Unit 12
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Unit 12. Reconstruction. 12.1. Civil War Effects. Reconstruction Era. 1865-1877 Period after Civil War Issue: How South would be admitted back into Union. Freedmans bureau . Expanded education purposes Helped freed slaves food, clothing, and medical care Asked for:

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Unit 12

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Unit 12

Unit 12

Reconstruction


Unit 12

12.1

Civil War Effects


Reconstruction era

Reconstruction Era

  • 1865-1877

  • Period after Civil War

  • Issue:

    • How South would be admitted back into Union


Freedmans bureau

Freedmans bureau

  • Expanded education purposes

  • Helped freed slaves food, clothing, and medical care

  • Asked for:

    • “20 acres and mule”


Black codes

Black Codes

  • laws passed in the South during Reconstruction to limit the opportunities for freedmans.

  • Made it Illegal to:

    • Hold public office

    • Travel freely

    • Serve on juries


Compromise of 1877

Compromise of 1877

  • The election of 1876 was very close

  • Congress would decide who would win the election

  • In a deal with Southern states, Rutherford B Hayes promised to remove soldiers if they voted for him to win the election


Unit 12

12.2

Reconstruction Legislation (LAWS)


Civil rights bill

Civil Rights Bill

  • Guaranteed freedman’s rights

  • AKA:

    • 14th amendment


Reconstruction act of 1867

Reconstruction Act of 1867

  • Union established military rule over former Confederate states

  • Union troops helped register freedman to vote

  • Former Confederate leaders could not vote


Jim crow laws

Jim Crow Laws

  • laws passed to bypass laws created by the Radical Republicans(North)

  • Jim Crow laws functioned to keep black and white people separated:

  • Schools, marriage, voting

  • Examples:

    • No colored person shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls.

    • Separate rooms [shall] be provided for the teaching of pupils of African descent


Homestead act of 1862

Homestead Act of 1862

  • Any citizen could occupy 160 acres of land

  • If the property were “improved” after 5 yrs the owner would be given the land

  • Attracted poor people and immigrants

  • 1.4 million homestead sites were granted


Dawes act

Dawes Act

  • Purpose was to protect the Indian society

  • Each indian family was given 160 acres

  • The surplus was taken by the Gov’t

  • Tribal ownership disappeared

  • The Indian culture was greatly affected


Morril act

Morril Act

  • Each state was given 30,000 acres of land per congress member

    • Ex: 30,000 x 20=600,000

  • State would sell land and use $ to fund public colleges

    • Ex: A&M - Tech schools


Unit 12

12.3

People During Reconstruction


Andrew johnson

Andrew Johnson

  • Took over for Lincoln after was assasinated

  • Followed Lincoln’s plan for leniency toward Southern states

  • Pardoned most rebel leaders

  • Was almost impeached

    • He fired the security of war which was unconstitutional


Rutherford b hayes

Rutherford B Hayes

  • Became the 19th POTUS b/c of the Compromise of 1877

  • Compromise states that in a POTUS election run-off (tie) Hayes would win if Federal troops were removed and Reconstruction ended

  • his victory ended Reconstruction


Carpetbaggers scalawags

Carpetbaggers/Scalawags

  • Scalawags:

    • Southerners who sided with the North

  • Carpetbaggers:

    • Northerners who went South


Sharecroppers

Sharecroppers

  • Were given land, tools, livestock from plantation owners

  • Plantation owners took advantage of the uneducated farmers

  • (Credit Card example)

  • Were slaves to their loans

  • Created fake money

  • Made sharecroppers buy overpriced tools from them with fake money


Klu klux klan

Klu Klux Klan

  • Secret society

  • Sought to destroy the Republican party in the South

  • Intimidated free African-americans and any race who helped them


Hiram rhodes revels

Hiram Rhodes Revels

  • US Senator

  • 1st African American senator

  • Elected in 1870

  • Spoke out against racial segragation

  • Helped recruit African Americans during War


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