Principles of urban planning
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城市规划原理 Principles of Urban Planning. 建筑与艺术学院 2005 级城市规划专业. 合肥工业大学 建筑与艺术学院 . 城市规划系 Depart. of Urban Planning Institute of Architecture & Art Hefei Industrial University Min Wu [email protected] 13955126030. Contents (Ⅰ) : ★ 城市与城市化 ★ 城市规划理论与编制 ★ 城市构成与用地规划 ★ 城市发展战略.

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城市规划原理 Principles of Urban Planning

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Principles of Urban Planning

2005


.

Depart. of Urban Planning

Institute of Architecture & Art

Hefei Industrial University

Min Wu

[email protected]

13955126030


Contents ():

Contents ():


Urban Overall Layout


,.


1.2000 .

2..

311.





1. Urban Function


2. Urban Structure

GB


2.1


2.2

1Theory of Organic Decentralization

E.Saarinen

1918.


2A City Is Not A Tree

ChristopherAlexander


.

eg


3Theories of urban Functional Structure


  • :

    E.W.Burgess. 1923

    Concentric Zone Theory

  • CBD

    Transition Zone

    Zone of better residenses

    Commuters zone


  • H.Hoyt1939

    Sector Theory


64

1

2

3


  • C.D.Harris.

  • E.L.Ullman. 1945

    Multiple-nuclei Theory


1

2

3

4


1

2.3

eg Los Angeles Tokyo.etc.


2Spider Web/Ring-radial

egParisVienna

Shanghai.etc.


3


4Satellite

Satellite

egLondonParisStockholm.etc.


5LinearZonary

eg


6Ring


7Galaxy

eg.etc.


8Poly-centric Net

eg etc.


3. Urban MorphologyForm Landscape

GB



3.1

1

2


  • 3.2

  • 1

    2


3.3

( )


Focal Form Linear Form USL Radial FormConurbation FormCluster FormScattered Form


1Focal Form


2Linear Form

USL


3Radial Form

3


4 Cluster Form

2


5Conurbation Form

13


6Scattered Form


3.4


1

C.Alexander


2


4.


1.1

1

The Essential Principles of Urban Overall Layout

1.

eg


2

3

eg


1.2

1

eg

2

eg


2.

2.1

1


2


3


2.2

1

eg

2

eg

eg:


2.3

1

2

3


2.4

eg


3.

3.1

1

:

:


2

+ +

+ +

+ +

.etc


3.2

1

egMoscow


2

eg

3

eg


4.

4.1

1

2

3

4


4.2

1


2


3

eg


5.Integrative Harmony among Urban Overall Layout (P.206)

Integrative Harmony between Internal Structure and External Structure

Integrative Harmony between Upper-structure and Lower-structure

Combining Local Layout and Whole Layout

Combining Immediate Construction Plan and Long-dated Controlling

6.Planning Schemes Evolution of Urban Overall Layout (P.241)

Multi-scheme Comparison

Contents of Schemes Comparison

Synthetically Assessment,Conclusion, and Improvement


Forms of Urban Overall Layout

1.


1.1

eg


1.2

eg


1.3

1

eg


2

eg


2.

2.1

eg


2.2

1


2

eg


2.3

eg


2.4

eg


3. ( agglomeration )

3.1

1

2

Sleeping Town19101920

1918

1944


egMilton Keynes

8


3.2

1

75100KM

50100

1030

2.57.5

12


2

eg

Ranstard


3


4


1.

1.1

1.2

1.3

Immediate Plan & Layout


2.

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4


3.

3.1 35

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6


1. Structure Plan

1.1

1974Land Use Plan

1965Structure Plan19681971Strategy Plan

Structure Plan / Local Plan

Australia 19651970Tomorrows Canberra

Structure Plan & Perspective Plan of Urban Development


1.2

Country

eg


1.3 Contents

Introduction

Strategies Frame of Development

Environment Landscape, Nature Conservation, Heritage Conservation

Development Settlement Policy, Housing, Employment, Tourism, Recreation and Leisure

Transportation


2. Perspective Plan

2.1 Concept


2.2

1

2


3

50


2.3

1

eg :

20


2

Dispersed Urban Pattern


Concentrated Urban Structure

both/andeither/or


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