An epidemiological approach of avian influenza as an alternative concept in indonesia l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

An Epidemiological Approach of Avian Influenza as an Alternative Concept in Indonesia PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 139 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

An Epidemiological Approach of Avian Influenza as an Alternative Concept in Indonesia. Siti Pariani Pirlina Umiastuti. BACKGROUND INDONESIA  AGENT OF DISEASE : H5N1  -highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) - Rapid mutations - Difficult to detect

Download Presentation

An Epidemiological Approach of Avian Influenza as an Alternative Concept in Indonesia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


An epidemiological approach of avian influenza as an alternative concept in indonesia l.jpg

An Epidemiological Approach of Avian Influenza as an Alternative Concept in Indonesia

Siti Pariani

Pirlina Umiastuti


Slide2 l.jpg

  • BACKGROUND

  • INDONESIA 

  • AGENT OF DISEASE :

  • H5N1  -highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)

  • - Rapid mutations

  • - Difficult to detect

  • 2. GEOGRAPHIC AND VECTOR FACTORS:

  • - Island

  • - wild bird transsito

  • - poultry

  • - butcheriy pig


Slide3 l.jpg

3. POPULATION: - Mobile - Health behaviour (Knowledge, attitude, Practice)4. DATA: - Poultries in 23 Provinces H5N1 + - 14 patients H5N1 + 5. CLINICAL & ENVIRONMENT APPROACH: - Pasive approach+ investigation model - Surveillance epidemiology ? - Poultry vaccination? - Culling down chicken?


Slide4 l.jpg

PROBLEMS:

Prevent and control the avian Influenza

OBJECTIVE:

Epidemiological approach concept to prevent and control avian influenza in Indonesia

SPECIFIC objectives: Data collection

Data management

Data analysis

Data dessimination


Slide5 l.jpg

CRITICAL APPRAISAL:1.Available and or reliable data of deseases? - Number of cases - Incidence rate - Case fatality rate


Slide6 l.jpg

  • 2. Rapid assesssment of host, agent, environment?

  • Host: -Health behaviours of people

  • Personal hygienes of poultry breeder, care givers and

  • sellersand bird market

  • - direct or indirect contact of vectors and agent

  • -distribution of diseases by demographic variables of

  • patients, timing of deseases (dry or rainy season),

  • mapping place of patients etc

  • Agent: where, when, how human contact with the agent

  • Environment: Hygiene Sanitation


Slide7 l.jpg

3. Disease Management ?1) Epidemiological method into practice : - Analysis - Evaluation - Communication- Management and teamwork- Consultation- Presentation skills2) Public health action :- Collection of pertinent data :-regular-frequent-timely- Orderly consolidation, evaluation and description interpretation- Distribution of the finding


Slide8 l.jpg

WHAT SHOULD WE DO IN INDONESIA

SURVEILLANCE EPIDEMIOLOGY

A. DATA COLLECTION

1. “Active” Surveillance

-timely but simplicity, acceptability and sensitivity

2. “passive” surveillance

Continuesly but simple, acceptable and flexible

3. Sentinel approach,

used provokated avian to detect H5N1


Slide9 l.jpg

B. QUALITY OF DATA1. DATA INPUT high quality Who provided the data How confirm the data  specificitas and sensitivitas2. MANAGEMEN DATA Clean data Retrieved and verified3. DATA ANALYSIS AND DATA OUTPUT relevant, reliable and acurat4. DATA ARCHIEVEDC. DISSEMINATION: interdisipline and intersectoral


Slide10 l.jpg

INVESTIGATION

THREE ELEMENTS:

(a) Notification of essential people and organization

(b) Identification of materials needed

(c) Travel planning


Slide11 l.jpg

STEPS: 1. Determine the existence of an avian influenza epidemic2. Confirm of diagnosis3. Define and count the cases4. Orient the data in terms of time, place and person5. Determine who is at risk of having avian influenza6. Develop and test an explanatory hypothesis7. Compare the hypothesis with the proven facts8. Plan a more systematic study9. Prepare a written report10.Propose measures for control and prevention


Slide12 l.jpg

Point of Important about data

  • DATA COLLECTIONS:

  • SIMILAR SYMPTOM  counted

  • LAB SPECIMEN

  • 2. CALCULATION OF DATA COLLECTION

  • 3. EVALUATION OF THE SOURCE of INFECTION

  • 4. ESTABLISHED an INFORMAL ASSOSSIATION:

  • 1) Continuing support

  • 2) An effective continuing education opportunity

  • 3) A mutually supporting and efficient method


Slide13 l.jpg

(6) Providing examples of simple indicators and methods of recording, aggregating, and analyzing data to obtain useful information(7) Providing guidelines on budgeting, cost, analyzing and cost control(8) Providing guidelines on the technical issues, including appropriate ways of controlling the avian influenza


Slide14 l.jpg

B. Data collection and analysis about :

Population: morbidity, mortality, behaviours, etc

Environment: Hygiene sanitation, poultry & buchery pig environments, etc

Agent:specificity and sensitivity of indikators

Health care system: establishing continuesly system; train providers, etc

C. Research Indikator


  • Login