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EDUCATION SYSTEM FOR ADULTS in Finland. Working life. Doc. Lic. Professional Courses and continuing education. Polytechnic Master's degrees. 5 4 3 2 1. Work experience. Master's degrees Bachelor's degrees Universities (20). 4 3 2 1. Polytechnic degrees (Bachelor's

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Education system for adults in finland
EDUCATION SYSTEM FOR ADULTS in Finland

Working life

Doc.

Lic.

Professional

Courses

and continuing

education

Polytechnic Master's degrees

5

4

3

2

1

Work experience

Master's

degrees

Bachelor's

degrees

Universities (20)

4

3

2

1

Polytechnic

degrees (Bachelor's

degree)

Polytechnics (29)

Higher Education

Open

University and

Polytechnic studies

Working life

Specialist

vocational

qualifications

Further vocational

training

Work experience

Secondary Education

3

2

1

3 2

1

Matriculation

examination

Upper secondary

school

Liberal

Adult

Education

Further vocational qualifications

Vocational schools

for adults

Vocational qualifications

Vocational schools

Vocational training

Work experience

9

8

7

Liberal

Adult

Education

Basic education

Liberal adult education

26

Primary Education

Working life

16

15

Basic educationl

Age


FINLAND

Individualisation in Adult Education and

Competence Based Qualifications in VET

  • BACKGROUND

  • The competence-based qualifications system came into force in 1994, and competence tests

  • have been arranged since then.

  • The system has been developed in close cooperation between teachers and representatives of working life.

  • THREE LEVELS

  • Vocational qualifications (basic level) may also be taken in the form of competence-based qualifications

  • Further vocational qualifications demonstrate the vocational skills required of skilled workers

  • Specialist vocational qualifications demonstrate a command of the most demanding tasks in the field.


  • HOW?

  • Adults may demonstrate their vocational skills in competence tests regardless of how and where they have acquired the skills.

  • Taking part in competence tests does not require formal training

  • Many participants participate in preparatory training to rectify gaps in vocational skills learnt at work and to enhance vocational skills.

  • The students participating in preparatory

  • training are provided with individual learning programs.

  • STRUCTURE

  • The qualifications structure is revised annually according to changes in working life and to feedback obtained from the world of business.

  • At present, there are 373 qualifications (191 of them further vocational qualifications and 130 specialist vocational qualifications) included in the structure.


CBQ STAKEHOLDERS

  • Ministry of Ecucation

  • Decideswhich competence-based qualifications are included in the qualifications structure

  • National Board of Education (NBE)

  • Specifies and confirms the requirements for the competence-based qualifications

  • Qualification Committees

  • Arrange and supervise the competence tests

  • award competence-based qualification certificates


  • Schools, colleges and other educational institutions

  • organise preparatory training, organise competence tests, monitor competence tests according to the national guidelines

  • award preparatory training and CBQ certificates

  • are responsible for guidance and advising

  • are partly responsible for assessment (along with working life representatives and the candidate)

  • are responsible for carrying out the individualisation process

  • Working life

  • plans the CBQ tests in co-operation with (training) organisation

  • assesses the candidates with (training) organisation

  • provides efficient on-the-job-learning possibilities

  • communicates the working life’s needs to educational authorities and organisers


Certification in competence-based qualification (CBQ) system

  • Students are awarded the qualification certificate upon the completion of all the required qualification modules.

  • On request, students may also be granted a certificate for each passed module.

  • The certificates of competence-based qualifications are awarded by representatives of the Qualification Committee and the body that arranges the competence tests.


Individualisation – March 2007

  • Phase I / Application

  • marketing and initial guidance

  • APL canvassing

  • planning of study / career paths with advisors and assessors

  • canvassing and identifying counselling and guidance needs

  • canvassing and identifying training needs

  • support and counselling throughout the phase


  • Phase II / Competence tests

  • counselling of advisors and assessors

  • assessment and acknowledgement of prior competences

  • planning of competence tests

  • compiling an individual competence test plan

  • taking competence tests

  • support and counselling throughout the phase


  • Phase III / Completing the vocational skills

  • compiling an individual study plan for preparatory training, including on-the-job learning

  • flexible learning, multiple learning environments and methods

  • canvassing and identifying customer’s needs regarding life and work situation, prior learning and special learning needs

  • support and counselling throughout the phase


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