Chapter 1. New World Beginnings. Peopling the Americas. Many different theories Land Bridge Kayaks/boats, walking etc. Massive diversity by 1492 (Columbian encounter) Agriculture (some areas)= population/ civilization growth nation-states.
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New World Beginnings
The origins of the first Americans remain something of a mystery. According to the most plausible theory of how the Americas were populated, for some 25,000 years people crossed the Bering land bridge from Eurasia to North America. Gradually they dispersed southward down ice-free valleys, populating both the American continents.
EUROPE= markets, capital, technology
AFRICA= slave labor
AMERICAS= raw materials, foodstuff
The Columbian ExchangeColumbus’s discovery initiated the kind of explosion in international commerce that a later age would call “globalization.”
Artists’ Rendering of TenochtitlánAmid tribal strife in the fourteenth century, the Aztecs built a capital on a small island in a lake in the central Valley of Mexico. From here they oversaw the most powerful empire yet to arise in Mesoamerica. Two main temples stood at the city’s sacred center, one dedicated to Tlaloc, the ancient rain god, and the other to Huitzilopochtli, the tribal god, who was believed to require human hearts for sustenance.