associations of Local Administrative Institutions
the most important and widespread of which concern Municipalities : ANCI.
For the central government the public buildings sale is mainly used for balancing the Budget.
Two different roads characterize the sale of public assets currently:
if the reuse is in line with the existing planning instruments
if the reuse is not in line with the existing planning instruments
The property mus be included in the Municipality forecast lists add to the Budget
All operations must be done
through a public tender
Reuse in line
Reuse not in line
If the use it is not covered by the government of the territory plan
in force, is necessary change it. The Regions defines the principles
The Municipalities define the strategies of government land and
decide the design choices of the territory and its transformations
ANCI, recognizing the great importance of the public real estate play this season
has given life to the “Patrimonio Comune” Foundation
The relations between the Regions and Municipality
decision-making processes - “ ConsigliodelleAutonomie”;
implementation of individual complex transactions -“ConferenzadeiServizi” and authorization programs’ agreement among various involved Institutions
informal consultation to assess the purposes of all the active stakeholders involved to define the most effective process aimed at shared initiatives’ promotion through an action- table around which public Institutions negotiate with private developers.
Often the consultation table is activated prior to the “ConferenzadeiServizi” and outlines the contents of the program implementation.
reading the rules
PUV first generation and PUVAT, joint-planning procedures that focus on the real estate specific scenarios identification, upon which an action-program is articulated, primarily chosen by assessments of economic development issues for the reference area and the strategy defined by Municipality. Currently the working PUV and active PUVAT are about a dozen.
The purpose of the Municipality: to assume an active role in identifying the transformation scenarios and lead the range of choices aligned with its strategic planning, economic growth programs implementation according to local economy requirements.
The purpose of the Agency: is to plan economically sustainable operations directed to the private market (domestic and international); operations achievable in the short term, lower-risk, after having signed the process agreements for Municipality’s commitment.
It is a State asset that Agency opened to local authorities (and perhaps in the future also to private owners) aimed at creating a pool of opportunities in the tourism sector.
The distinctive characters:
high environmental value properties,
gathered under a distinctive Brand,
The transformation may consider: sales where possible (in Italy, not every historic building may become public property), the sale to an investment fund or the granting under management agreements.
The private investors have two choices:
to identify and directly realize transactions that have already come to market with a good degree of administrative definition (acceptable risk)
to rely on the consulting SGRs, mediators of transformation operations, or invest in real estate funds.
The experience of the Investment Funds, however, is going through renewal with the launch of “INVIMIT”, the public SGR that will have the main task to support local Authorities in properties’ management operations.
FPC provide support to Municipalities for the implementation of these complex programs, and in analyzing their real estate assets opportunities related to their valorization strategic planning.
The “Piano Città”
The “Piano Città” is the last Ministerial Investment Program based upon infrastructure construction as a driving force for the development of territories.
Strategic advancement: the new driver issues rely upon the redevelopment of urban centers and the control of built environment.
The quality of life becomes the new key factor of attraction for private investors.
The “Piano Città” becomes a reorganization enterprise within the existing and programmable initiatives to be implemented on urban centers.
AState driven stimulus to outline coherent and mutually advantageous operations, aimed at involving private stakeholders, with government guaranty, greater soundness for successful programs.
The “Piano Città”
What did not work: the ‘ideological’ issues of this great value program have imposed great organization and administration difficulties.
What worked successful: the effort for reorganization, a true support for the assertion of local autonomy
Auditing of emerged problems and negative sides of this experience,
pursue a real representation of the needs of urban areas,
conveyed this needs to the central State Institutions for the new phase of future programs,
develop a Community to discuss and to outline innovative models of interaction between local and central decision-making Institutions and stakeholders.