World war ii on the homefront
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

WORLD WAR II on THE HOMEFRONT PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 106 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

WORLD WAR II on THE HOMEFRONT. In a total war, the home front changes. MORE GOVERNMENT CONTROL CIVILIANS MAKE SACRIFICES CIVIL RIGHTS GAINS MADE, ESPECIALLY FOR BLACKS AND WOMEN. Gov’t expands its role in managing the economy. War Production Board controls production.

Download Presentation

WORLD WAR II on THE HOMEFRONT

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


World war ii on the homefront

WORLD WAR II on THE HOMEFRONT

  • In a total war, the home front changes.

    • MORE GOVERNMENT CONTROL

    • CIVILIANS MAKE SACRIFICES

    • CIVIL RIGHTS GAINS MADE, ESPECIALLY FOR BLACKS AND WOMEN


Gov t expands its role in managing the economy

Gov’t expands its role in managing the economy

  • War Production Board controls production.

    • Tells factories what to make, how much to make and how much to charge.

    • This saves time

    • Ford stops making cars—makes tanks, jeeps etc.

    • Grand Haven

      • Story And Clark Pianos switch to glider parts


Propaganda

Propaganda

  • Government uses propaganda to get people to support the war effort


Big push to work in factories

Big Push to Work In Factories

  • Production of war goods was essential

  • Government pushes the idea that you could be a “soldier” in the factory.


Buying war bonds

BUYING WAR BONDS

  • Citizens encouraged to buy bonds to support war.

  • During War, people are working, but there’s nothing to buy.

  • Government works to get citizens to invest in war effort

  • In Grand Haven, we built a new Escanaba


More great war bond posters

More great war bond posters


Sacrificing for the war effort

Sacrificing for the War Effort

  • People put personal issues aside to contribute to war effort.

  • One Way is by rationing.


Rationing

RATIONING

  • Amounts of key goods (food, gas, rubber etc.) were rationed.

  • Citizens issued stamps that were turned in when they bought products.


World war ii on the homefront

  • Gov’t also encouraged people to avoid the black market


Victory gardens

VICTORY GARDENS

  • Citizens were encouraged to grow their own food so more of commercial farmers’ output could go to war effort


Recycling

RECYCLING

  • Citizens were encouraged to recycle to help war drive

  • Scrap Iron

  • Scrap Rubber

  • Kids even saved Bacon Grease


World war ii on the homefront

  • The idea was nobody should waste anything or use more than they needed.


Even car pooling

Even Car Pooling

  • What’s the message here?


Civil rights gains

CIVIL RIGHTS GAINS

  • Women get to move into “men’s work”

  • African-Americans get more job opportunities

  • Mexicans allowed to come to USA under “Bracero” program.


Women move into factories

Women move into factories

  • “Rosie The Riveter” becomes a symbol of all women in the factories.

  • New jobs=increased freedom, self-esteem


World war ii on the homefront

  • Women were made to feel like part of the war effort


World war ii on the homefront

  • No job was seen as inessential.


African americans make gains

African Americans make gains

  • DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN (beat the enemy overseas, beat racism at home)

  • A. Phillip Randolph threatened protest and march on Washington if FDR didn’t do something about discrimination in factories


Fdr issues executive order 8802

FDR issues executive order 8802

  • Bans discrimination in factories getting government contracts.

  • Creates Fair Employment Practices Commission to keep eye on things

  • First real civil rights gains since 1870s


Mexican americans

Mexican Americans

  • Bracero program encourages Mexican laborers to come to America to make up for work shortage.


Japanese americans the shameful side of homefront politics

Japanese-Americans—the shameful side of homefront politics

  • After Pearl Harbor—fear of Japanese.

  • All Japanese Americans on West Coast forced to relocate to concentration camps in desert areas


Was it fair

Was it fair?

Many were American citizens

None ever found guilty of disloyalty

Many Japanese-Americans served in army with honors


Was it legal

Was it Legal

  • In 1944, Supreme Court said it was in case Korematsu v. U.S.

  • In 1988, Government admitted wrong doing and paid survivors $20,000


Remember your revolutionary war test

Remember your Revolutionary War Test?

  • One essay question asked you: “Wars usually make their largest impact in the social realm.” Evaluate this statement for the War for Independence.

  • How would you answer that for WWII


  • Login