Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia
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Chapter 14: Resurgence of empire in East asia. Sui Dynasty (589-618). Yan Jian takes over Sui Dynasty after abdicating 7 year old. GRAND CANAL. Used Mandate Of Heaven. Discontent subjects (taxes, forced labor). Artificial waterway. Strong centralized government. revolt.

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Chapter 14: Resurgence of empire in East asia

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Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Chapter 14: Resurgence of empire in East asia


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Sui Dynasty

(589-618)

Yan Jian takes over Sui

Dynasty after abdicating

7 year old

GRAND CANAL

Used Mandate

Of Heaven

Discontent subjects

(taxes, forced labor)

Artificial

waterway

Strong centralized

government

revolt

Trade for N. to S.

Minister

Assassinates

emperor

Construction,

Repair, taxes

Est. political

& cultural unity


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Uighers, detiorated equal

Field system, revolts

Power to regional leader

TANG DYNASTY

(618-907CE)

Decline

Rebel leader seizes

Control of Tang

Middle

Kingdom

Foreign Relations

Military Expansion

Tang

(Taizong)

Manchuria, Silla

Part of Vietnam

Plateau of Tibet

Bureaucracy of merit

3 policies

Responsible

For

Smaller

Lands

(fiction)

Got position

ruthlessly

Equal Field System

Transportation

& Communication

(ex. Inns, couriers,

Connections)

Civil Service Exam

Brought stability

& prosperity

But a serious &

Effective leader

Fertility & Need

Low rice prices,

Low tax rates

Confucian Curriculum

Used

Recognized

China (kowtow),

Fostered

Trade &

Cultural

Exchange

1/5 hereditary

Later more

Commoners

Rose to

Positions

  • Success for

  • A time


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Song Dynasty

(960-1276ce)

Focus on civil

Administration,

Industry, & Arts

2 problems

Military

Financial

Military forces

Under supervision

Using all

Surplus

production

Not much knowledge

In military affairs

Led to nomadic

Northerner to flourish


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Economic Development of

Tang & Song

Wu Zhao: The

Lady Emperor

Agricultural Development

Fast ripening rice

2 crops p/year

Patriarchal

Footbinding

Gained power

After husband’s

power

urbanization

Placed women

Under tight

supervision

To maintain

Family

fortune

Expanded

Food supply

Population

growth

Usedvarious

Techniquesto

help

cities

Many opposed

Her due to

Patriarchal

system

Honor ancestor

@ grave sites

50-115 million

Brothels,

Theaters

markets

Irrigation systems

Oxen & water buffalo

Iron plow

Strengthened

Civil service

system

Created secret

police


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Technological & Industrial

Development

Naval

Technology

Porcelain

Diffused to other societies,

Lighter & thinner

Aesthetically appealing

Iron nails,

Waterproofed oils,

Watertight bulkheads

Bamboo sails,

compass

Printing

Gunpowder

Metallurgy

Woodblock

To

Moveable print

Charcoal,

Saltpeter,

Sulfur

arsenic

Weaponry

& Agricultural

tools

Large

infrastructures

Buddhist Texts,

Confucian Works,

Calendars

Fire lance


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Emergence of a

Market Economy

Cosmopolitan

Society

Shortage

Of coins

Financial

Instruments

Paper

Money

Various cultures

Intersected in

China

Many

Exchanges

w/in the

Eastern

Hemisphere

Problems

Promissory

Notes (loans)

Letters of Credit

Checks

Counterfeit &

More value than

Cash possessed

Came after not

Being able to

Honor paper notes

“fly cash”

Muslim merchants,

Byzantine Empire,

Persians, Indians

Deposit money in

One place receive

Equivalent in another

State issued


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Cultural Change in

Tang & Song

China

Many religions entered

China

Faced persecution

By Daoists and

Confucianists

Buddhism

Mahayana Buddhism

Grow in China

(Dunhuang)

Christian, Manichaeism,

Zoroastrianism, Islam

Tailor to

Chinese

Interest

2 Schools

Conflict w/

Chinese

Society

Not just

Served

As a

religion

Chan

School

Many Cave

Temples

Pure

Land

Religions of salvation

Served needs of

Foreign merchants

Changed

Terminology

Filial Piety

Buddhist

Aesthetic

life

Daoists

Values

Personal

Salvation

For

Complete

Devotion

To Buddha

School,

Banks,

Land ownership,

Tried to adjust

To Chinese

customs

Little

Emphasis

On Text


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Neo-Confucianism

Song recognized

Both Confucian &

Buddhist beliefs

Zhu Xi

Popularity

Neo Confucian

Leader

2 Reasons

Family

Ritual

Also focused

On abstract

Metaphysical

ideas

Influence on Chinese Society

Influence over E. Asia for

Extensive period of time


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Chinese Influence

In

East Asia

Shaped public

Life of Korea,

Vietnam, & Japan

Silla

Dynasty

Vietnam

Difference

Korea

Preserved

Religious

preference

Prominent

Women

roles

Compromise w/

Tang Dynasty

Tense relations

Tributary

relationship

Adopted:

Agricultural systems,

Irrigations systems,

School & administration

techniques

Withdrew Tang Forces

Silla recognize Tang

emperor as overlord

Vassal states but

actually independent

Influenced by

Chinese politics

& culture (court,

Bureaucracy,

Confucian systems)

Tributary

Relationship

Tributary Relationship

BUT DID NOT

Have positions of

merit

Opened door for

Trade


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Early Japan

Influences from

China

Decline

Clan wars

Heian

(794-1185ce)

System of merit

Centralized

Imperial

Gov’t

Equal

Field

System

Business & records,

Education

Language

Literature

Taira v. Miramoto

Nara –capital

(710-794)

Confucian and Buddhist tradition

Shogun

Emperors

Are figure

heads

Tale of Genji

Military

governor

Fujiwara

In true

power

Meditation of

Passing of time

& sorrow time

Brings to humans

Split of

Figureheads

And true authorities

Would exist for many

years


Chapter 14 resurgence of empire in east asia

Medieval

Japan

Period

Between Nara

And Heian

Kamakura (1185-1333)&

Muramachi 1336-1573)

Known as Middle Period

Valued military talent,

No etiquette or courtesy

Decentralized

Political order

Tokugawa Dynasty

Samurai

(mounted warrior)

Specialist

warriors

Enforce authority in their land

& extend claim to other lands


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