1905 to 1917: Changes in Pre-Revolutionary Russia. 1905 vs. 1917. 1905 - Half a Revolution Similarities Tsar weak from failed war -- Russo-Japanese War Workers organized independently. Formed SOVIETS!! Peasants and parts of army sided with Soviets. 1905 vs. 1917: The Soviets.
1905 - Half a Revolution
And the proletariat needed the peasants:
“The law of combined development of backward countries – in the sense of a peculiar mixture of backward elements with the most modern factors – here rises before us in its most finished form, and offers a key to the fundamental riddle of the Russian revolution. If the agrarian problem, as a heritage from the barbarism of the old Russian history, had been solved by the bourgeoisie, if it could have been solved by them, the Russian proletariat could not possibly have come to power in 1917. In order to realise the Soviet state, there was required a drawing together and mutual penetration of two factors belonging to completely different historic species: a peasant war – that is, a movement characteristic of the dawn of bourgeois development – and a proletarian insurrection, the movement signalising its decline. That is the essence of 1917.” (37)
The ruling classes meanwhile...
Duma unites behind the war effort
Proletariat grows by leaps and bounds
Slowly proletariat fights back
But ruling classes push back
This leads to...
Questions going forward: