Air Ejectors
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Air ejector is an essential component of any type of feed system on the ship. As the name suggests, the equipment completely removes the air from any system and also draws out the vapours released from the condensing steam in the condenser. Presence of air in the system leads to several detrimental effects on the boiler. Corrosion is one such effect that in long run results is failure of the boiler from the inside. Also, the accumulation of air inside the condenser affects the condensing process, which results in the production of back pressure. The back pressure thus generated leads to increase in exhaust steam pressure and reduction in thermal efficiency of the plant. Let's take a look at the construction and working of conventional air ejectors.

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Air Ejector

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Air ejector 7421259

Air Ejectors

Air ejector is an essential component of any type of feed system on the ship. As the name

suggests, the equipment completely removes the air from any system and also draws out the

vapours released from the condensing steam in the condenser.

Presence of air in the system leads to several detrimental effects on the boiler. Corrosion is one

such effect that in long run results is failure of the boiler from the inside. Also, the accumulation

of air inside the condenser affects the condensing process, which results in the production of

back pressure. The back pressure thus generated leads to increase in exhaust steam pressure and

reduction in thermal efficiency of the plant. Let's take a look at the construction and working of

conventional air ejectors.

For understanding purpose, we would consider a two stage twin element air ejector. This type of

air ejectors are usually steam operated. The air ejector system is divided into two main stages.

The first stage acts as a pump to draw in the air and vapours from the condenser and the

condensing unit of the system forms the second part. Not all the part of the steam entering the

second stage is converted into condensate and for this reason, a return line is provided for the

non-condensed steam to go back to the second stage. The feed water for the cooling purpose is

supplied to both the stages through a U-tube arrangement as shown in the figure.

The air from the condenser or any other part of the system is sucked in by the first stage of the

air ejector, which acts as a pump. The air and vapours then passes to the second stage which is a

condensing unit. A continuous circulation of feed water inside the condensing unit cools the

steam and vapours entering the second stage. The condensed steam through a drain goes to the

main condenser unit of the feed system. All the remaining air and vapour that are not condensed

in the second stage are sent back to the condensing unit through a return line and the process is

repeated again. Any other gases are released to the atmosphere through a vacuum retaining

valve.

Air ejectors are always mounted in pairs in the feed system. Though only one is required for

appropriate functioning of the system, the alternate air ejectors act as standby or helper units.

Adequate numbers of valves are fitted on the steam, vapour and feed water line to isolate each

line whenever required.

It works on the principle of convergent /divergent nozzle as it provides the venturi effect at the

point of diffusion as the tube gets narrows at the throat the velocity of the fluid increases and

because of the venturi affect it pressure decreases, vacuum will occur in the diffuser throat where

the suction line will be provided.

An air ejector which uses the high pressure motive fluid such as air or steam to flow through the

convergent nozzle the function of the convergent nozzle is to convert the pressure energy of the

motive fluid into the velocity energy.

As the pressure energy before entering the convergent nozzle is greater and the velocity is less

for the fluid. At the point of discharge the pressure energy is converted into the velocity so the

velocity will be greater and the pressure will be less during the discharge.


Air ejector 7421259

Divergent nozzle the opposite effect takes place velocity energy is convert into pressure energy,

at the point of diffusion there is a low pressure or vacuum is created which is used to suck the

other fluid for the motion.

For more information please contact us or call on +912532501600 / 9921391762

http://www.crystaltcs.com/vacuum-systems.php


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