Jeopardy. Gregor Mendel. Alleles & Genes. Mendel’s Principles. Patterns of Inheritance. Independent Assortment. Q $100. Q $100. Q $100. Q $100. Q $100. Q $200. Q $200. Q $200. Q $200. Q $200. Q $300. Q $300. Q $300. Q $300. Q $300. Q $400. Q $400. Q $400. Q $400.
Alleles & Genes
What was the name given to
The Father of Genetics
What did Mendel use to carry out his work?
What type of pea plants did Mendel
carry in his garden?
True-breeding & self-pollinating
What did Mendel conclude determines
Factors that are passed from one generation
to the next
Why were true-breeding pea plants
important for Mendel’s experiments?
They have 2 identical alleles for a
gene, so in a genetic cross, each parent
contributes only one form of a gene.
What individual characteristics are
determined by factors that are passed
from one parental generation to the next?
What is segregation?
Separation of alleles
What is the principle called that states
that some alleles are dominant and
others are recessive?
Principle of dominance
What evidence did Mendel use to
explain how segregation occurs?
A short plant appeared in the F2 generation,
proving that the plant had only recessive
What happens to alleles between the
P generation and the F2 generation?
The two alleles of the P generation
separate during gamete formation.
Each gamete carries a single allele
from each parent. As a result, the F2
generation has new alleles.
What is the concept of the likelihood
that an event will occur?
What is the term given to organisms
that have two identical alleles for
a particular gene?
Tt is an example of what type of gene?
How did Gregor Mendel contribute to our
understanding of inherited traits?
The patterns of inheritance he observed
form the basis of modern genetics.
How are Punnett squares used to
predict the outcomes of genetic crosses?
They are used to show all of the
combinations of alleles that might
result from a cross and the likelihood
that each might occur.
What term is given when one allele
is not completely dominant over another?
In incomplete dominance where
does the heterozygous phenotype
Between the 2 homozygous
What term is given to people with
the heterozygous form of a gene that
produces 2 forms of proteins, with
different effects on cholesterol levels?
What is the relationship between
the environment and phenotype?
The environment affects how genes
are expressed and therefore influence
an organism’s phenotype.
What might be the result of an
exceptionally hot spring on wing
pigmentation in the western white
The higher temperatures of an
unusually hot spring will likely result
in lighter wing colors.
What term was given to Mendel’s
alleles segregate experiment?
The Two-Factor Cross
Why is the fruit fly an ideal organism
for genetic research?
They are small, easy to keep in the
lab, and produce large numbers of
offspring in a short amount of time.
Why didn’t Mendel know, from the
results of the first cross, whether
two genes segregated independently?
All the offspring had dominant
What evidence did Mendel have that
alleles segregated independently?
All combinations of phenotypes
were shown as a result.
What does Mendel’s Principles explain?
They explain that heredity, observed
through patterns of inheritance, form the
basis of modern genetics.
What is the difference between the “Law of
Dominance” & the “Law of Segregation”?
The Law of Dominance states that a dominant gene will express itself over a recessive gene and a recessive trait will only be expressed if an individual has two recessive genes.
The Law of Segregation states that alleles separate during gamete formation so that each gamete carries only one of the genes.