Chapter 2: European Colonies in America.
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The Big Picture: Following Columbus’ voyages, European nations competed to establish colonies in the Americas. By 1733 the English had founded a diverse group of colonies along the Atlantic Ocean seaboard. Their efforts, however, had disastrous consequences for the Native Americans.
Main Idea: In the 1500s and 1600s, European nations led by Spain, continued to explore, claim territory, and build settlements in America.
Ponce de Leon & Florida
Cortez and the Aztec
Golden Cities and other Explorers
Land, Labor, and the Pueblo Revolt
Main Idea: After several failures, the English established a permanent settlement at Jamestown, Virginia.
King James’ Charter
First Settlers and Captain Smith
The Starving Time and Tobacco
The Headright System and the House of Burgesses
Colonial Workers and Conflict
Main Idea: The Pilgrims founded colonies in Massachusetts based on Puritan religious ideals, while dissent led to the founding of other New England colonies.
Puritans and Separatists
Founding Plymouth Colony
“A City Upon A Hill”
Rhode Island and New Hampshire
Witchcraft Trials in Salem
Education and Government
Relations with Native Americans
Main Idea: Events in England during and after the English Civil War led to a new wave of colonization along the Atlantic coast south of New England.
Charles II and the Restoration
New Netherland becomes New York