Aggregator-based Implementation of Demand Response Programs. Kenneth D. Schisler, Senior Director, Regulatory Affairs Bradley J. Davids, Senior Director, Utility Solutions October 16, 2007. Agenda. Introduction to EnerNOC
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Aggregator-based Implementation of Demand Response Programs
Kenneth D. Schisler, Senior Director, Regulatory Affairs Bradley J. Davids, Senior Director, Utility Solutions
October 16, 2007
Founded in 2001, EnerNOC is the premier demand response provider focused on the commercial, institutional, and industrial market in North America.
Resource reliability – Unparalleled track record, with 880+ MW of demand response capacity under contract; almost 2000 facility sites under management; hundreds of DR events deployed to date – we guarantee performance to our utility customers
Turnkey solution – Full service, “end-to-end” offering – auditing, education, engineering, permitting, financing, metering, enrollment, installation, data and payment reconciliation, maintenance – we remove complexity and increase end-user participation
Advanced technology – 24/7/365 metering and web-based monitoring and control through open architecture technology that provides near real-time visibility into performance and availability of DR assets
Industry-leading customer service – Deep experience in energy management – skilled sales and operations team that thoroughly understands the needs of commercial and industrial customers
Financially stable – Strong balance sheet, publicly traded company on NASDAQ (ENOC)
Our Network Operations Center (NOC) features fully automated demand response capabilities to ensure that curtailment happens quickly, efficiently and consistently for both the utility and the customer.
The NOC monitors customer event performance data in real-time, and automatically identifies and targets underperforming sites to ensure maximized end-user performance.
Upon event conclusion, the NOC notifies participating customers and automatically restores normal operations at customer sites.
The NOC’s sophisticated measurement and verification services ensure high quality performance data after an event.
* pending regulatory approval
Curtailment and Load ManagementTemperature set-points, air handlers, lighting, signage, pumps, process loads, refrigeration, motors, elevators, production scheduling
Self GenerationEmergency/backup generators, peaking and continuous-duty distributed generation, UPS systems
Commercial Office and High Tech
Food Sales and Storage
Lodging and Resorts
National accounts are increasingly “expecting” demand response programs as part of utility offerings, based on experiences in active DR markets
Demand response from customer perspectiveUniversity provider combines generation with load curtailment to cut demand by more than 1.7 MW.
Voluntary Extension7:15 PM
Notification 1:00 PM
Event Start 1:30 PM
Event End 6:00 PM
Performance: 1,727 kW
Commitment: 1,450 kW
Relay Control Module and 24V Power Source
(Outputs to the transfer switch and lighting controls)
EnerNOC Site Server (typically installed next to the transfer switch)
Total ISO New England Demand Response Performance, August 2, 2006
Case Study: Connecticut
Connecticut Load Concentrations
“Today’s peak record would have been hundreds of megawatts higher if it were not for ISO New England’s demand response programs . . .”
ISO-NE, August 2, 2006
Like a peaking plant . . .
Why demand response?Demand response is a cost-effective and reliable way to meet the electric demand peak, which occurs for very few hours per year. The alternative is to build generation and transmission capacity that is unused 99% of the time.
~10% of infrastructure is designed to meet peak demand that occurs during 1% of the year
Commercial & industrial
Much more concerned about running their business than controlling energy costs
Inadequately staffed to focus on energy-related activities
Uncertain about their ability to reduce load without impacting business operations
Not interested in complex, inflexible contract terms
Reluctant to accept penalties for non-performance
Resources that are absolutely dependable – in amount, location, duration, ramp-up time
Resources that can relieve constrained zones quickly, and are flexible in scale
Resources that can be monitored in near real time, and are verifiable to regulators
Resources that are cost-effective and environmentally “clean”
Resource providers that can financially guarantee performance
Demand Response Aggregator
Possible program timeframe: 10 am to 7 pm
Allowable DR Measures
Each program design element needs to be carefully chosen to balance system needs with the need to stimulate customer program participation.
Range of Design Choices