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Day I- Essential Question. What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?. Unit 1 World History Hankins. Geography & Culture. Map Facts. Continents. 7 Continents of the World Africa Asia Antarctica Australia Europe North America South America. Oceans.

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Day I- Essential Question

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Day I- Essential Question

What was the relationship between early peoples and their environment?

Unit 1

World History


Geography & Culture

Map Facts


  • 7 Continents of the World

    • Africa

    • Asia

    • Antarctica

    • Australia

    • Europe

    • North America

    • South America


  • 5 Oceans of the World

    • Pacific

    • Atlantic

    • Artic

    • Indian

    • Southern

Map Directions

  • Longitude

  • Latitude

  • Equator

  • Prime Meridian

  • Legend

  • Cardinal Directions

    • North, South, East, West

Maps of the World

The one you always see…

Standard Mercator’s Map

Physical Map

Time Zones

Comparing Hemispheres

Upside down?

Better geographic representation…

Peters Map

By population….

By wealth….


Africa… in perspective

The Elite 8 :Features of Civilizations

What is a Civilization?

  • Complex, Highly Organized Social Order

  • Examples?

1. Cities

  • Establishment of places in which people could live and trade

    • Examples?

2. Organized Governments

  • Organized to help distribute food and maintain order

  • Led By Kings, Chiefs, Emperors, Priests

Kings of…

3. Complex Religions

  • Rituals and beliefs that were maintained by the community

  • Originally Polytheists

4. Job Specialization

  • Different skills and abilities used to work within the society

  • Craftworkers (artisans), soldiers, bricklayers, entertainers

5. Social Classes

  • Wealthy vs. Poor, Slave vs. Free, etc

  • In Order:

    • Clergy/Nobles

    • Wealthy

    • Peasants

    • Slaves

6. The Arts

  • Unique art and architecture to that particular society

  • Expressed beliefs and values to those who created them (temples, statutes, etc)

7. Public Works

  • Roads, bridges, defensive walls

  • Usually ordered by strong rulers

8. Writing

  • Recording information

  • Pictograms or pictures that tell a story

8 Features Review

  • Take Each of the 8 Features of Civilization

  • Write one example of each from YOUR life

  • Explain in a sentence how it is important or how it impacts your life

Day II- Essential Question

How do you think a civilization begin, grow, and decline?


Geography of Mesopotamia

  • Means “Land Between the Rivers”

    • Tigris & Euphrates

  • Fertile Crescent

    • Spread Goods & Ideas

  • Various People Traded In and Invaded the Area


  • MAJOR City-State in Mesopotamia

  • City-States established areas of cultural relevance, protection, and trade

  • Large Hierarchy, w/ Ruler at Top…Slaves Bottom


Sumerian Religion & Writing

  • Built ziggurats (pyramids) to keep gods happy

  • Afterlife was a BAD place

  • Used pen to make marks on clay tablets (cunneiform)

Hammurabi’s Code

  • Civil & Criminal Laws

  • Hammurabi’s Code

    • FIRST Codified LAWS

    • “To Bring Justice”

    • HARSH Laws

Mesopotamia Rap

  • Watch This (terrible) Mesopotamia Rap Video

  • As You Watch Make a Chart that Includes These Categories and List ANYTHING From the Video That Covers These:

    • Who?

    • What?

    • Where?

    • When?

    • Why?

    • How?



  • Polytheistic

    • Ex: Aman-Re, Osiris, Isis, Anubis

  • Pharaohs Were Viewed as Gods

    • What Type of Government Would This Be? How Might They Operate?

  • Afterlife Test

Public Works

  • Pyramids

    • Pharaohs Tombs

    • Treasure

      • What Could Be a Problem With This?

  • Mummification

    • Process to Preserve the Dead

      • Who & Why?

Cities & Government

  • Cities

    • Nile River

      • What Kind of Land?

  • Government

    • Theocracy/MONARCHY

    • Traditional Economy

Arts & Writing

  • Arts

    • The Great Sphinx

  • Writing

    • Hieroglyphics

    • Created the Rosetta Stone

      • Where Have You Heard of This Before? What Does It Do?

Social Classes & Jobs

  • Social Classes

    • Peasants/Slaves Serve Pharaoh

    • Women Given Many Rights

      • What Rights May These Be?

  • Jobs

    • Advances in Medicine & Science

The Epic

  • Watch the Retelling of the Epic of Gilgamesh

  • Note the 4 Most Important Events That Took Place in the Story

  • Choose One of the Events and Change What Happened in the Story. Explain how that changes the ending.

China & Early India

Day IV- Essential Question

What themes are universal in all religions?

Dawn of Civilizations

Indus Valley

  • The Deccan Plateau, Near River Valley

  • Monsoons

    • Watered Crops

  • Diverse Culture

Indian Civilization

  • Carefully-Planned Cities = Organized Government

  • Mostly Farmers

  • Worship of Cattle


  • Mystery

    • Environmental Disaster

  • Aryan Invasion

Neolithic Revolution

  • Change from Hunting to Farming

  • Farming was Much More Reliable

How Civilizations Change

  • Cultural Diffusion

    • What does this mean?

  • Through Warfare, Trade, & Migration


  • First to Trade Using the Sea

  • Set up Colonies

    • Around Middle East

  • Spread Mesopotamian Culture & Civilization

    • What is this called?

Important Seas

Mediterranean Sea

Red Sea

Persian Gulf

Full Map

Equator & Prime Meridian

Longitude & Latitude


Cardinal Directions

Day V- Essential Question

How does religion impact the development of cultures and societies?

Hinduism & Buddhism


  • Hinduism

    • Combo of Indian & Aryan Through Cultural Diffusion

      • What Does This Mean?

  • Buddhism

    • Siddartha Left Home to Find ENLIGHTENMENT

    • Wanted to End Suffering and Sorrow



All gods (brahman) connected through one “force” Brahma

Books: Vedas & Upshinads


Four Noble Truths

Book: Triptakas

Buddhism: Four Noble Truths

1. All Life is Full of Suffering & Sorrow

2. Caused By Desire for Money, Power, Long Life

3. Cure by Overcoming Desire

4. Follow Eightfold Path

Goals of Life

  • Hinduism

    • Living Well Leads to Rebirth (Karma)

    • Nonviolence

      • What About War?

  • Buddhism

    • Follow The Eightfold Path

Buddhism: Eightfold Path

  • The RIGHT…

    • Views

    • Aspirations

    • Speech

    • Conduct

    • Livelihood

    • Effort

    • Mindfulness

    • Contemplations


  • Hinduism

    • Reincarnation

      • Explain?

    • Goal is to Become 1 w/ a god (Mokasha)

  • Buddhism

    • Reach Ultimate Enlightenment (NIRVANA)

Interesting Facts

  • Buddhism's Rejects Hindu Caste System

  • Both View Certain Animals As Holy Creatures; Elephants & Cattle

    • What Does This Say About Their Diet?

A: Four Noble Truths

  • Go Through Each of the First 3 Noble Truths…Explain in 2-3 Sentences Whether you Agree or Disagree w/ Each One

  • For the 8 Fold Path, Choose the 2 You MOST Represent and the 1 You Least Represent

H: Rights & Wrongs of Eightfold Path

  • Form Groups of No More than 4 and Pick One of the 8 Fold Paths

  • Create TWO skits Showing the RIGHT Way to Follow and the WRONG Way to Follow

    • Must Explain to Class

  • Everyone Must Have a Role

    • Writer, Actors, Explainer

Story of Buddha

  • Summarize the Story in 4-5 Bullet Points

  • Write Your Own Story, Based on Your Religion or Not, On Finding “Enlightenment” in That Religion

  • Story Can be Based on You Or Not

Day V- Essential Question

What Makes a Different Religion Unique?

Judaism & Christianity


  • Judaism

    • “Chosen People”

    • Abraham’s “Covenant”

  • Christianity

    • Accepts ANYONE

    • Jewish Rabbi Named Jesus

      • Interesting?

Jesus Montage


  • Judaism

    • Waiting for Messiah to Return

    • The TORAH & the Talmud

  • Christianity

    • Believe Messiah is Jesus Christ

    • Bible




  • Worship in TEMPLE

  • Passover & Hanukkah

  • Abraham & Moses

  • Holy Trinity

    • Means?

  • Christmas & Easter

  • Peter & Paul


  • Rome Allowed Jews to Worship One God

    • But ONLY If They Worshipped Rome Emperor Too

      • Problems?

  • Emperor Constantine Eventually Made ROME a Christian Nation


  • Problems w/ Each Other

    • Jesus

      • How?

  • Problems w/ Muslims

    • Split

    • Beliefs

Compare & Contrast

Day VI- Essential Question

Should a Country Base Its Rules on Religious Beliefs?


The Founder: Muhammad

  • Muhammad Was a Merchant’s Son Who Became a Prophet

  • He Rejected Old Gods & Later Conquered Mecca

  • Myths

Location of Mecca

Practicing Islam

  • Sacred Text

    • The QURAN

  • Five Pillars of Islam

    • Make Declaration of Faith

    • Pray towards Mecca

Five Pillars of Islam

Islamic Law & Beliefs

  • Make a Pilgrimage to Mecca if Able

  • NO

    • Pork

    • Alcohol

    • Gambling


Traditional Form

Believe Muhammad Appoint Successor


Alternate Form

Believe Connection to DIRECT Muhammad Relation

Types of Muslims


  • Muslims View Islam as LAST Uncorrupted Religion

  • Muslims Can Have Up to 4 Wives

  • Stereotypes

    • Not Terrorists


Famous Muslims

Day VII- Essential Question

What Does It Mean to Be a Democracy?

5 Pillars

  • Choose the 5 Pillar You believe To be the Hardest to Follow and Why

  • Choose the 5 Pillar That Would Be The Easiest to Follow and Why

  • 3-5 Sentences apiece


The Arts


What Types of Things Are Notable Greek Architecture?



Comedy & Tragedy



  • Athens

    • City-State of THINKERS

      • How May They Go About Solving Their Problems?

    • Developed Science & Philosophy

  • Sparta

    • City-State of WARRIORS

      • How May They Go About Solving Their Problems?

    • Fought Persians & Other Greeks

Government & Religion

  • Government

    • Democracy

      • How Does This Work?

    • Various Others Later

  • Religion

    • Polytheistic

    • Famous Gods & Goddesses

      • Who? What Are Their Stories?

Social Classes & Jobs

  • Social Classes

    • Leadership, Soldiers, Peasants, Slaves

      • Where Does the Power Lie?

  • Jobs

    • Artists & Scientists

    • Soldiers

Public Works & Writing

  • Public Works

    • City of Athens

  • Writing

    • Epic Stories (The ODYSSEY)

      • Describe EPIC

    • Philosophers

      • Socrates

      • Plato

      • Aristotle


  • Take Your City (Athens or Sparta) pg 106

  • Design a Brochure or Pamphlet Welcoming People to the City

  • Describe in Detail (at Least 2 or 3 Facts Each)

    • History

    • Types of People

    • Government

    • Beliefs

    • Interesting Facts

  • At least 2 Pictures, Including the Cover


Athens vs Sparta

Athens vs. Sparta

  • You Are an ATHENIAN or a SPARTAN, I am Zeus…I am Going to Choose to Destroy One City-State But I Don’t Know Which One Yet; Your Mission is To Make The Best Argument to Remain Alive…So…

  • Read Over The Section Assigned (pg 106-108) To You & The Opposite Section

  • Record 5 Reasons Your Side Is Great

    • Say WHY

  • Record 5 Reasons The Other Side Is Bad

    • Say WHY

Athens vs. Sparta Debate

  • Each Side Discusses Their Reasoning With Each Other

  • Vote on the Top 10 Reasons (5 For Each Point), Record on Separate Sheet of Paper

  • Choose 4 People to Debate A Side

    • I Will Randomly Choose 1 From Each

Essential Question

  • What Factors May Contribute to The Decline of a GREAT Society/Civilization?

Part II:Rome


  • Republic

    • Gov’t OF the People

    • MOST Important Contribution

  • In War

    • Elected Dictator

      • Why Might They Do This?

Social Classes

  • Patriarchal

    • Family Ruled By Father

      • What Conflicts May Arise From This?

  • Plebeians (Low Class)

    • Fought for Many Rights

Cities & Religion

  • Cities

    • Constantinople

      • Who Was This Named After? Why?

  • Religion

    • Originally POLYTHEIST (Mars, Venus, etc)

    • Later …Christians

Public Works & Jobs

  • Public Works

    • Pantheon

      • What Is The Purpose of The Hole At The Top?

  • Jobs

    • Serve

    • Free Basic Education

      • What Country Does This Sound Like?

Arts & Writing

  • Arts

    • Gladiators

    • Coliseum

      • What Types of Things Take Place?

  • Writing

    • Epic Literature

Other Facts on Greece & Rome

Cultures of Greece & Rome

  • Greece

    • TOO Diverse, Hard to Organize Country

  • Rome

    • ALL Over the World (“Sun Never Sets”)

Fall of Rome

  • Rome Begin to SPEND too Much Money

  • After Rome Declined It Became the Byzantine Empire

    - And The DARK Ages Formed

Alexander the Great

  • Alexander Conquered Persia All The Way To India

  • Spread Hellenistic Culture

    • Mix of East & West

  • Died at Age 32

    • Who Else in History Died in Their 30s?


  • Socrates

    • Always Question Any and Every Thing

      • Explain

  • Plato

    • Ran Academy, One Shouldn’t Think Spiritually ONLY Rationally

      • Similar to What Other Thinkers in History?

  • Aristotle

    • One Should Study ALL Knowledge & Disciplines

Philosophical Argument

  • Choose One of The Three Philosophers We’ve Studied

  • Develop a “Greek” Name and Write Them a HALF PAGE letter agreeing or disagreeing with their major belief.

    • Explain why you agree or disagree

    • Ask at least TWO questions to that philosopher

    • Use Evidence to Defend Your Beliefs

Day 2- Rome

  • 1. Who Ruled The Family in Roman Society?

  • 2. What Did Every Roman Child Receive?

  • 3. What Was One Event Roman Emperors Used to Entertain themselves?

Day 3- Greece (Honors)

  • 1. Name Two Types of Arts the Greeks Helped to Advance

  • 2. Describe, Briefly, Athens as a City-State

  • 3. Name 2 Famous Greek Gods

Part IV:Greek Culture

Alexander the Great

  • Father Philip of Macedonia Conquered Greece, Was Killed

  • Alexander Conquered Persia All The Way To India

  • Died at Age 32

    • Who Else in History Died in Their 30s?

Alexander’s Influence

  • Divided Btwn His Generals

    • How Did That Probably Go Down?

  • Mixed Cultures East-West called Hellenism

Trojan War

  • Mycenaeans vs Troy

  • Fought Over Trading Rights NOT Over Love

    • Why Would This Be The Story?

Persian Wars

  • Persians Attack Athens for Helping Enemy

  • King Darius of Persia LOSES to Themistocles in the Battle of Marathon

  • Darius’ Son Xerxes Beats Leonidas & the 300

    • How Are They Portrayed In History?

  • Xerxes Burns Athens but, Loses in Sea Warfare

  • 1. Describe ONE of the Philosopher’s Beliefs

  • 2. What Is the Term For Alexander Mixing Eastern & Western Cultures?

  • 3. What Was the Fate of the 300?

Unit IDaily Quizzes

Day I-Maps

  • 1. Name the 7 Continents

  • 2. Name the 5 Oceans

  • 3. Which Direction of Measurement is From East to West?

  • 4. North, South, East, West are Called The…?

Day 2- 8 Features

  • 1. Feature That Organizes Food & Maintains Order

  • 2. Feature Covering Different Skills & Abilities

  • 3. Feature Focused on Wealthy vs. Poor

  • 4. Feature Used to Express Beliefs in Physical Form

Day 2- 8 Features (Honors)

1. The Only Two Purposes of Organized Government

2. Define Polytheistic

3. Very Top & Very Bottom of Social Classes

4. Purpose of The Arts in Civilization

Day 3- Mesopotamia (Honors)

1. What Famous Figure Worshipped Aryans? What Are They Really Known For?

2. Age In Which Sumerians Switched From Nomads to Farmers

3. What Mesopotamia Literally Means

4. What Did Sumerians Call The Pyramids Built to Honor Their gods?

Day 3- Mesopotamia

  • 1. Group of Polytheistic, Partiers

  • 2. THE Major City-State in Mesopotamia

  • 3. “Land Between the (Tigris & Euphrates) Rivers” Means…

  • 4. What Did Sumerians Consider the Afterlife to Be?

Day 4- Dawn of Civilizations (Honors)

1. Two Theories Why The Indus Valley People Disappeared

2. What Helped the Indus Valley People to Water Their Crops

3. What Change the Neolithic Revolution Brought

4. What Was Unique About the Phoenician Civilization?

Day 4- Dawn of Civilizations

  • 1. One Theory As to Why The Indus Valley Disappeared

  • 2. Animal Worshiped By Indus Valley Civilization

  • 3. Term for How Civilizations Change

  • 4. First People to Trade By Sea

Unit IIDaily Quizzes

Day I-Hinduism (Honors)

1. What Two Cultures Combined to Create Hinduism?

2. What is the Force That Unites All the gods? What are the gods called?

3. What is the term for “living well leads to rebirth?”

Day I-Hinduism

1. What are the Sacred Texts?

2. What is a Hindus Goal in Life?

3. What Happens After You Die?

Day 2- Buddhism (Honors)

1. What Goal Does One Want to Reach in Buddhism?

2. What Three Things Are the Cause For All Suffering & Sorrow?

3. What Did Buddha Say One Should Always Follow?

Day 2- Buddhism

1. What Goal Does One Want to Reach in Buddhism?

2. What Must a Buddhist Follow?

3. Buddha Was Searching for a World…?

Day 3- Judaism

1. The Major Sacred Text of Judaism is…?

2. Name a Major Prophet of the Jews

3. Belief in One God is Called…?

Day 3- Judaism (Honors)

1. The 2 Sacred Texts? And How Are They Read?

2. Who Was the Father of Judaism and What is a Covenant?

3. What is the Problem Between Jews & Muslims?

Day 4- Christianity

1. Jewish Rabbi Who Was Called the Son of God…?

2. Why Did Christianity Grow Large?

3. Who are Two Major Figures in Christianity?

Day 6- Islam

1. Who was the Founder of Islam?

2. Name One of the Things a Muslim Can NOT Do

3. TRUE or FALSE: Muslims, Christians, & Jews All Worship the Same God

DAY 1- Egypt

  • 1. What Types of People Participated in the Mummification Process?

  • 2. Name the Two Types of Government We Said Egypt Has

  • 3. What Did the Egyptians Use to Translate Languages

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