The context text connection
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The Context-Text Connection. Lone Albrecht HHÅ. All meaning is situated. in a context of situation in a context of culture. ’Just put it beside those other ones.’. Meaning clear or obscure? Someone is moving house - it’s a carton full of household goods

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The Context-Text Connection

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The context text connection

The Context-Text Connection

Lone Albrecht

HHÅ


All meaning is situated

All meaning is situated

  • in a context of situation

  • in a context of culture

Introduction to TA October 04


Just put it beside those other ones

’Just put it beside those other ones.’

  • Meaning clear or obscure?

  • Someone is moving house - it’s a carton full of household goods

  • Meaningful within the context of situation

  • Meaningful within the context of culture?

Introduction to TA October 04


Context of culture determines what we can mean through

Context of Culture - determines what we can mean through

  • being ’who we are’

  • doing ’what we do’

  • saying ’what we say’

Introduction to TA October 04


Context of situation specified through the register variables

Context of Situation - specified through the register variables:

  • FIELD

  • TENOR

  • MODE

Introduction to TA October 04


Register variables

Register Variables:

  • Field: experiential/ideational meaning

  • Tenor: interpersonal meaning

  • Mode: textual meaning

Introduction to TA October 04


Field refers to what is going on including

Field - refers to what is going on, including

  • activity focus (nature of social activity)

  • object focus (subject matter)

Introduction to TA October 04


Field cont

Field - cont.

  • Activity focus/object focus:

  • Participants - NPs in S & C

  • Processes - VP

  • Circumstances - A & Adv

Introduction to TA October 04


Field ideational meaning

Field - Ideational meaning

  • Reference to:

    • phenomena – things

      • living and non-living

      • abstract and concrete

      • the circumstances surrounding these happenings and doings

    • realised in wordings through participants (N), processes (V) and circumstances (A)

Introduction to TA October 04


Tenor refers to the social relationships between those taking part

Tenor - refers to the social relationships between those taking part

  • Tenor: interpersonal meaning:

    • status or power (agent roles, peer or hierarchic relations)

    • affect (degree of like, dislike or neutrality)

    • contact (frequency, duration and intimacy of social contact)

Introduction to TA October 04


Interpersonal meaning tenor of discourse

Interpersonal meaning – tenor of discourse

  • Expresses a speaker’s attitudes and judgements

  • acting upon and with others

  • realised in wordings through

    • mood and modality

    • adjectives, adverbs

Introduction to TA October 04


The context text connection

Mood

  • Declarative: we inspect the growing plants every week

  • Imperative: Brock, get those plants inspected right now!

  • Interrogative: did you get those plants inspected?

  • Degree of informality or formality

  • Attitudinal lexis: ‘incompetent fool’

Introduction to TA October 04


Modality

Modality

  • Attitude or judgement, adverbs: Fortunately/unfortunately

  • Modal verbs: the crop might be inspected; the crop should be inspected

Introduction to TA October 04


Mode refers to how language is being used

Mode - refers to how language is being used

  • Mode: textual meaning

  • Cohesion/sequencing

  • The channel of communication - spoken or written

  • language is being used as a mode of action or reflection

Introduction to TA October 04


Textual meaning

Textual meaning

  • Theme/rheme

  • Cohesion:

    • lexical

    • grammatical

    • lexico-grammatical

  • Antonymy, hyponymy

Introduction to TA October 04


A text specimen

A Text Specimen

…we supervise the planting and inspect the harvest. And we buy only the pick of the crop. Our experienced buyers look for lack of blemish, minimum number of eyes, pure white ‘meaty’ interiors with firm consistency…

Introduction to TA October 04


Analysis

Analysis

  • What is the topic of the text?

  • Who/what kind of person produced the text? For whom?

  • Do you think it was written or spoken?

Introduction to TA October 04


Answers

Answers

  • Genre:

  • advertisement

  • Field:

  • potatoes for McDonald’s french fries

  • Tenor:

  • Representative of McD.’s or adv. Copy writer for McD. Writing for adult customers

  • Mode:

  • written, as a tray liner

Introduction to TA October 04


Context text

Context - Text

  • Field : ideational features

    • Process: (what goes on)

    • Participant: (who/what participates)

    • Circumstance (under what circumstances)

  • Tenor: interpersonal features

    • mood & modality

    • roles, attitudes

  • Mode: textual/theme,

    • Cohesion/theme-rheme

Introduction to TA October 04


The context text connection

THE END

Introduction to TA October 04


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