Epidemiological transition models population control
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 12

Epidemiological Transition Models Population Control PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Epidemiological Transition Models Population Control. Epidemiological Transition Model. ETM-shows distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition model Stage 1 Epidemics/Pandemics: Infectious and parasitic diseases, famine

Download Presentation

Epidemiological Transition Models Population Control

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Epidemiological transition models population control

Epidemiological Transition Models Population Control


Epidemiological transition model

Epidemiological Transition Model

  • ETM-shows distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition model

  • Stage 1

    • Epidemics/Pandemics: Infectious and parasitic diseases, famine

    • Ex: Black Plague (25 million Europeans died)

  • Stage 2

    • Receding epidemic (affects high proportion of population, but in isolation)

    • Ex: Cholera (contaminated water supply)


Epidemiological transition model1

Epidemiological Transition Model

  • Stage 3

    • Degenerative and human-created disease

    • Ex: Cardiovascular disease and Cancer

  • Stage 4

    • Delayed degenerative diseases

    • Ex: Alzheimer's, Diabetes

  • Stage 5?

    • Reemerging infectious and

      parasitic disease

    • Ex: Malaria, TB, AIDS


Aids hiv

AIDS/HIV+

  • 2010 world distribution:

    • 23 million in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • 5+ million in Asia (India, China, SE Asia)

    • 2 million in Latin America (Caribbean-Haiti)

  • Sub-Saharan Africa

    • 70% of HIV cases

    • Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, South Africa,

      Kenya

    • Increase death rates

    • Declining life expectancy


How do governments affect population change

How do Governments Affect Population Change?

  • Many governments institute policies designed to influence the overall growth rate or ethnic ratios within the population.

    These policies fall into three groups:

    1. Expansive

    2. Eugenic

    3. Restrictive


Expansive population policies

Expansive Population Policies

  • Encourage families to have more children

  • Communist Societies

    • Soviet Union

    • China – Mao Zedong

  • European countries: NOW

    • Tax incentives

    • Sweden

      • Cash payments, tax incentives, job leave, work hour flexibility lasting up to 8 years after birth

      • Short baby boom, but led to issues


Eugenic population policies

Eugenic Population Policies

  • Favoring one racial or cultural sector of the population over the others

    • Tax discrimination, allocation of resources, favoritism

  • Examples

    • Nazi Germany

    • Japan?

    • USA?


Restrictive population policies

Restrictive Population Policies

  • Reducing the rate of natural increase through a range of means

    • China: “One-child” policy: Income bonuses, Better health care benefits, Better retirement pensions, Priority in housing


Solutions to population growth

Solutions to Population Growth

  • Empowerment of Women

    • $ for contraception & education

    • Changing cultural norms to value girls

  • Diffusion of Birth Control Policies

    • Educating men

      w/ responsibility

      for birth control

    • Sterilization


Solutions to population growth1

Solutions to Population Growth

  • Redistribution of wealth - improve standard of living for poor so that children aren’t as necessary

    • Improving farming techniques in poor areas

    • Starvation, Malnourishment


Solutions to population growth2

Solutions to Population Growth

  • Medical technology –

    costs of maintaining

    vulnerable populations

    (old & young)

  • Addressing government policies to deal with their growing populations


Something to think about

Something to think about…

  • Is population control funded by MDCs ethical in LDCs?

    • Population control v. culture

    • Birth control?

    • Sterilization?

    • Abortion?

    • Sex determination?

    • Incentives: Money, food, clothing?

  • Is population control funded by MDCs needed to keep mass amounts of people in the LDCs out of poverty?


  • Login