La energ a como vector del cambio productivo
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León 26 de Enero de 2011. La energía como vector del cambio productivo. Paco Ramos. Energía en España 2009.

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La energía como vector del cambio productivo

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La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

León

26 de Enero de 2011

La energía como vector del cambio productivo

Paco Ramos


Energ a en espa a 2009

Energía en España 2009


Planificaci n de los sectores de electricidad y gas

Cambio de modelo.- Se ha pasado de efectuar un programa de obligado cumplimiento, donde se definían todas las inversiones que habían de acometerse, al modelo que propone la actual Ley, donde se establece una libertad efectiva en cuanto a la instalación de centrales generadoras.

Esta Ley tiene como excepción lo que se refiere a las instalaciones de transporte, que quedan adscritas a la planificación vinculante estatal. De forma equivalente a la descrita para el sector eléctrico, la Ley 34/1998, del Sector de Hidrocarburos, establece que, en lo referente a la planificación gasista, la planificación también tendrá carácter indicativo, salvo en lo que se refiere a los gasoductos de la red básica, a la determinación de la capacidad de regasificación total para abastecer el sistema y a las instalaciones de almacenamiento de reservas estratégicas de hidrocarburos.

Planificación de los sectores de electricidad y gas


Sistema el ctrico espa ol 1997

Sistema Eléctrico Español 1997

Fuente: REE


Centrales de gas en cc

Centrales de Gas en CC

Fuente ENAGAS


Sistema el ctrico espa ol 2010

Sistema Eléctrico Español 2010

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Balance Anual (I)

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Balance Anual (II)

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Participación por Tecnología

HUECO TÉRMICO

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Participación por Tecnología CyL

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Decreto del Carbón

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Decreto del Carbón


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Decreto del Carbón


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Decreto del Carbón

Fuente REE


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Decreto del Carbón


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Decreto del Carbón


Decreto del carb n

Decreto del Carbón


Decreto del carb n1

Decreto del Carbón


Decreto del carb n2

Decreto del Carbón


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono

EUA 14 €/t

CER 12 €/t


Captura carbono

€/MWh

20€/t CO2

Captura Carbono

€/MWh

20€/t CO2

Fuente: The Ecofin Research Foundation (www.ecofinfoundation.org)


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono

2009-09-01

Vattenfall postpones CO2 storage project in Northern Jutland

Under present financial climate, Vattenfall has decided to focus its further development regarding CCS on the demonstration plant in Germany (Jänschwalde) and other sites. The CCS project in Denmark will now be postponed until CCS becomes commercial. This means that CO2 storage outside Aalborg could start earliest a couple of years after 2014.

"CCS will be needed to tackle climate change. Therefore, CCS is still being planned at Nordjyllandsvaerket. However, we have decided to postpone the introduction so that we could take advantage of the foreseen fast development of capture technologies that will be a result of the demonstration plant at Jänschwalde and other CCS sites around the world. We still intend to use the Vedsted structure, in Northern Jutland for CO2 storage since it looks very promising and everything indicates that it would meet criteria for safe storage of CO2" says Erland Christensen, Head of Business Unit Heat Nordic.

"Geological investigations are required before a formation could be opened up for CO2 storage - especially safety criteria have to be proven. We hope to restart the geological investigations in 2011 - 2012" says Erland Christensen

http://www.vattenfall.com/en/ccs/press-detailshidden.htm?newsid=7B596DBC3DF644CF91D5FE36F542B6C5&WT.ac=search_success


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono

Fortum scraps CCS project in Finland Projects / Policy, Nov  04  2010 (Carbon Capture Journal)

Finnish energy company Fortum Oyj will discontinue the Finncap carbon capture and storage (CCS) project, due to the technological and financial risks.

The decision is also based on the company's updated strategy.

For the past couple of years, Fortum and Teollisuuden Voima (TVO) have collaborated on the Finncap project, the aim of which has been to build a large-scale demonstration plant for carbon capture and storage (CCS) at the companies’ jointly-owned Meri-Pori power plant.

Based on studies that have been done and on the company’s updated strategy, Fortum has now decided to not continue with the project. Consequently, the Finncap project will not pursue being part of the European Union’s CCS demonstration programme, the application period of which will begin soon. TVO withdrew from the project earlier this autumn.

Also the technological and financial risks related to the project contributed to Fortum’s decision. Acceptance into the EU programme would have covered only a portion of the costs of the approximately EUR 500-million project. In addition to EU funding, the project would have required national funding from Finland and significant investments from the companies participating in it.


La energ a como vector del cambio productivo

Captura Carbono

Shell Barendrecht project cancelled Storage, Nov  05  2010 (Carbon Capture Journal)

The project was cancelled mainly because of the local opposition to the plan.

Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation Maxime Verhagen announced the decision.

"The delay of the CO2 storage project for more than 3 years and the complete lack of local support are the main reasons to stop," said Verhagen.

The experiences are extremely valuable for the further development of CO2 storage in the Netherlands, she said, but the continuation of this relatively small project in Barendrecht is no longer essential. Alongside this, the lack of popular support played a role.

The project planned to store around 10 million tons of CO2 over a period of 25 years from Shell's Pernis refinery under the town of Barendrecht. Local opposition to the plan, which residents feared would endanger the town and lead to a fall in house prices, had already caused delays.

An project offshore and one in the north of the country were still planned, Verhagen said.


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