THE GREEN REVOLUTION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The green revolution
1 / 15

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

THE GREEN REVOLUTION. FRQ – INDIA The term "Green Revolution" was first used in 1968 by former USAID director William Gaud, who noted the spread of the new technologies. Norman Ernest Borlaug “ The man who fed the world” – Wall St. Journal 9/13/09.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

The green revolution



The term "Green Revolution" was first used in 1968 by former USAID director William Gaud, who noted the spread of the new technologies.

Norman ernest borlaug the man who fed the world wall st journal 9 13 09

Norman Ernest Borlaug “The man who fed the world” – Wall St. Journal 9/13/09

  • An agronomist, a scientist who specialize in utilizing plants for food, fuel, feed, and fiber.

  • The Mexican government requested Norm to establish an agricultural research station to develop more varieties of wheat that could be used to feed the rapidly growing population.

History of green revolution


1943 - Rockefeller Foundation sought to spread the Mexican “experiment” to other nations.

Indian famine 1961

Indian famine 1961

  • Ford Foundation and Indian government collaborated to import wheat seed.

  • Punjab was selected to try the new crops because of reliable water supply and a history of agricultural success.

  • India began its own Green Revolution program of plant breeding, irrigation development, and financing of agrochemicals.

Green revolution 1943 1978 r d in technologies to increase agricultural production

Green Revolution 1943-1978R&D in technologies to increase agricultural production

  • Aimed at helping LDCs.

  • Developed new strains with high-yielding cerealgrains

  • Increases in agricultural productivity

The green revolution

  • Expansion of irrigation infrastructure

  • Distribution of

    • hybridized seeds

    • synthetic fertilizers

    • pesticides to farmers.

The green revolution

  • Changing agricultural practices

    • shift from subsistence to commercial farming

    • Use of mechanical

      machinery (tractors)

Changing agricultural practices artificial fertilizer insecticides and herbicides

Changing agricultural practices: - Artificial fertilizer, Insecticides and herbicides

Green practices technologies irrigation systems

Green practices & Technologies: - irrigation systems

  • 325 million Indians live in poverty.

  • International Development Enterprises (IDE) India makes a $30 drip-irrigation kit and teaches farmers how to use it by traveling to villages to show them a Bollywood-style instructional film.

  • Since the nonprofit was founded in 1991, it has focused on developing products for the rural poor.

  • - It markets its contraptions through private channels and, so far, has sold more than 85,000 kits.

  • Business Week March 12, 2007


Green practices technologies hybridization crossbreeding for disease resistance

Green practices & Technologies: - Hybridization; crossbreeding for disease resistance

Socio political conditions for green revolution in india


  • Availability of credit/banks, money (e.g., international aid, finance, seeds, etc.)

  • Political stability

  • Receptive political environment

  • Middle class (independent) farmers

  • Market economy

  • Transportation system

  • Cultural acceptance of crops and practices (e.g., “Culturally, the society must be willing to part ways with old fashioned methods of farming”).

  • Knowledge, education

Economic ecological factors limiting long term success


  • Increased costs of artificial fertilizer, herbicides, insecticides, fuel

    Potash controls the plants’ water intake, reduces water loss, increases root growth and improves drought resistance.

    Potash prices soared in 2008 and Indian and Chinese farmers bought less resulting in lower yields.

Limiting long term success


  • Operation of commodity markets in the “global economy”

The green revolution

  • Crushing debt load for farmers and the government.

  • Availability of funds for additional equipment and seeds.

  • Some groups (women) cannot obtain credit (equality)

Limiting long term success1


  • Climatic factors:

    • erosion

    • Desertification

  • Finite supply of water table

  • Drought

  • Water pollution

  • Limited amount of arable land

  • Decline in soil quality (fertility)

  • NPR Farmers in Debt

  • Login