Regions and Autonomous Republics of Georgia. Georgia is divided into 9 regions, 1 independent city (Tbilisi), and 2 autonomous republics.
Georgia is divided into 9 regions, 1 independent city (Tbilisi), and 2 autonomous republics.
Georgia contains two official autonomous regions, of which one has declared independence. In addition, another territory not officially autonomous has also declared independence. Officially autonomous within Georgia, the de facto independent region of Abkhazia declared independence in 1999. The de facto independent South Ossetia is officially known within Georgia as the Tskinvali region to separate it from the Russian North Ossetia. It was autonomous under the Soviet Union, and when it was renamed to Tskinvali in 1995 its autonomy was removed. De facto separate since Georgian independence, offers were made to give South Ossetia autonomy again, but in 2006 an unrecognised referendum in the area resulted in a vote for independence.
Abkhazia is a disputed territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the
Abkhazia considers itself an independent state, called the Republic of Abkhazia or Apsny.
This status is recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Tuvalu and also by the partially
recognized state of South Ossetia, and the unrecognized Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh.
The Georgian government and the majority of the world's governments consider Abkhazia a part of
Georgia's territory. Under Georgia's official designation it is an autonomous republic, called the
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
The status of Abkhazia is a central issue of the Georgian–Abkhazian conflict. The wider region formed
part of the Soviet Union until 1991. As the Soviet Union began to disintegrate towards the end of the
1980s, ethnic tensions grew between the Abkhaz and Georgians over Georgia's moves towards
independence. This led to the 1992–1993 War in Abkhazia that resulted in a Georgian military defeat,
de facto independence of Abkhazia and the mass exodus and ethnic cleansing of the Georgian
population from Abkhazia. In spite of the 1994 ceasefire agreement and years of negotiations, the
status dispute has not been resolved, and despite the long-term presence of a United Nations
monitoring force and a Russian-dominated Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) peacekeeping
operation, the conflict has flared up on several occasions. In August 2008, the sides again fought during
the South Ossetia War, which was followed by the formal recognition of Abkhazia by Russia, the
annulment of the 1994 cease fire agreement and the termination of the UN and CIS missions. On 28
August 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia a Russian-occupied
is a region in western
includes the historical
Georgian provinces of
Zemo Svaneti and has Zugdidi
as its capital.
Adjara , officially the Autonomous
Republic of Adjara is an
autonomous republic of Georgia.
Adjara is located in the southwestern
corner of Georgia, bordered by
Turkey to the south and the eastern
end of the Black Sea. Adjara is a
home to the Adjaraethnic subgroup of
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Imeretiis a region in Georgia situated along the
middle and upper reaches of the Rioni river. The
region's main city is Kutaisi; The 800,000 Imeretians
speak a Georgian dialect; they are one of the local
culture-groups of the ethnically subdivided Georgian
people. In late antiquity and early Middle Ages the
ancient western Georgian kingdom of Egrisi existed on
The territory of Imereti. Its king declared Christianity
as an official religion of Egrisi in 523 AD. In 975-1466
Imereti was part of the united Georgian Kingdom.
Since its disintegration in the 15th century, Imereti
was an independent kingdom.
ShidaKartli is a region in
Georgia. It consists of the following
districts: Gori, Kaspi, Kareli, Java,
Khashuri. The northern part of the
region, namely Java, and northern
territories of Kareli and Gori is
controlled by the authorities Of the
self-proclaimed republic of South
Ossetia since 1992.
Kvemo Kartli is a historic province and
currentadministrative region in southeastern
Georgia. The city of Rustavi is a regional
capital. The population is mixed between
Azeris (45.1%), Georgians (44.7%), Turkish
speaking Pontic Greeks and Caucasus Greeks,
Russians and others.
Kakheti is a region formed in the 1990s in eastern Georgia from the historical province of Kakheti and the small, mountainous province of Tusheti. Telavi is its capital. The region comprises eight administrative districts: Telavi, Gurjaani, Kvareli, Sagarejo, Dedoplistsqaro, Signagi, Lagodekhi and Akhmeta. Kakheti is bordered by the Russian Federation to the Northeast, Azerbaijan to the Southeast, and the Georgian regions of Mtskheta-Mtianeti and Kvemo Kartli to the west.
The Georgian David Gareja monastery complex is partially located in this province and is subject to a border dispute between Georgian and Azerbaijani authorities.