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Department of Agriculture UP. Agro Climatic Zones in U.P. Tarai. Western Plain. Central Western Plain. Semi Arid South Western Plain. Central Plain. Bundelkhand. North Eastern Plain. Eastern Plain. Vindhyan Area. District of Eastern Region. Eastern Districts (27) in UP.

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Department of Agriculture UP

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Department of Agriculture UP

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Agro Climatic Zones in U.P.


Western Plain

Central Western Plain

Semi Arid South

Western Plain

Central Plain


North Eastern Plain

Eastern Plain

Vindhyan Area

District of Eastern Region

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Eastern Districts (27) in UP

Allahabad, Kaushambi, Pratapgarh, Varanasi, Chandauli, Ghazipur Jaunpur, Mirzapur, Sonbhadra, Sant. Ravidas Nagar, Azamgarh, Mau, Ballia, Gorakhpur, Maharajganj, Deoria, Kushinagar, Basti, Siddhartha Nagar, Sant Kabir Nagar, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Sultanpur, Gonda, Balrampur, Bahraich and Shravasti

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District under different Agro-Climatic Zones

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Characteristic & Constraints

Central Plain Zone

  • Soils are highly productive vary from sandy loam to clay loam.


    • Sodicity, Poor water management and deficiency of Micro Nutrients.

    • Low organic carbon.

      Eastern Plain Zone

  • Sodic and Diara Land.

  • Plenty of ground water but surface water is scanty.


    • Poor Water Management in Canal Command Area.

    • Low seed replacement Rate (SRR).

    • Late sowing of Wheat in Paddy-Wheat crop sequence.

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Characteristic & Constraints

North Eastern Plain Zone

  • Abundant surface and ground water.

  • Soils are alluvial and calcareous.


    • Flood and Poor Drainage

    • Late sowing of Wheat in Paddy-Wheat sequence.

    • Lack of adoption of hybrids Rice & Maize.

      Vindhyan Zone

    • Most of the lands are undulating and rocky besides alluvial in plain area.


    • Low fertility and Irrigation problem.

    • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR).

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Agriculture Profile

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Category wise Status Farmers of Eastern U.P.

Total No. Of farmers

Family- in %

Category wise total land share- in %

Category wise farmers

holding- in ha

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Productivity of Rice

(qtl / ha.)

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Productivity of Wheat

(qtl / ha.)

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Productivity of Rabi Maize

  • Rabi Maize is cultivated in 7 districts Ballia, Deoria, Kushinagar, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Gonda and Bahraich of eastern UP.

  • The area in eastern UP is 12296 ha.

  • Area in entire UP is 12445 ha.

  • The productivity of eastern UP and Uttar Pradesh are 29 Q / ha.

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Productivity of Sugarcane

(qtl / ha.)

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Fertility Status of Primary Nutrients

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Fertility Status of Sulphur and Micro nutrients

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Major Concerns

  • Fragmented and small size of land holding.

  • Seed

    • Low SRR

    • Inadequacy of suitable genotypes.

  • The deteriorating Soil Health

    • Insufficient use of organic manure and less adoption of Green Manuring

    • Imbalanced use of chemical fertilizer

    • Inadequacy of beneficial Micro-flora.

  • Inadequate credit flow

  • Depleting ground water

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Major Concerns(Contd..)

  • Problematic Soils

    • Problem of sodicity

    • Problem of submergence.

    • Flooded land

    • Khadar and Diyara land

  • Weak extension network

  • Slow pace of mechanization

  • Increasing cost of cultivation

  • Inadequate pace of research and technology development

  • Poor post harvest management

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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

  • Increasing Seed Replacement Rate

  • 2.Restoring Soil health

  • 2.1Strategic campaign for Green Manuring and Composting.

  • 2.2Use of quality bio fertilizers

  • 2.3Balanced use of chemical fertilizer.

  • 3.Water management

  • 3.1Judicious and timely use of irrigation water

  • 3.2Effort to reduce dependence on rain.

  • 4.Management of problematic land

  • 4.1Improvement of Sodic lands with use of Gypsum.

  • 4.2Strengthening of Drainage System.

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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

  • 5. Technology dissemination

  • 5.1Organizing Mega Farmer Fare in each agro climatic zones.

  • 5.2Involvement of 17000 input dealers in technology dissemination. (Vikreta Se Visheshyagya) throughcapacity building.

  • 5.3Exposure visit, Kisan Mela and farmer’s training programme

  • 5.4Farm School for Farmer to Farmer extension.

  • 6.Mechanization

  • 6.1Popularization of modern agricultural implements and their distribution.

  • 6.2Demonstration of new agricultural implements

  • Establishment of Mandi with in 100 sq km radius.

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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

8. Minimizing cost of cultivation

8.1Popularizing line sowing

8.2Adoption of IPM and IPNM techniques.

8.3Use of Zero till

8.4Promotion of SRI technique of Rice cultivation

8.5Maximum use of Organic / Green manure

9.Research and technology development

9.1 Release of high yielding varieties and hybrid Rice strain.

9.2Release of thermo tolerant verities.

9.3Less water loving varieties

9.4Increase of self life of produce.

10. Paddy

10.1Increasing SRR / VRR.

10.2 Distribution of Hybrid Rice seed

10.3 20% area of paddy under Hybrid Rice

10.4 Scented Rice to occupy 5-7% area specially with improved strain of Kala Namak

10.5 Cultivation of summer paddy in flooded land

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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

  • 11. Wheat

  • 11.1Timely sowing & Proper placement of seed and fertilizer by use of Zero till.

  • 11.2Line sowing

  • 11.3 Judicious and timely use of irrigation water

  • 11.4Increasing SRR/VRR.

  • 12.Sugarcane

    • 12.1Increasing Seed & Varietal Replacement Rate.

    • 12.2Adoption of crunch method of planting.

    • 12.3Intercropping.

  • 13.Maize

    • 13.1Increasing area under Hybrid and High Yielding Varieties.

    • 13.2Extension of area under Rabi Maize in Eastern UP

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Status of Seed Distribution & Proposed Target

In qtl.

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Status of Fertilizer Distribution

( in MT)

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Status of Crop Loan Distribution

(in crores Rs.)

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Status of Mechanization

(in No.)

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Component wise proposed activities

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Benefits and Outcome

  • In all 5,60,130 farmers will be benefited by the project.

  • Enhancement of productivity of Rice, Wheat, Rabi Maize by 2 Q / ha and Sugarcane by 10 Q/ ha.

  • Soil health (Soil fertility and soil productivity) will be maintained for posterity .

  • Water use efficiency will increase by use of sprinkler.

  • The time for various agricultural operation will be tangibly reduced through mechanization.

  • Reclamation of isolated patches of sodic lands by use of Gypsum in these areas will have additional food production at least 5 Q / ha.

  • The following outcome is expected

  • Additional production and productivity will improve the economy of farmers which will in turn ensure the better livelihood and consequently elevating them to higher notches of Human Development index (HDI).

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Component wise allocation of funds

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Requirement of funds for Eastern Uttar Pradesh

Rs. In Crores

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Category wise Status U.P.

Total No. Of farmers

Family- in %

Category wise total land share- in %

Category wise farmers

holding- in ha

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Productivity of Rice

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Productivity of Wheat

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Productivity of Sugarcane

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Salient Features of Eastern UP

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Salient Features of Eastern UP (Contd..)

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Status of Irrigation Potential Creation

Area in Lakh ha

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Agriculture Profile

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Action Taken Report (ATR) on decisions of Experts group meeting (13-14 May 2010)

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Action Taken Report (ATR) on decisions of Experts group meeting (13-14 May 2010) (Contd..)

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Action Taken Report (ATR) on decisions of Experts group meeting (13-14 May 2010) (Contd..)

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Action Taken Report (ATR) on decisions of Experts group meeting (13-14 May 2010) (Contd..)

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Action Taken Report (ATR) on decisions of Experts group meeting (13-14 May 2010) (Contd..)

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Action Taken Report (ATR) on decisions of Experts group meeting (13-14 May 2010) (Contd..)

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