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Department of Agriculture UP. Agro Climatic Zones in U.P. Tarai. Western Plain. Central Western Plain. Semi Arid South Western Plain. Central Plain. Bundelkhand. North Eastern Plain. Eastern Plain. Vindhyan Area. District of Eastern Region. Eastern Districts (27) in UP.

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Agro Climatic Zones in U.P.

Tarai

Western Plain

Central Western Plain

Semi Arid South

Western Plain

Central Plain

Bundelkhand

North Eastern Plain

Eastern Plain

Vindhyan Area

District of Eastern Region


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Eastern Districts (27) in UP

Allahabad, Kaushambi, Pratapgarh, Varanasi, Chandauli, Ghazipur Jaunpur, Mirzapur, Sonbhadra, Sant. Ravidas Nagar, Azamgarh, Mau, Ballia, Gorakhpur, Maharajganj, Deoria, Kushinagar, Basti, Siddhartha Nagar, Sant Kabir Nagar, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Sultanpur, Gonda, Balrampur, Bahraich and Shravasti


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District under different Agro-Climatic Zones


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Characteristic & Constraints

Central Plain Zone

  • Soils are highly productive vary from sandy loam to clay loam.

    Constraints

    • Sodicity, Poor water management and deficiency of Micro Nutrients.

    • Low organic carbon.

      Eastern Plain Zone

  • Sodic and Diara Land.

  • Plenty of ground water but surface water is scanty.

    Constraints

    • Poor Water Management in Canal Command Area.

    • Low seed replacement Rate (SRR).

    • Late sowing of Wheat in Paddy-Wheat crop sequence.


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Characteristic & Constraints

North Eastern Plain Zone

  • Abundant surface and ground water.

  • Soils are alluvial and calcareous.

    Constraints

    • Flood and Poor Drainage

    • Late sowing of Wheat in Paddy-Wheat sequence.

    • Lack of adoption of hybrids Rice & Maize.

      Vindhyan Zone

    • Most of the lands are undulating and rocky besides alluvial in plain area.

      Constraints

    • Low fertility and Irrigation problem.

    • Low Seed Replacement Rate (SRR).



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Category wise Status Farmers of Eastern U.P.

Total No. Of farmers

Family- in %

Category wise total land share- in %

Category wise farmers

holding- in ha




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Productivity of Rabi Maize

  • Rabi Maize is cultivated in 7 districts Ballia, Deoria, Kushinagar, Faizabad, Sultanpur, Gonda and Bahraich of eastern UP.

  • The area in eastern UP is 12296 ha.

  • Area in entire UP is 12445 ha.

  • The productivity of eastern UP and Uttar Pradesh are 29 Q / ha.





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Major Concerns

  • Fragmented and small size of land holding.

  • Seed

    • Low SRR

    • Inadequacy of suitable genotypes.

  • The deteriorating Soil Health

    • Insufficient use of organic manure and less adoption of Green Manuring

    • Imbalanced use of chemical fertilizer

    • Inadequacy of beneficial Micro-flora.

  • Inadequate credit flow

  • Depleting ground water


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Major Concerns(Contd..)

  • Problematic Soils

    • Problem of sodicity

    • Problem of submergence.

    • Flooded land

    • Khadar and Diyara land

  • Weak extension network

  • Slow pace of mechanization

  • Increasing cost of cultivation

  • Inadequate pace of research and technology development

  • Poor post harvest management


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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

  • Increasing Seed Replacement Rate

  • 2. Restoring Soil health

  • 2.1 Strategic campaign for Green Manuring and Composting.

  • 2.2 Use of quality bio fertilizers

  • 2.3 Balanced use of chemical fertilizer.

  • 3. Water management

  • 3.1 Judicious and timely use of irrigation water

  • 3.2 Effort to reduce dependence on rain.

  • 4. Management of problematic land

  • 4.1 Improvement of Sodic lands with use of Gypsum.

  • 4.2 Strengthening of Drainage System.


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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

  • 5. Technology dissemination

  • 5.1 Organizing Mega Farmer Fare in each agro climatic zones.

  • 5.2 Involvement of 17000 input dealers in technology dissemination. (Vikreta Se Visheshyagya) through capacity building.

  • 5.3 Exposure visit, Kisan Mela and farmer’s training programme

  • 5.4 Farm School for Farmer to Farmer extension.

  • 6. Mechanization

  • 6.1 Popularization of modern agricultural implements and their distribution.

  • 6.2 Demonstration of new agricultural implements

  • Establishment of Mandi with in 100 sq km radius.


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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

8. Minimizing cost of cultivation

8.1 Popularizing line sowing

8.2 Adoption of IPM and IPNM techniques.

8.3 Use of Zero till

8.4 Promotion of SRI technique of Rice cultivation

8.5 Maximum use of Organic / Green manure

9. Research and technology development

9.1 Release of high yielding varieties and hybrid Rice strain.

9.2 Release of thermo tolerant verities.

9.3 Less water loving varieties

9.4 Increase of self life of produce.

10. Paddy

10.1 Increasing SRR / VRR.

10.2 Distribution of Hybrid Rice seed

10.3 20% area of paddy under Hybrid Rice

10.4 Scented Rice to occupy 5-7% area specially with improved strain of Kala Namak

10.5 Cultivation of summer paddy in flooded land


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Strategy for Extending Green Revolution to Eastern UP

  • 11. Wheat

  • 11.1 Timely sowing & Proper placement of seed and fertilizer by use of Zero till.

  • 11.2 Line sowing

  • 11.3 Judicious and timely use of irrigation water

  • 11.4 Increasing SRR/VRR.

  • 12. Sugarcane

    • 12.1 Increasing Seed & Varietal Replacement Rate.

    • 12.2 Adoption of crunch method of planting.

    • 12.3 Intercropping.

  • 13. Maize

    • 13.1 Increasing area under Hybrid and High Yielding Varieties.

    • 13.2 Extension of area under Rabi Maize in Eastern UP








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Benefits and Outcome

  • In all 5,60,130 farmers will be benefited by the project.

  • Enhancement of productivity of Rice, Wheat, Rabi Maize by 2 Q / ha and Sugarcane by 10 Q/ ha.

  • Soil health (Soil fertility and soil productivity) will be maintained for posterity .

  • Water use efficiency will increase by use of sprinkler.

  • The time for various agricultural operation will be tangibly reduced through mechanization.

  • Reclamation of isolated patches of sodic lands by use of Gypsum in these areas will have additional food production at least 5 Q / ha.

  • The following outcome is expected

  • Additional production and productivity will improve the economy of farmers which will in turn ensure the better livelihood and consequently elevating them to higher notches of Human Development index (HDI).




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Category wise Status U.P.

Total No. Of farmers

Family- in %

Category wise total land share- in %

Category wise farmers

holding- in ha















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Thanks meeting


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