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On this date in history…. May 7 th 1840 Composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk , Russia 1939 Germany and Italy announced a military and political alliance , the Rome-Berlin Axis

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On this date in history…

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On this date in history

On this date in history…

May 7th

  • 1840Composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk, Russia

  • 1939 Germany and Italy announced a military and political alliance, the Rome-Berlin Axis

  • 1945 Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France, to take effect the following day, ending the European conflict of World War II

  • 1992A 203-year-old proposed constitutional amendment barring Congress from giving itself a midterm pay raise was ratified when Michigan became the 38th state to approve it

Segregatio n in public schools

Segregation in Public Schools

Segregation and the law

Segregation and the law

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    • Supreme Court decision that ruled States may segregate railroad transportation, public schools, voting rights and drinking fountains

    • The segregation is legal if the accommodations are “separate but equal”

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    • For 58 years, “separate but equal” was the justification for numerous states to segregate everything from entrances to buildings, to water fountains, to all forms of public transportation, and in the case of the Little Rock Nine, public schooling

    • In 1954, the Supreme Court reverses Plessy v. Ferguson’s application of “separate but equal” for public schools

    • For several years, some states in the South refuses to comply with the Court’s ruling and continue to segregate schools

The little rock nine and central high school

The Little Rock Nine and Central High School

  • Little Rock Nine

    • 9 black students were chosen, based on their perceived ability to handle the discrimination they would face, to be the first to integrate Little Rock’s Central High School

    • On the day of their first attempt, Gov. Faubus called out the National Guard to bar their entrance to the school as large crowds of angry Whites followed and harassed the students

    • Following the Governor’s actions, President Eisenhower orders 1,000 members of the 101st Airborne Division of the Army to escort the 9 students into the school

    • The purpose of the overwhelming force (1,000 troops to 9 students) was to demonstrate that the Federal government would not allow States disobey Federal Law (the Supremacy Clause in the Constitution)

    • The following year, Gov. Faubus closes the public schools in Arkansas rather than obey the Supreme Court’s ruling

Little rock nine homework

Little Rock Nine Homework

  • Research the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School

  • Respond to these questions using complete sentences and cite examples that backup your argument

    • What is the Supremacy Clause in the Constitution and what does it mean?

    • What Supreme Court case forced the desegregation of Central High School?

    • Who opposed it?

    • What did those who opposed it do to attempt to stop it?

    • Who utilized force to integrate the high school?

    • Do you feel it was legal to force the desegregation of public schools?

    • Why or why not?

    • In the photo of Elizabeth Eckford, what do you think Hazel Bryan was yelling at her?

    • Why does the crowd behind her seem angry?

    • Why is it important to understand the context surrounding a photograph?

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