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EOP WRITING ARTS. DANIEL PRESTON JULY 13, 2010. Diagnostic Test Group A. Strengths: Identifying and repairing fragments Identifying and Fixing Run-Ons Repairing Incorrect Comma usage Things to work on: Irregular verb usage The Semi-colon (;) Subject – Verb agreement.

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Eop writing arts

EOP WRITING ARTS

DANIEL PRESTON

JULY 13, 2010


Diagnostic test group a
Diagnostic TestGroup A

  • Strengths:

    • Identifying and repairing fragments

    • Identifying and Fixing Run-Ons

    • Repairing Incorrect Comma usage

  • Things to work on:

    • Irregular verb usage

    • The Semi-colon (;)

    • Subject – Verb agreement


Diagnostic test group c
Diagnostic TestGroup C

  • Strengths:

    • Identifying and repairing fragments

    • Repairing Incorrect Comma usage

  • Things to work on:

    • Irregular verb usage

    • The Semi-colon (;)

    • Subject – Verb agreement


It s grammar time

It’s Grammar Time

Fragments & Run-On Sentences


Let s see what you know
Let’s see what you know

  • What are the necessary parts of a complete sentence?

    • Subject & Verb

    • At least one independent clause


Independent dependent clauses
Independent / Dependent Clauses

  • An independent clausehas a subject and a verb and can stand alone.

  • Adependent clauseoften begins with transitional words or phrases such as because or when and is supported by the remainder of the sentence around it.


Identifying fragments
IDENTIFYING FRAGMENTS

  • Ask yourself:

    • Is there a verb? If there is, then

      • Is there a subject? If yes, then

        • Is the word group an independent clause? (not beginning with words like because or when?)

          • IT IS A SENTENCE.

    • If a word group fails any of these tests, it is a fragment.


Commands
Commands

  • Commands are sentences that imply the subject you, and provide an action to be done. Verbs are usually in the present tense. These are considered complete sentences.

    • Run to the store.

    • Do as I ask.


Fixing fragments
Fixing Fragments

  • Once you have identified a word grouping as a fragment, try one of these solutions:

    • Rewrite the fragment as a complete sentence.

    • Connect the fragment to a nearby sentence.

      • If lists are involved, you can often connect with a colon or a dash.


Are these fragments
Are these Fragments?

  • If you were to summarize your experiences here so far in a 30 sec spot. What details would you include?



  • Cortes and his soldiers were astonished when they looked down from the mountains and saw Tenochtilan. The magnificent capital of the Aztecs.

    • Cortes and his soldiers were astonished when they looked down from the mountains and saw Tenochtilan,the magnificent capital of the Aztecs.





Independent dependent clauses1
Independent / Dependent Clauses being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.

  • An independent clausehas a subject and a verb and can stand alone.

  • Adependent clauseoften begins with transitional words or phrases such as because or when and is supported by the remainder of the sentence around it.


Three causes for run on sentences
Three causes for run-on sentences being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.

  • FUSED SENTENCES

    • Two or more independent clauses with no punctuation or coordinating conjunction between them.

  • COMMA SPLICES

    • Two or more independent clauses separated by a comma with no coordinating conjunction between them.

    • Two or more independent clauses separated by a comma but is joined by a word that is not a coordinating conjunction


Coordinating conjuctions
Coordinating being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.conjuctions

  • There are only seven coordinating conjunctions in English. They are:

    • And

    • But

    • Or

    • Nor

    • For

    • So

    • Yet


Coordinating conjuctions1
Coordinating being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.conjuctions

  • There are only seven coordinating conjunctions in English. They are:

    • And

    • But

    • Or

    • Nor

    • For

    • So

    • Yet


Identifying run ons
IDENTIFYING RUN-ONS being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.

  • Does the sentence contain two independent clauses?

  • If so, ask yourself:

    • Are the clauses joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction? (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)

      • Are the clauses joined with a semicolon? (;)

        • IT IS NOT A RUN –ON SENTENCE.

  • If a word group fails any of these tests, it is a run-on, and should be revised.


  • Fixing run ons
    Fixing Run- being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.Ons

    • Once you have identified a word grouping as a run-on, try one of these solutions:

      • Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction.

      • Use a semicolon (;) either by itself or with a transitional expression (however, therefore).

      • Separate the clauses into their own sentences.

      • Restructure the sentence usually by making one of the clauses subordinate (dependent).


    Semicolon
    Semicolon (;) being that dangerous chemicals are used throughout the various stages of meat production.

    • A semicolon is used to join two closely related independent clauses whose relationship can be understood without a coordinating conjunction.

    • A semicolon can be used alone or accompanied by a transitional expression (however, therefore, moreover, in fact, for example)

    • If a transitional expression is used to link independent clauses, a semicolon is required.







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