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Unit 12 . Reconstruction. 12.1. Civil War Effects. Reconstruction Era. 1865-1877 Period after Civil War Issue: How South would be admitted back into Union. Freedmans bureau . Expanded education purposes Helped freed slaves food, clothing, and medical care Asked for:

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unit 12

Unit 12

Reconstruction

slide2

12.1

Civil War Effects

reconstruction era
Reconstruction Era
  • 1865-1877
  • Period after Civil War
  • Issue:
    • How South would be admitted back into Union
freedmans bureau
Freedmans bureau
  • Expanded education purposes
  • Helped freed slaves food, clothing, and medical care
  • Asked for:
    • “20 acres and mule”
black codes
Black Codes
  • laws passed in the South during Reconstruction to limit the opportunities for freedmans.
  • Made it Illegal to:
    • Hold public office
    • Travel freely
    • Serve on juries
compromise of 1877
Compromise of 1877
  • The election of 1876 was very close
  • Congress would decide who would win the election
  • In a deal with Southern states, Rutherford B Hayes promised to remove soldiers if they voted for him to win the election
slide7

12.2

Reconstruction Legislation (LAWS)

civil rights bill
Civil Rights Bill
  • Guaranteed freedman’s rights
  • AKA:
    • 14th amendment
reconstruction act of 1867
Reconstruction Act of 1867
  • Union established military rule over former Confederate states
  • Union troops helped register freedman to vote
  • Former Confederate leaders could not vote
jim crow laws
Jim Crow Laws
  • laws passed to bypass laws created by the Radical Republicans(North)
  • Jim Crow laws functioned to keep black and white people separated:
  • Schools, marriage, voting
  • Examples:
    • No colored person shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls.
    • Separate rooms [shall] be provided for the teaching of pupils of African descent
homestead act of 1862
Homestead Act of 1862
  • Any citizen could occupy 160 acres of land
  • If the property were “improved” after 5 yrs the owner would be given the land
  • Attracted poor people and immigrants
  • 1.4 million homestead sites were granted
dawes act
Dawes Act
  • Purpose was to protect the Indian society
  • Each indian family was given 160 acres
  • The surplus was taken by the Gov’t
  • Tribal ownership disappeared
  • The Indian culture was greatly affected
morril act
Morril Act
  • Each state was given 30,000 acres of land per congress member
    • Ex: 30,000 x 20=600,000
  • State would sell land and use $ to fund public colleges
    • Ex: A&M - Tech schools
slide14

12.3

People During Reconstruction

andrew johnson
Andrew Johnson
  • Took over for Lincoln after was assasinated
  • Followed Lincoln’s plan for leniency toward Southern states
  • Pardoned most rebel leaders
  • Was almost impeached
    • He fired the security of war which was unconstitutional
rutherford b hayes
Rutherford B Hayes
  • Became the 19th POTUS b/c of the Compromise of 1877
  • Compromise states that in a POTUS election run-off (tie) Hayes would win if Federal troops were removed and Reconstruction ended
  • his victory ended Reconstruction
carpetbaggers scalawags
Carpetbaggers/Scalawags
  • Scalawags:
    • Southerners who sided with the North
  • Carpetbaggers:
    • Northerners who went South
sharecroppers
Sharecroppers
  • Were given land, tools, livestock from plantation owners
  • Plantation owners took advantage of the uneducated farmers
  • (Credit Card example)
  • Were slaves to their loans
  • Created fake money
  • Made sharecroppers buy overpriced tools from them with fake money
klu klux klan
Klu Klux Klan
  • Secret society
  • Sought to destroy the Republican party in the South
  • Intimidated free African-americans and any race who helped them
hiram rhodes revels
Hiram Rhodes Revels
  • US Senator
  • 1st African American senator
  • Elected in 1870
  • Spoke out against racial segragation
  • Helped recruit African Americans during War
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