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1.4 Simplifying ExpressionsPowerPoint Presentation

1.4 Simplifying Expressions

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1.4 Simplifying Expressions

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1.4 Simplifying Expressions

There are three different ways in which a basketball player can score points during a game. There are 1-point free throws, 2-point field goals, and 3-point field goals. An algebraic expression can represent the total points scored during a game.

To translate a real-world situation into an algebraic expression, you must first determine the action being described. Then choose the operation that is indicated by the type of action and the context clues.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each situation.

- A. the number of apples in a basket of 12 after n more are added
- B. the number of days it will take to walk 100 miles if you walk M miles per day

12 + n

Add n to 12.

Divide 100 by M.

Write an algebraic expression to represent each situation.

a. Lucy’s age y years after her 18th birthday

18 + y

Add y to 18.

b. the number of seconds in h hours

3600h

Multiply h by 3600.

To evaluate an algebraic expression, substitute a number for each variable and simplify by using the order of operations. One way to remember the order of operations is by using the mnemonic PEMDAS.

Evaluate the expression for the given values of the variables.

2x – xy + 4y for x = 5 and y = 2

Evaluate the expression for the given values of the variables.

q2 + 4qr – r2 for r = 3 and q = 7

Evaluate x2y – xy2 + 3y for x = 2 and y = 5.

Recall that the terms of an algebraic expression are separated by addition or subtraction symbols. Like terms have the same variables raised to the same exponents. Constant terms are like terms that always have the same value.

Remember!

Terms that are written without a coefficient have an understood coefficient of 1.

x2 = 1x2

To simplify an algebraic expression, combine like terms by adding or subtracting their coefficients. Algebraic expressions are equivalent if they contain exactly the same terms when simplified.

Simplify the expression.

3x2 + 2x – 3y + 4x2

Simplify the expression.

j(6k2 + 7k) + 9jk2 – 7jk

Simplify the expression –3(2x – xy + 3y) – 11xy.

Apples cost $2 per pound, and grapes cost $3 per pound.

Write and simplify an expression for the total cost if you buy 10 lb of apples and grapes combined.

Apples cost $2 per pound, and grapes cost $3 per pound.

What is the total cost if 2 lb of the 10 lb are apples?

A travel agent is selling 100 discount packages. He makes $50 for each Hawaii package and $80 for each Cancún package.

Write an expression to represent the total the agent will make selling a combination of the two packages.

How much will he make if he sells 28 Hawaii packages?