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Day I- Essential Question. What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?. Unit 1 World History Hankins. Geography & Culture. Map Facts. Continents. 7 Continents of the World Africa Asia Antarctica Australia Europe North America South America. Oceans.

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Day I- Essential Question

What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?


Unit 1

World History

Hankins

Geography & Culture


Map Facts


Continents

  • 7 Continents of the World

    • Africa

    • Asia

    • Antarctica

    • Australia

    • Europe

    • North America

    • South America


Oceans

  • 5 Oceans of the World

    • Pacific

    • Atlantic

    • Artic

    • Indian

    • Southern


Map Directions

  • Longitude

  • Latitude

  • Equator

  • Prime Meridian

  • Legend

  • Cardinal Directions

    • North, South, East, West


Maps of the World


The one you always see…

Standard Mercator’s Map


Physical Map


Time Zones


Comparing Hemispheres


Upside down?


Better geographic representation…

Peters Map


By population….


By wealth….


GPS


Africa… in perspective


The Elite 8 :Features of Civilizations


What is a Civilization?

  • Complex, Highly Organized Social Order

  • Examples?


1. Cities

  • Establishment of places in which people could live and trade

    • Examples?


2. Organized Governments

  • Organized to help distribute food and maintain order

  • Led By Kings, Chiefs, Emperors, Priests


Kings of…


3. Complex Religions

  • Rituals and beliefs that were maintained by the community

  • Originally Polytheists


4. Job Specialization

  • Different skills and abilities used to work within the society

  • Craftworkers (artisans), soldiers, bricklayers, entertainers


5. Social Classes

  • Wealthy vs. Poor, Slave vs. Free, etc

  • In Order:

    • Clergy/Nobles

    • Wealthy

    • Peasants

    • Slaves


6. The Arts

  • Unique art and architecture to that particular society

  • Expressed beliefs and values to those who created them (temples, statutes, etc)


7. Public Works

  • Roads, bridges, defensive walls

  • Usually ordered by strong rulers


8. Writing

  • Recording information

  • Pictograms or pictures that tell a story


8 Features Review

  • Take Each of the 8 Features of Civilization

  • Write one example of each from YOUR life

  • Explain in a sentence how it is important or how it impacts your life


Day II- Essential Question

How do you think a civilization begin, grow, and decline?


Mesopotamia


Geography of Mesopotamia

  • Means “Land Between the Rivers”

    • Tigris & Euphrates

  • Fertile Crescent

    • Spread Goods & Ideas

  • Various People Traded In and Invaded the Area


Sumer

  • MAJOR City-State in Mesopotamia

  • City-States established areas of cultural relevance, protection, and trade

  • Large Hierarchy, w/ Ruler at Top…Slaves Bottom


Mohenjo-Daro


Sumerian Religion & Writing

  • Built ziggurats (pyramids) to keep gods happy

  • Afterlife was a BAD place

  • Used pen to make marks on clay tablets (cunneiform)


Hammurabi’s Code

  • Civil & Criminal Laws

  • Hammurabi’s Code

    • FIRST Codified LAWS

    • “To Bring Justice”

    • HARSH Laws


Mesopotamia Rap

  • Watch This (terrible) Mesopotamia Rap Video

  • As You Watch Make a Chart that Includes These Categories and List ANYTHING From the Video That Covers These:

    • Who?

    • What?

    • Where?

    • When?

    • Why?

    • How?


Egypt


Religion

  • Polytheistic

    • Ex: Aman-Re, Osiris, Isis, Anubis

  • Pharaohs Were Viewed as Gods

    • What Type of Government Would This Be? How Might They Operate?

  • Afterlife Test


Public Works

  • Pyramids

    • Pharaohs Tombs

    • Treasure

      • What Could Be a Problem With This?

  • Mummification

    • Process to Preserve the Dead

      • Who & Why?


Cities & Government

  • Cities

    • Nile River

      • What Kind of Land?

  • Government

    • Theocracy/MONARCHY

    • Traditional Economy


Arts & Writing

  • Arts

    • The Great Sphinx

  • Writing

    • Hieroglyphics

    • Created the Rosetta Stone

      • Where Have You Heard of This Before? What Does It Do?


Social Classes & Jobs

  • Social Classes

    • Peasants/Slaves Serve Pharaoh

    • Women Given Many Rights

      • What Rights May These Be?

  • Jobs

    • Advances in Medicine & Science


The Epic

  • Watch the Retelling of the Epic of Gilgamesh

  • Note the 4 Most Important Events That Took Place in the Story

  • Choose One of the Events and Change What Happened in the Story. Explain how that changes the ending.


China & Early India


Day IV- Essential Question

What themes are universal in all religions?


Dawn of Civilizations


Indus Valley

  • The Deccan Plateau, Near River Valley

  • Monsoons

    • Watered Crops

  • Diverse Culture


Indian Civilization

  • Carefully-Planned Cities = Organized Government

  • Mostly Farmers

  • Worship of Cattle


Disappearance

  • Mystery

    • Environmental Disaster

  • Aryan Invasion


Neolithic Revolution

  • Change from Hunting to Farming

  • Farming was Much More Reliable


How Civilizations Change

  • Cultural Diffusion

    • What does this mean?

  • Through Warfare, Trade, & Migration


Phoenicans

  • First to Trade Using the Sea

  • Set up Colonies

    • Around Middle East

  • Spread Mesopotamian Culture & Civilization

    • What is this called?


Important Seas


Mediterranean Sea


Red Sea


Persian Gulf


Full Map


Equator & Prime Meridian


Longitude & Latitude


Legend


Cardinal Directions


Day V- Essential Question

How does religion impact the development of cultures and societies?


Hinduism & Buddhism


Beginnings

  • Hinduism

    • Combo of Indian & Aryan Through Cultural Diffusion

      • What Does This Mean?

  • Buddhism

    • Siddartha Left Home to Find ENLIGHTENMENT

    • Wanted to End Suffering and Sorrow


Beliefs

Hinduism

All gods (brahman) connected through one “force” Brahma

Books: Vedas & Upshinads

Buddhism

Four Noble Truths

Book: Triptakas


Buddhism: Four Noble Truths

1. All Life is Full of Suffering & Sorrow

2. Caused By Desire for Money, Power, Long Life

3. Cure by Overcoming Desire

4. Follow Eightfold Path


Goals of Life

  • Hinduism

    • Living Well Leads to Rebirth (Karma)

    • Nonviolence

      • What About War?

  • Buddhism

    • Follow The Eightfold Path


Buddhism: Eightfold Path

  • The RIGHT…

    • Views

    • Aspirations

    • Speech

    • Conduct

    • Livelihood

    • Effort

    • Mindfulness

    • Contemplations


Afterlife

  • Hinduism

    • Reincarnation

      • Explain?

    • Goal is to Become 1 w/ a god (Mokasha)

  • Buddhism

    • Reach Ultimate Enlightenment (NIRVANA)


Interesting Facts

  • Buddhism's Rejects Hindu Caste System

  • Both View Certain Animals As Holy Creatures; Elephants & Cattle

    • What Does This Say About Their Diet?


A: Four Noble Truths

  • Go Through Each of the First 3 Noble Truths…Explain in 2-3 Sentences Whether you Agree or Disagree w/ Each One

  • For the 8 Fold Path, Choose the 2 You MOST Represent and the 1 You Least Represent


H: Rights & Wrongs of Eightfold Path

  • Form Groups of No More than 4 and Pick One of the 8 Fold Paths

  • Create TWO skits Showing the RIGHT Way to Follow and the WRONG Way to Follow

    • Must Explain to Class

  • Everyone Must Have a Role

    • Writer, Actors, Explainer


Story of Buddha

  • Summarize the Story in 4-5 Bullet Points

  • Write Your Own Story, Based on Your Religion or Not, On Finding “Enlightenment” in That Religion

  • Story Can be Based on You Or Not


Day V- Essential Question

What Makes a Different Religion Unique?


Judaism & Christianity


Beginnings

  • Judaism

    • “Chosen People”

    • Abraham’s “Covenant”

  • Christianity

    • Accepts ANYONE

    • Jewish Rabbi Named Jesus

      • Interesting?


Jesus Montage


Beliefs

  • Judaism

    • Waiting for Messiah to Return

    • The TORAH & the Talmud

  • Christianity

    • Believe Messiah is Jesus Christ

    • Bible


Practices

Judaism

Christianity

  • Worship in TEMPLE

  • Passover & Hanukkah

  • Abraham & Moses

  • Holy Trinity

    • Means?

  • Christmas & Easter

  • Peter & Paul


Conflict

  • Rome Allowed Jews to Worship One God

    • But ONLY If They Worshipped Rome Emperor Too

      • Problems?

  • Emperor Constantine Eventually Made ROME a Christian Nation


Problems

  • Problems w/ Each Other

    • Jesus

      • How?

  • Problems w/ Muslims

    • Split

    • Beliefs


Compare & Contrast


Day VI- Essential Question

Should a Country Base Its Rules on Religious Beliefs?


Islam


The Founder: Muhammad

  • Muhammad Was a Merchant’s Son Who Became a Prophet

  • He Rejected Old Gods & Later Conquered Mecca

  • Myths


Location of Mecca


Practicing Islam

  • Sacred Text

    • The QURAN

  • Five Pillars of Islam

    • Make Declaration of Faith

    • Pray towards Mecca


Five Pillars of Islam


Islamic Law & Beliefs

  • Make a Pilgrimage to Mecca if Able

  • NO

    • Pork

    • Alcohol

    • Gambling


Sunni

Traditional Form

Believe Muhammad Appoint Successor

Shiites

Alternate Form

Believe Connection to DIRECT Muhammad Relation

Types of Muslims


Views

  • Muslims View Islam as LAST Uncorrupted Religion

  • Muslims Can Have Up to 4 Wives

  • Stereotypes

    • Not Terrorists


Muslims


Famous Muslims


Day VII- Essential Question

What Does It Mean to Be a Democracy?


5 Pillars

  • Choose the 5 Pillar You believe To be the Hardest to Follow and Why

  • Choose the 5 Pillar That Would Be The Easiest to Follow and Why

  • 3-5 Sentences apiece


Greece


The Arts

Architecture

What Types of Things Are Notable Greek Architecture?

Sculptures

Drama

Comedy & Tragedy

History


Cities

  • Athens

    • City-State of THINKERS

      • How May They Go About Solving Their Problems?

    • Developed Science & Philosophy

  • Sparta

    • City-State of WARRIORS

      • How May They Go About Solving Their Problems?

    • Fought Persians & Other Greeks


Government & Religion

  • Government

    • Democracy

      • How Does This Work?

    • Various Others Later

  • Religion

    • Polytheistic

    • Famous Gods & Goddesses

      • Who? What Are Their Stories?


Social Classes & Jobs

  • Social Classes

    • Leadership, Soldiers, Peasants, Slaves

      • Where Does the Power Lie?

  • Jobs

    • Artists & Scientists

    • Soldiers


Public Works & Writing

  • Public Works

    • City of Athens

  • Writing

    • Epic Stories (The ODYSSEY)

      • Describe EPIC

    • Philosophers

      • Socrates

      • Plato

      • Aristotle


Assignment

  • Take Your City (Athens or Sparta) pg 106

  • Design a Brochure or Pamphlet Welcoming People to the City

  • Describe in Detail (at Least 2 or 3 Facts Each)

    • History

    • Types of People

    • Government

    • Beliefs

    • Interesting Facts

  • At least 2 Pictures, Including the Cover


DEBATE!

Athens vs Sparta


Athens vs. Sparta

  • You Are an ATHENIAN or a SPARTAN, I am Zeus…I am Going to Choose to Destroy One City-State But I Don’t Know Which One Yet; Your Mission is To Make The Best Argument to Remain Alive…So…

  • Read Over The Section Assigned (pg 106-108) To You & The Opposite Section

  • Record 5 Reasons Your Side Is Great

    • Say WHY

  • Record 5 Reasons The Other Side Is Bad

    • Say WHY


Athens vs. Sparta Debate

  • Each Side Discusses Their Reasoning With Each Other

  • Vote on the Top 10 Reasons (5 For Each Point), Record on Separate Sheet of Paper

  • Choose 4 People to Debate A Side

    • I Will Randomly Choose 1 From Each


Essential Question

  • What Factors May Contribute to The Decline of a GREAT Society/Civilization?


Part II:Rome


Government

  • Republic

    • Gov’t OF the People

    • MOST Important Contribution

  • In War

    • Elected Dictator

      • Why Might They Do This?


Social Classes

  • Patriarchal

    • Family Ruled By Father

      • What Conflicts May Arise From This?

  • Plebeians (Low Class)

    • Fought for Many Rights


Cities & Religion

  • Cities

    • Constantinople

      • Who Was This Named After? Why?

  • Religion

    • Originally POLYTHEIST (Mars, Venus, etc)

    • Later …Christians


Public Works & Jobs

  • Public Works

    • Pantheon

      • What Is The Purpose of The Hole At The Top?

  • Jobs

    • Serve

    • Free Basic Education

      • What Country Does This Sound Like?


Arts & Writing

  • Arts

    • Gladiators

    • Coliseum

      • What Types of Things Take Place?

  • Writing

    • Epic Literature


Other Facts on Greece & Rome


Cultures of Greece & Rome

  • Greece

    • TOO Diverse, Hard to Organize Country

  • Rome

    • ALL Over the World (“Sun Never Sets”)


Fall of Rome

  • Rome Begin to SPEND too Much Money

  • After Rome Declined It Became the Byzantine Empire

    - And The DARK Ages Formed


Alexander the Great

  • Alexander Conquered Persia All The Way To India

  • Spread Hellenistic Culture

    • Mix of East & West

  • Died at Age 32

    • Who Else in History Died in Their 30s?


Philosophers

  • Socrates

    • Always Question Any and Every Thing

      • Explain

  • Plato

    • Ran Academy, One Shouldn’t Think Spiritually ONLY Rationally

      • Similar to What Other Thinkers in History?

  • Aristotle

    • One Should Study ALL Knowledge & Disciplines


Philosophical Argument

  • Choose One of The Three Philosophers We’ve Studied

  • Develop a “Greek” Name and Write Them a HALF PAGE letter agreeing or disagreeing with their major belief.

    • Explain why you agree or disagree

    • Ask at least TWO questions to that philosopher

    • Use Evidence to Defend Your Beliefs


Day 2- Rome

  • 1. Who Ruled The Family in Roman Society?

  • 2. What Did Every Roman Child Receive?

  • 3. What Was One Event Roman Emperors Used to Entertain themselves?


Day 3- Greece (Honors)

  • 1. Name Two Types of Arts the Greeks Helped to Advance

  • 2. Describe, Briefly, Athens as a City-State

  • 3. Name 2 Famous Greek Gods


Part IV:Greek Culture


Alexander the Great

  • Father Philip of Macedonia Conquered Greece, Was Killed

  • Alexander Conquered Persia All The Way To India

  • Died at Age 32

    • Who Else in History Died in Their 30s?


Alexander’s Influence

  • Divided Btwn His Generals

    • How Did That Probably Go Down?

  • Mixed Cultures East-West called Hellenism


Trojan War

  • Mycenaeans vs Troy

  • Fought Over Trading Rights NOT Over Love

    • Why Would This Be The Story?


Persian Wars

  • Persians Attack Athens for Helping Enemy

  • King Darius of Persia LOSES to Themistocles in the Battle of Marathon

  • Darius’ Son Xerxes Beats Leonidas & the 300

    • How Are They Portrayed In History?

  • Xerxes Burns Athens but, Loses in Sea Warfare


  • 1. Describe ONE of the Philosopher’s Beliefs

  • 2. What Is the Term For Alexander Mixing Eastern & Western Cultures?

  • 3. What Was the Fate of the 300?


Unit IDaily Quizzes


Day I-Maps

  • 1. Name the 7 Continents

  • 2. Name the 5 Oceans

  • 3. Which Direction of Measurement is From East to West?

  • 4. North, South, East, West are Called The…?


Day 2- 8 Features

  • 1. Feature That Organizes Food & Maintains Order

  • 2. Feature Covering Different Skills & Abilities

  • 3. Feature Focused on Wealthy vs. Poor

  • 4. Feature Used to Express Beliefs in Physical Form


Day 2- 8 Features (Honors)

1. The Only Two Purposes of Organized Government

2. Define Polytheistic

3. Very Top & Very Bottom of Social Classes

4. Purpose of The Arts in Civilization


Day 3- Mesopotamia (Honors)

1. What Famous Figure Worshipped Aryans? What Are They Really Known For?

2. Age In Which Sumerians Switched From Nomads to Farmers

3. What Mesopotamia Literally Means

4. What Did Sumerians Call The Pyramids Built to Honor Their gods?


Day 3- Mesopotamia

  • 1. Group of Polytheistic, Partiers

  • 2. THE Major City-State in Mesopotamia

  • 3. “Land Between the (Tigris & Euphrates) Rivers” Means…

  • 4. What Did Sumerians Consider the Afterlife to Be?


Day 4- Dawn of Civilizations (Honors)

1. Two Theories Why The Indus Valley People Disappeared

2. What Helped the Indus Valley People to Water Their Crops

3. What Change the Neolithic Revolution Brought

4. What Was Unique About the Phoenician Civilization?


Day 4- Dawn of Civilizations

  • 1. One Theory As to Why The Indus Valley Disappeared

  • 2. Animal Worshiped By Indus Valley Civilization

  • 3. Term for How Civilizations Change

  • 4. First People to Trade By Sea


Unit IIDaily Quizzes


Day I-Hinduism (Honors)

1. What Two Cultures Combined to Create Hinduism?

2. What is the Force That Unites All the gods? What are the gods called?

3. What is the term for “living well leads to rebirth?”


Day I-Hinduism

1. What are the Sacred Texts?

2. What is a Hindus Goal in Life?

3. What Happens After You Die?


Day 2- Buddhism (Honors)

1. What Goal Does One Want to Reach in Buddhism?

2. What Three Things Are the Cause For All Suffering & Sorrow?

3. What Did Buddha Say One Should Always Follow?


Day 2- Buddhism

1. What Goal Does One Want to Reach in Buddhism?

2. What Must a Buddhist Follow?

3. Buddha Was Searching for a World…?


Day 3- Judaism

1. The Major Sacred Text of Judaism is…?

2. Name a Major Prophet of the Jews

3. Belief in One God is Called…?


Day 3- Judaism (Honors)

1. The 2 Sacred Texts? And How Are They Read?

2. Who Was the Father of Judaism and What is a Covenant?

3. What is the Problem Between Jews & Muslims?


Day 4- Christianity

1. Jewish Rabbi Who Was Called the Son of God…?

2. Why Did Christianity Grow Large?

3. Who are Two Major Figures in Christianity?


Day 6- Islam

1. Who was the Founder of Islam?

2. Name One of the Things a Muslim Can NOT Do

3. TRUE or FALSE: Muslims, Christians, & Jews All Worship the Same God


DAY 1- Egypt

  • 1. What Types of People Participated in the Mummification Process?

  • 2. Name the Two Types of Government We Said Egypt Has

  • 3. What Did the Egyptians Use to Translate Languages


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