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人們用身高及體重的指標來衡量高矮及胖瘦,我們該用什麼指標來評定一個國家是富裕還是貧窮? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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人們用身高及體重的指標來衡量高矮及胖瘦,我們該用什麼指標來評定一個國家是富裕還是貧窮?. 一國境內 人士在 特定期間 內生產的 最終產品 的總 市場價值. 只要是在國境內生產,不分本國人或外國人. 衡量時間最短為一季,最長為一年。只要是當期產出(即使未賣出)一律計入當期. 國內生產毛額. Gross Domestic Product. 須經市場交易 的產品 才列入 但農人自產自用的農產品與自用住宅的設算租金,因數量龐大且估算容易,也列入. 最終產品 是指作為最終使用之產品,而非作為生產原料之用的「 中間產品 」

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人們用身高及體重的指標來衡量高矮及胖瘦,我們該用什麼指標來評定一個國家是富裕還是貧窮?

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Gross Domestic Product


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(consumption)

GDP=C+I+G+(X-M)


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(investment)

GDP=C+I+G+(X-M)


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(government purchases)

GDP=C+I+G+(X-M)


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(export - import)

GDP=C+I+G+(X-M)


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Gross National Product


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GNP

= GDP


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GDP

1 100%

GDP


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2011GDP14,792,928

201214,988,594

2012

14,792,928

1 1001.32%

14,988,594


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GDP


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  • 1980


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WEF

WEF10

2013201412

(2)(7)(9)(25)(29)


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IMD

IMD201311

(3)(5)(16)(21)(22)(24)(25)


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WEFIMD


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(HDI)GDP

2030


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201220081.520302

27020


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1

2


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GDP = GDP


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GDP

2011GDP13678GDP0.6%GDP1359

5GDPGDP

GDP


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2012(Inclusive Wealth Index,IWI)19902008GDP20IWI

IWI

2019902008IWI

GDP422%37%31% 24%IWI45%13%18%1%


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      • 356

      • 3


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B

  • 1. 101

    (A)

    (B)

    (C)

    (D)


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C

  • 2. (GDP)GDPGDP102

    (A)GDP

    (B) GDPGDP

    (C)GDP

    (D)GDPGDP


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  • 3. 102

    (A)

    (B)

    (C)

    (D)

    (E)

CD


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"" (2013)


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(2013)


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(2013/9/4)


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WEF 12 (2013/9/4)


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11 (2013/5/30)


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(2013/3/11)


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3C(2013)


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(2013)


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(2011/6/6)


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(2011/8/7)


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(2013)


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