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城市规划原理 Principles of Urban Planning. 建筑与艺术学院 2005 级城市规划专业. 合肥工业大学 建筑与艺术学院 . 城市规划系 Depart. of Urban Planning Institute of Architecture & Art Hefei Industrial University Min Wu [email protected] 13955126030. Contents (Ⅰ) : ★ 城市与城市化 ★ 城市规划理论与编制 ★ 城市构成与用地规划 ★ 城市发展战略.

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城市规划原理 Principles of Urban Planning

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Principles of urban planning

Principles of Urban Planning

2005


Principles of urban planning

.

Depart. of Urban Planning

Institute of Architecture & Art

Hefei Industrial University

Min Wu

[email protected]

13955126030


Principles of urban planning

Contents ():

Contents ():


Urban overall layout

Urban Overall Layout


Principles of urban planning

,.


Principles of urban planning

1.2000 .

2..

311.


Principles of urban planning


Principles of urban planning


Principles of urban planning


Principles of urban planning

1. Urban Function


Principles of urban planning

2. Urban Structure

GB


Principles of urban planning

2.1


Principles of urban planning

2.2

1Theory of Organic Decentralization

E.Saarinen

1918.


Principles of urban planning

2A City Is Not A Tree

ChristopherAlexander


Principles of urban planning

.

eg


Principles of urban planning

3Theories of urban Functional Structure


Principles of urban planning

  • :

    E.W.Burgess. 1923

    Concentric Zone Theory

  • CBD

    Transition Zone

    Zone of better residenses

    Commuters zone


Principles of urban planning

  • H.Hoyt1939

    Sector Theory


Principles of urban planning

64

1

2

3


Principles of urban planning

  • C.D.Harris.

  • E.L.Ullman. 1945

    Multiple-nuclei Theory


Principles of urban planning

1

2

3

4


Principles of urban planning

1

2.3

eg Los Angeles Tokyo.etc.


Principles of urban planning

2Spider Web/Ring-radial

egParisVienna

Shanghai.etc.


Principles of urban planning

3


Principles of urban planning

4Satellite

Satellite

egLondonParisStockholm.etc.


Principles of urban planning

5LinearZonary

eg


Principles of urban planning

6Ring


Principles of urban planning

7Galaxy

eg.etc.


Principles of urban planning

8Poly-centric Net

eg etc.


Principles of urban planning

3. Urban MorphologyForm Landscape

GB


Principles of urban planning


Principles of urban planning

3.1

1

2


Principles of urban planning

  • 3.2

  • 1

    2


Principles of urban planning

3.3

( )


Principles of urban planning

Focal Form Linear Form USL Radial FormConurbation FormCluster FormScattered Form


Principles of urban planning

1Focal Form


Principles of urban planning

2Linear Form

USL


Principles of urban planning

3Radial Form

3


Principles of urban planning

4 Cluster Form

2


Principles of urban planning

5Conurbation Form

13


Principles of urban planning

6Scattered Form


Principles of urban planning

3.4


Principles of urban planning

1

C.Alexander


Principles of urban planning

2


Principles of urban planning

4.


Principles of urban planning

1.1

1

The Essential Principles of Urban Overall Layout

1.

eg


Principles of urban planning

2

3

eg


Principles of urban planning

1.2

1

eg

2

eg


Principles of urban planning

2.

2.1

1


Principles of urban planning

2


Principles of urban planning

3


Principles of urban planning

2.2

1

eg

2

eg

eg:


Principles of urban planning

2.3

1

2

3


Principles of urban planning

2.4

eg


Principles of urban planning

3.

3.1

1

:

:


Principles of urban planning

2

+ +

+ +

+ +

.etc


Principles of urban planning

3.2

1

egMoscow


Principles of urban planning

2

eg

3

eg


Principles of urban planning

4.

4.1

1

2

3

4


Principles of urban planning

4.2

1


Principles of urban planning

2


Principles of urban planning

3

eg


Principles of urban planning

5.Integrative Harmony among Urban Overall Layout (P.206)

Integrative Harmony between Internal Structure and External Structure

Integrative Harmony between Upper-structure and Lower-structure

Combining Local Layout and Whole Layout

Combining Immediate Construction Plan and Long-dated Controlling

6.Planning Schemes Evolution of Urban Overall Layout (P.241)

Multi-scheme Comparison

Contents of Schemes Comparison

Synthetically Assessment,Conclusion, and Improvement


Principles of urban planning

Forms of Urban Overall Layout

1.


Principles of urban planning

1.1

eg


Principles of urban planning

1.2

eg


Principles of urban planning

1.3

1

eg


Principles of urban planning

2

eg


Principles of urban planning

2.

2.1

eg


Principles of urban planning

2.2

1


Principles of urban planning

2

eg


Principles of urban planning

2.3

eg


Principles of urban planning

2.4

eg


Principles of urban planning

3. ( agglomeration )

3.1

1

2

Sleeping Town19101920

1918

1944


Principles of urban planning

egMilton Keynes

8


Principles of urban planning

3.2

1

75100KM

50100

1030

2.57.5

12


Principles of urban planning

2

eg

Ranstard


Principles of urban planning

3


Principles of urban planning

4


Principles of urban planning

1.

1.1

1.2

1.3

Immediate Plan & Layout


Principles of urban planning

2.

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4


Principles of urban planning

3.

3.1 35

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6


Principles of urban planning

1. Structure Plan

1.1

1974Land Use Plan

1965Structure Plan19681971Strategy Plan

Structure Plan / Local Plan

Australia 19651970Tomorrows Canberra

Structure Plan & Perspective Plan of Urban Development


Principles of urban planning

1.2

Country

eg


Principles of urban planning

1.3 Contents

Introduction

Strategies Frame of Development

Environment Landscape, Nature Conservation, Heritage Conservation

Development Settlement Policy, Housing, Employment, Tourism, Recreation and Leisure

Transportation


Principles of urban planning

2. Perspective Plan

2.1 Concept


Principles of urban planning

2.2

1

2


Principles of urban planning

3

50


Principles of urban planning

2.3

1

eg :

20


Principles of urban planning

2

Dispersed Urban Pattern


Principles of urban planning

Concentrated Urban Structure

both/andeither/or


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