Chapter 12 pages 232 240
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

Chapter 12 pages 232-240 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 45 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 12 pages 232-240. CHILD LABOUR: Children had always worked with their families (fishing, farming, etc.). Factory work was different because:. No caring family members to help Hours were long with no breaks Children were punished for mistakes Equipment and tools were dangerous.

Download Presentation

Chapter 12 pages 232-240

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 12 pages 232 240

Chapter 12 pages 232-240

CHILD LABOUR:

Children had always worked with their families (fishing, farming, etc.)


Factory work was different because

Factory work was different because:

  • No caring family members to help

  • Hours were long with no breaks

  • Children were punished for mistakes

  • Equipment and tools were dangerous


Things began to get better for children because

Things began to get better for children because:

  • People started to realize the harm being done to the children’s health

  • Some people thought all children should have right to education

  • Existing child labour laws were largely ignored until the 1930’s


Wages and benefits

Wages and Benefits:

  • Factory workers paid by the shift or by the piece of work they did

  • Small wages; difficult to support a family

  • Workers could be fined for any little thing

  • Women paid less than men

  • Children paid less than women


Living conditions

Living conditions:

  • Some lived in “company towns”

  • Often lived in poorest areas of the city

  • Very crowded conditions

  • No running water, no sewage facilities

  • Disease was common and easy to spread

  • Fires were common


Women and work p234 235

WOMEN AND WORK: (p234-235)


New opportunities

New Opportunities:

  • Workers needed in stores, offices, factories

  • Operators needed for new telephone and telegraph technologies

  • Typewriter was invented; changed offices

  • These new opportunities available to “White” women


Positive aspects of factory work

Positive Aspects of Factory Work:

  • Available to women without education

  • Domestic work didn’t allow much freedom

  • Had a paycheck

  • Could meet other people

  • Had a day off

  • Women were the main workers in textile (cloth) and garment (clothing) industries


Piecework

Piecework:

  • The company provides the materials

  • Workers (women) took it home to do

  • Paid for each “piece” they produced

  • Children at home often helped

  • Paid less than in factories


Sweatshops

Sweatshops:

  • When a group of women worked under one boss

  • Often recent immigrants that didn’t speak English

  • Called this because they worked so hard

  • Also refers to the worst kind of garment factories


The office girl

The Office “Girl”

  • Women needed to learn typing and shorthand

  • Learned to manage the office and act as servants for their male bosses

  • Women earned about half the pay as a man

  • Opened up the world of business to women but took many years before women had real opportunities


Labour unions p236 237

LABOUR UNIONS (p236-237)

During the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, Unions didn’t have much effect on the lives of workers, but they were the first steps in changing ideas about the rights of workers.


Craft unions

Craft Unions:

  • Started in mid 1800’s by craft workers

  • people with special skills (ex. Shoemakers, tailors, bakers, etc.)

  • Tried to stop companies from replacing them with machines

  • Only male workers could join


Trade unions

Trade Unions:

  • Workers in resource industries wanted to change their working conditions

  • Formed “trade unions”

  • Unions would negotiate with companies for better pay, etc.

  • Unions helped improve the lives of members and their families

  • Were part of their community life as well


What unions achieved p239

What Unions Achieved:(p239)

  • There were many conflicts between Unions and Companies, some violent

  • Sometimes workers didn’t benefit

  • Slowly, Unions gained power and companies had to compromise to improve conditions and wages

  • Eventually, laws were made to benefit all workers


  • Login