Augmented von neumann processors
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Augmented von Neumann Processors. Binu K. Mathew, Al Davis School of Computing University of Utah. Guide to the future!. "What is it?" asked Arthur. "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. It's a sort of electronic book… a million "pages” could be summoned at a moment's notice...

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Augmented von Neumann Processors

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Augmented von neumann processors

Augmented von Neumann Processors

Binu K. Mathew, Al Davis

School of Computing

University of Utah


Guide to the future

Guide to the future!

"What is it?" asked Arthur.

"The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. It's a sort of electronic book… a million "pages” could be summoned at a moment's notice...

A screen, about three inches by four, lit up and characters began to flicker across the surface.

The words Vogon Constructor Fleets flared in green across the screen. At the same time, the book began to speak the entry as well in a still quiet measured voice.This is what the book said.

- Douglas Adams, The Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy


Future applications

Future Applications

  • Projected performance requirement: 10 GOPS

    • Continuous speech recognition

    • Handwriting and gesture recognition

    • Computer Vision

    • Heuristic searches in multimedia databases

    • Video conferencing

  • Power consumption of typical processors

    • Intel Strong ARM SA110 @ 233 MHz : 1 W (Max)

    • Intel embedded Pentium @ 233 MHz : 7.9W – 17W

    • AMD Athlon @ 800 MHz: 45.5 W (Max core power)

  • Can conventional archs provide required performance?

  • At a low enough power budget ?


Primitives for future applications

Primitives for Future Applications

  • Hidden Markov Model Solvers : Speech Recognition, Handwriting and gesture recognition

  • FFT: Audio processing

  • DCT: Image compression

  • Block Data Difference: Compression, motion detection

  • Pattern matching: Database searches, feature recognition

  • Generalized filters: Image and audio processing, array transformations

  • Encryption/Decryption, block data transfer, heuristic processing of bulk data …

  • Reduction operators, block math units: Image statistics, Finite element analysis, Logic simulation, Neural nets


Augmented von neumann processors1

Block

Transfer

Scratch

SRAM

Enc/

Decrypt

CPU

Core

GFU-1

Audio

Pat

Match

GFU-2

HMM

Bulk Math

Bulk Diff

FFT/DCT

Augmented von Neumann Processors

  • Multiple threads of execution, task level parallelism

  • Domain-specific coprocessors provide high performance at low power

Language model

from memory


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Power

    • Pihl et al’s HMM coprocessor consumes 853mW @ 154 MHz in a 5V, 0.8 technology

    • 41mW estimated power @ 1GHz on a 1.2V. 0.1  process

    • Indication that domain specific coprocessors win!

  • Area

    • AMD K-7 die area is 184mm2 in a 0.25  process

    • Same K-7 is estimated to be 4.7-12.5% of the die area of a microprocessor of 2005 in a 0.1  process

    • Total area of all our coprocessors is less than 184 mm2

    • Domain specific coprocessors win again!

  • Challenges

    • Identify core primitives, generalize

    • Power efficient implementation

    • Provide plumbing between units and overall framework


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