Libre versus gratuit
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“ LIBRE ” versus “ GRATUIT ” PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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“ LIBRE ” versus “ GRATUIT ”. There is no such thing as a Free Lunch! Why should the couch potatoes be subsidized by the bookworms?

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“ LIBRE ” versus “ GRATUIT ”

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Libre versus gratuit

“LIBRE” versus “GRATUIT”

  • There is no such thing as a Free Lunch!

  • Why should the couch potatoes be subsidized by the bookworms?

  • The couch potatoes should pay more for the massive data they consume, or else Netflix should pay operators for wholesale access, otherwise everyone will have to pay more for retail broadband access.


Telcos versus otts

“TELCOS” versus “OTTs”

  • Facilities-based telecoms operators are subject to sector-specific as well as generally applicable regulation, while OTTs are generally not subject to any regulation at all.

  • Should both groups be regulated?

  • Should neither group be regulated?

  • The competitive playing field for provision of digital communications services is utterly unbalanced: As matters stand “telcos” are morphing into low-margin “dumb pipes”.


Ex ante versus ex post

“EX ANTE” versus “EX POST”

  • Should telecoms operators remain subject to complex, multi-level, sector-specific regulation which was conceived to be transitory?

  • Internet access bottlenecks, where network competitors are not present.

  • How should applicable competition rules regulate online providers of digital communications services?  


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