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THE HOUSING PROGRAM A KEY ACTOR IN THE SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEM “CHILE SOLIDARIO”. FOSIS, CHILE November 2007.

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THE HOUSING PROGRAM A KEY ACTOR IN THE SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEM “CHILE SOLIDARIO”

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The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

THE HOUSING PROGRAM

A KEY ACTOR IN THE SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEM “CHILE SOLIDARIO”

FOSIS, CHILE

November 2007


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

The “Puente” Program has defined 53 minimum conditions necessary for an improved quality of life. Upon their graduation, the families should have completed these conditions as a base for their future development.

These conditions are related to 7 key thematic categories which are the “pillars” of the bridge:

  • Personal Identification

  • Health

  • Family Dynamics

  • Education

  • Housing

  • Employment

  • Income


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

For overcoming extreme poverty, housing is a fundamental pillar: Families must have a home that provides a minimum of comfort and dignity.

HOUSING CONCEPT


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

¿ WHAT DOES “HABITABLE CONDITIONS” MEAN?

For FOSIS, the concept of “habitable conditions” refers to the conditions under which a family inhabits a house.

This concept is determined by the physical characteristics of the house and the site, as well as by the psycho-social characteristics of the family, which are expressed in conducts or habits that were acquired during their life time.

HOUSING CONCEPT


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

The “Puente” and the Housing Program


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

The “Puente” and the Housing Program

Precarious living conditions Families live crowded in small “houses”, usually wooden and in very basic conditions, without thermic isolation,ventilation and natural light.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

The “Puente” and the Housing Program

Precarious living conditions Families live crowded in small “houses”, usually wooden and in very basic conditions, without thermic isolation,ventilation and natural light.

High Demand The demand on housing is one of the priority intervention areas of the Puente families. Additionally, Housing is the Puente pillar which represents the highest number of minimum conditions.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

The “Puente” and the Housing Program

Precarious life conditions Families live crowded in small “houses”, usually wooden and in very basic conditions, without thermic isolation,ventilation and natural light.

High Demand The demand on housing is one of the priority intervention areas of the Puente families. Additionally, Housing is the Puente pillar which represents the highest number of minimum conditions.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

  • Objectives: Resources are completely designated to families who need to resolve minimum conditions (denominated H1 to H12, from which the Housing Program works with H3 to H10). These are related to the following aspects:

-Basic facilities and electric installations (H3, H4 and H5)

-Home repair and improvement (H6 andH7)

-Equipment (H8,9 and H10).


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

1. Public allocation

2. Direct allocation

Resource allocation mechanism:

Executing agents/ service providers:

Public Institutions (Municipalities y local Governments)

Private Institutions (NGOs, Universities, consultants)


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

Types of Solutions and problems related to the housing minimum conditions


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H3 The families should have access to clean water.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H4

The houses should have an adequate energy system.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H5

The houses should have an adequate sewage elimination system.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H6

The home should not be susceptible to floodsor have severe leakage.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

2

1

CONDITION H7

The home should have at least two habitable rooms.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H8

Each member of the family should have a bed with sheets, blankets and a pillow.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H9

The family should have a basic kitchen and dining materials to satisfy their needs.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

CONDITION H10

There should be an adequate system of garbage disposing.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

What is the family context of our Housing Program?

  • Large territorial spread (55% live in a distance of about 1 mile from each other)

  • Important percentage of rurality (37% of the families);

  • 87% of the families need to cover at least 1 minimum condition, and 54,5% need to cover between 1 and 3.

  • 58% of the houses do not present sealing at a sufficient level which means that they do not fulfill another minimum condition (H6).

  • 49.1% of the families have at least one member who does not possess a bed with sheets, blankets and a pillow (H8).

  • 62% of the families need to improve the basic habits in their houses.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

2004 EXPERIENCE

Allocated resources: $1,265,100,000 = US$ 2,530,200

Total Housing solutions: 7,916

Total Families attended: 4,897

2005 EXPERIENCE

Allocated resources:$7,329,957,000 = US$ 14,659,914

Total Housing solutions:30,960

Total Families attended:17,000

2006 EXPERIENCE

Allocated resources:$8,110,433,500 = US$ 16,220,867

Total Housing solutions:38,158

Total Families attending:19,304


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

Comparative rates for Minimum Housing Conditions

2005-2006


The execution process of the housing program has four stages

Beneficiary lists

Plans, specifications, photos, measurements

Construction of the solution, Final acceptance, Classes on living habits

Internal/external evaluation

The execution process of the housing program has four stages:

1. Selection of beneficiaries

2. Technical Diagnosis and Proposals

3. Execution of Solutions/Acceptance of the Solutions

4. Program Evaluation


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE OF THE HOUSING PROGRAM

  • Technical Instruments

  • Technical construction standards

  • Guide of Technical Solutions


Technical assistance challenges

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CHALLENGES -

  • Incorporating localized criteria, good distribution and detailed construction designsin the solutions.

  • Improving Quality without raising the costs of the solutions.

  • Working with the families in the process of the living habits.


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

Living Habits- Classes with the families

To clean - To light – To ventilate – To care – To plan – To prevent


The housing program a key actor in the social protection system chile solidario

Gracias- Thank You


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